Tragopogon pratensis

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Tragopogon pratensis

https://pictures.bgbm.org/digilib/Scaler/IIIF/Cichorieae!Tragopogon_pratensis_Bc_01.jpg/full/full/0/default.jpg

Common names

(Caribbean): MarigoldA, SousouriA, SousouyouA; Albanian (Albania): Lulebrigje e livadhitB,1; Basque (Spain): Okotz-bedarC; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Полска козя брадаD,1; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): InflabouC; English (Great Britain): Goat's-beardE,1; English (New Zealand): GoatsbeardF; English (Northern America): Meadow goatsbeardG; English (Pakistan): Goat's-beardH; Estonian (Estonia): Harilik piimjuurI,1; Finnish (Finland): PukinpartaJ,1; French (Belgium): Salsifis des présK,1; French (Corse): Salsifis des présL,1; French (France): Salsifis des présM,1; French (Northern America): Salsifis des présG; French (Switzerland): Salsifis des présN,1; German (Germany): Wiesen-BocksbartO,1; German (Switzerland): HabermarkN,1, Wiesen-BocksbartN,1; Icelandic (Iceland): HafursskeggfífillP; Italian (Italy): BaciapretiQ,1, Barba di Becco comuneQ,1, SalseficaQ,1; Italian (Switzerland): Barba di Becco pratenseN,1; Latvian (Latvia): Pļavas plostbārdisI,1; Lithuanian (Lithuania): Pievinis pūtelisI,1; Norwegian (Norway): GeitskjeggJ,1; Polish (Poland): Kozibród łąkowyR,1; Spanish; Castilian (Puerto Rico): Margarita de las rocasA; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): Barba capruna (de prados)C, BarbajaC, BarbonC, LecherinaC, LechugaC, Roseta calzadaC, YocaC; Swedish (Sweden): HaverrotJ,2, ÄngshaverrotS,1
1. recommended, 2. synonym

Description

Biennial. Root vertical, robust, cylindrical, with numerous slender and short lateral roots; root collar covered with fibres. Plants glabrous, 30-90(120) cm high; stems simple or branched, straight, mostly robust, sometimes coloured. Leaves long, linear or lanceolate-linear, basally semiamplexicaul, broadened and abruptly narrowed, finely long-acuminate, sometimes undulate along margin, almost carinate in upper part; middle and upper cauline leaves much shorter than lower ones. Peduncles long, significantly exceeding leaves, straight, glabrous; not thickened below capitula. Capitula solitary terminal on stem and branches, at flowering 2.5-3 cm long, 12-20 mm wide, elongated at fruiting. Involucral bracts 8-10, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 2.5-4 cm long, 8-12 mm wide, long-acuminate, sometimes brown or pale in lower part, sometimes shorter than peripheral florets and achenes, white-bordered. Receptacle glabrous, initially flat, later on weakly convex, punctate-alveolate. Florets light yellow; anthers yellow, sometimes turning black at apex. Achenes with pappus 3-4 cm long, without pappus 2-2.3 cm long, blackish or brownish-gray; body of achene slightly curved, sulcate, scabrous due to small subobtuse tubercles along ribs, somewhat thick, about 1.1 cm long, abruptly narrowed into 0.8-1 cm-long, slender and smooth beak as long as body of achene, not swollen at apex, and with hairy annulus; pappus 1-1.5 cm long, shorter than achene with beak, whitish.

from: Bobrov, E. G. & Tzvelev, N. N. (ed.) 2000: Flora of the USSR XXIX, Compositae, Tribe Cichorieae. – Enfield.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Kazakhstan nativeT; North Caucasus; Turkey native; Xinjiang nativeU Asia-Tropical: Pakistan nativeH,V; West Himalaya (Himachal Pradesh nativeW) Australasia: New Zealand South introducedF,X Europe: Albania native; Austria nativeY (Austria native, Liechtenstein native); Baltic States (Estonia native, Kaliningrad native, Latvia native, Lithuania native); Belarus native; Belgium nativeY (Belgium native, Luxembourg native); Bulgaria native; Central European Russia native; Corse introduced; CzechoslovakiaY (Czech Republic native, Slovakia native); Denmark native; East European Russia; Finland native; France native; Germany native; Great Britain nativeY; Greece native; Hungary; Iceland introducedP; Ireland nativeY (Ireland nativeAA,Z, Northern Ireland nativeZ); Italy native; Krym native; Netherlands native; North European Russia introduced; Northwest European Russia native; Norway native; Poland native; Romania native: reported in error; Spain nativeC,Y (Spain native); Sweden native; Switzerland native; Turkey-in-Europe native; Ukraine (Moldova, Ukraine native); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovina native, Croatia native, Macedonia native: presence questionable, Montenegro native, Serbia native, Slovenia) Northern America: Alberta introducedAB,G; Arizona introducedAB; British Columbia introducedAB,G; California introducedAB; Colorado introducedAB; Connecticut introducedAB; Delaware introducedAB; District of Columbia introducedAB; Georgia, U.S.A. introducedAB; Idaho introducedAB; Illinois introducedAB; Indiana introducedAB; Iowa introducedAB; Kansas introducedAB; Kentucky introducedAB; Labrador introducedAB; Maine introducedAB; Manitoba introducedAB,G; Maryland introducedAB; Massachusetts introducedAB; Michigan introducedAB; Minnesota introducedAB; Missouri introducedAB; Montana introducedAB; Nebraska introducedAB; Nevada introducedAB; New Brunswick introducedAB,G; New Hampshire introducedAB; New Jersey introducedAB; New Mexico introducedAB; New York introducedAB; Newfoundland (Newfoundland introducedAB,G); North Carolina introducedAB; Nova Scotia introducedAB,G; Ohio introducedAB; Oklahoma introducedAB; Ontario introducedAB,G; Oregon introducedAB; Pennsylvania introducedAB; Prince Edward I. introducedAB,G; Québec introducedAB,G; Rhode I. introducedAB; Saskatchewan introducedAB,G; South Dakota introducedAB; Tennessee introducedAB; Utah introducedAB; Vermont introducedAB; Virginia introducedAB; Washington introducedAB; West Virginia introducedAB; Wisconsin introducedAB; Wyoming introducedAB Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Buenos Aires introducedAC,AD, La Pampa introducedAC); Argentina South (Tierra del Fuego (Argentina) introducedAC,AD); Dominican Republic introducedA,AE; Haiti (Haiti introducedA,AE)

Credits

Willing E. 2017: Images (3 added)

Bibliography

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