Scolymus grandiflorus

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Distribution

Africa: Algeria (AlgerianativeA); Canary Is. (Canary Is.native: doubtfully nativeB); Libya (LibyanativeC,D); MorocconativeD,E,F,G; Tunisia (TunisianativeH) Asia-Temperate: East Aegean Is. (East Aegean Is.nativeI); Lebanon-Syria (Lebanonnative: doubtfully nativeD) Europe: Corse (Corsenative: doubtfully nativeJ,K,L,M,N,O); FrancenativeO,P,Q,R,S; Greece (Greecedoubtfully presentI); ItalynativeO,T,U,V,W; Kriti (Kritidoubtfully presentI); Sardegna (SardegnanativeO,T,U,V,W); SicilynativeO (MaltanativeU,X, SicilynativeT,U,V,W); Spain (Spainnative: presence questionableP,Y); Turkey-in-Europe (Turkey-in-EuropeAA,O,Z)

Description

Annual or biennial up to 75 cm. Stems with uninterrupted spiny-dentate wings, pubescent to glabrous, sometimes scabrous. Basal leaves (8)10-16(24) cm, ovate to oblong, pinnatifid, spiny-dentate. Capitula terminals, sometimes axillary, with 2-3 involucral leaves per capitulum, in a spike-like paniculate inflorescence with an elongate appearance. Involucral leaves (7)9-15(19) mm, ovate to lanceolate, sometimes obtuse, pubescent to scabrous, spiny-dentate, with scarious margin. Receptacle (10)13-18(21) mm in diameter. Ligules (20)25-37(44) mm, yellow to orange. Achenes 3.5-5.5(6.5) mm. Pappus of three to seven bristles in central achenes, otherwise three to five. Flowering May to July.

from: Vázquez, F. M. 2000: The Genus Scolymus. – Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 58: 83-100.

Common names

French (Corse): Scolyme à grandes fleursAB,1; French (France): Scolyme à grandes fleursAC,1; Italian (Italy): Cardogna maggioreV,1
1. recommended

Bibliography

A. Quézel, P. & Santa, S., Nouvelle flore de l'Algérie et des régions désertiques méridionales 2. 1963
B. Hansen A. & Sunding P., Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4th revised edition in Sommerfeltia 17. 1994
C. Boulos, L., A check-list of the Libyan flora 3. Compositae (by C. Jeffrey). in Candollea 34. 1979
D. Vázquez, F., The genus Scolymus Tourn. ex L. (Asteraceae): taxonomy and distribution in Anales Jardín Bot. Madrid 58. 2000
E. Fennane M. & al., Flore pratique du Maroc 3. 2014
F. Nègre, R. , Petite flore des régions arides du Maroc occidental 2. 1962
G. Valdés, B., Rejdali, M., Achhal El Khadmiri, A., Jury, S. L. & Montserrat, J. M., Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d’identification 2. 2002
H. Pottier-Alapetite, G., Flore de la Tunisie. Angiospermes-Dicotyledones 2. Gamopetales 2. 1981
I. Dimopoulos P. & al., Vascular plants of Greece, an annotated checklist. Englera 31. 2013 (as Scolymus grandiflorus)
J. Bouchard, J., Flore pratique de la Corse. 1978 (as Scolymus grandiflorus)
K. Coste, H., Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France. Supplément 3. 1975
L. Gamisans, J., Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Corse. 1985 (as Scolymus grandiflorus)
M. Jeanmonod D. & Schlüssel A., Compléments au Prodrome de la Flore Corse. Asteraceae III. 2012 (as Scolymus grandiflorus)
N. Jeanmonod, D. & Burdet, H. M., Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Corse, ed. 2. 1993 (as Scolymus grandiflorus)
O. Tutin, T. G. & al., Flora Europaea. 1964-1993
P. Bolòs, O. de & Vigo, J., Flora dels països catalans 3. 1995
Q. Coste, H., Flore descriptive et illustree de la France 2. 1902-1903 (as Scolymus hispanicus subsp. grandiflorus)
R. Fournier, P., Les quatre flores de la France, Corse comprise. 1934-1940 (as Scolymus hispanicus subsp. grandiflorus)
S. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de, Flore de France 4. 1982
T. Conti, F., Abbate, G., Alessandrini, A., Blasi, C. (eds.), An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora. 2005
U. Fiori, A., Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2. 1925-1929
V. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982
W. Zangheri, P., Flora italica 1. 1976
X. Haslam, S. M., Sell, P. D. & Wolsely, P. A., A Flora of the Maltese Islands. 1977
Y. Cadevall I Diars, J. & Sallent, A., Flora de Catalunya 3(3-6). 1923
Z. Davis P. H., Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5. 1975
AA. Webb, D. A., The Flora of European Turkey in Proc. Roy. Irish Acad., B 65/B/1. 1966
AB. Jeanmonod D. & Gamisans J., Flora Corsica. 2007
AC. Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica], Tela Botanica, le réseau de la botanique francophone. Flores en ligne, France métropolitaine