Scorzonera pusilla

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Description

Herbs 5–20 cm tall, perennial, with a globose tuber to some cm below surface. Caudex with pale brown adaxially lanate leaf sheath residues becoming somewhat lacerate and subfibrous with age. Stems few, slender, erect, usually apically branched, sparsely pubescent or glabrescent, leafy. Basal leaves linear to filiform-linear, 1–1.5 × 0.1–0.3 cm, arachnoid hairy, margin flat, apex acuminate and often somewhat hooked. Stem leaves similar to basal leaves. Synflorescence sparsely corymbiform, with few capitula or capitulum solitary. Involucre narrowly cylindric, ca. 1.8 × 0.5–0.7 cm at anthesis, prolonged in fruit. Phyllaries abaxially arachnoid hairy; outermost phyllaries ovate, ca. 5 × 3.5 mm, apex acute. Florets yellow. Achene cylindric, ca. 8 mm, with smooth ribs, glabrous. Pappus dirty white, ca. 2.3 cm, plumose for most of length. Fl. and fr. Apr–Jul. 2n = 14.

from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 204. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.


Perennial 5-40 cm, subglabrous to more or less arachnoid-tomentose especially on leaves and at base of involucre; rootstock vertical, slender, with a deeply buried ovoid tuber, somewhat fibrous at apex. Stems usually several, slender, rigid, sinuous, usually branched in upper half, leafy throughout. Leaves 5-15 x 0.1-0.2 cm, linear, entire, the basal with dilated whitish sheaths. Involucre 10-25 mm, up to 40 mm in fruit. Ligules c. 1¼ times as long as involucre, yellow, purplish outside. Achenes 7-12 mm, cylindrical, with smooth ribs, glabrous. Pappus-hairs 2-2½ times as long as achene, plumose, dirty white.

from: Chater, A. O. 1976: 161. Scorzonera L. – Pp. 317-322 in: Tutin, G. & al. (ed.), Flora Europaea 4. – Cambridge. (as Scorzonera pusilla)

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Afghanistannative (AfghanistannativeA,B,C,D,E); Irannative (IrannativeF,G); Kazakhstannative (KazakhstannativeE,H); Kirgizistannative (KirgizistannativeE,I,J); Mongolianative (MongolianativeC,E); North Caucasusnative: presence questionable (Dagestannative: presence questionableK, Stavropolnative: presence questionableK); Palestinenative (IsraelnativeL,M, JordannativeL,M,N,O); Saudi Arabianative (Saudi ArabianativeB); Sinainative (SinainativeP,Q,R); Tadzhikistannative (TadzhikistannativeE,S); Transcaucasusnative (ArmenianativeT, NakhichevannativeK,U,V); Turkmenistannative (TurkmenistannativeC,E,W); Uzbekistannative (UzbekistannativeE,X); West Siberianative (West SiberianativeY); Xinjiangnative (XinjiangnativeE,Z) Asia-Tropical: Pakistannative (PakistannativeAA,C,D) Europe: South European Russianative (South European RussianativeAB)

Common names

(Pakistan): DagamAA; Armenian (Armenia): Թախտաջյանիանթա պստլիկAC,1; Chinese (China): 细叶鸦葱 xi ye ya congE; Hebrew (Israel): הַרְדֻּפְנִין נָמוּךְAD,2, הרדופנין נמוךAD,2; Russian (Armenia): Тахтаджанианта крошечнаяAC,2
1. unassessed, 2. recommended

Bibliography

A. Breckle S.-W. & al., Vascular plants of Afghanistan, an augmented checklist. 2013 (as Scorzonera pusilla)
B. Chaudhary S. A. - 73. Hedypnois - 87. Crepis in Chaudhary S. A. (ed.), Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2(3). 2000
C. Rechinger K. - 26. Scorzonera in Panda S. & Das A. P., Flora of Sambalpur (Orissa). 2004
D. Rechinger K. H., 3. Koelpinia - 8. Geropogon in Fl. Iran. 122. 1977
E. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
F. Heller D. & Heyn C. C., Conspectus Florae Orientalis 8. 1993
G. Safavi S. R. & al. - 77. Asteraceae tribe Cichorieae in Assadi M. & al., Flora of Iran. 2013
H. Pavlov N. V., Flora Kazachstana 9. 1966
I. Akademija Nauk Kirgizskoj SSR, Institut Botaniki, Laboratorija Sistematiki Vysšich Rastenij, Flora Kirgizskoj SSR : opredelitel' rastenij Kirgizskoj SSR. 1965
J. Lazkov G. A. & Sultanova B. A., Kadastr flory Kyrgyzstana: sosudistye rasteniya / Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan. – Norrlinia 24. 2011
K. Tahtadžjan, A. L., Konspekt flory Kavkaza / Conspectus Florae Caucasi 3(1), 2008
L. Danin A. & al., Flora of Israel online
M. Zohary, M. & Feinbrun-Dothan, N., Flora Palaestina 3. 1978 (as Scorzonera pusilla)
N. Al-Eisawi, D., List of Jordan vascular plants in Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 18. 1982 (as Scorzonera pusilla)
O. Taifour H., El-Oqlah A. & (ed.) Ghazanfar S. A., The plants of Jordan, an annotated checklist. 2017
P. Danin, A., Contributions to the flora of Sinai. II. New records in Israel J. Bot. 22. 1973 (as Scorzonera pusilla)
Q. Danin, A., Shmida, A. & Liston, A., Contributions to the flora of Sinai, III. Checklist of the species collected and recorded by the Jerusalem team 1967-1982. in Willdenowia 15. 1985 (as Scorzonera pusilla)
R. Täckholm, V. & Boulos, L., Additions and corrections to the second edition of Students' flora of Egypt in Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb. 7-8. 1977 (as Scorzonera pusilla)
S. Akademija Nauk Tadžikskoj SSR, Botaničeskij Institut, Flora Tadžikskoj SSR 10. 1991
T. Tahtažan, A. L., Flora Armenii 9. 1995
U. Grossgejm, A. A., Flora kavkaza 4. 1934 (as Scorzonera pusilla)
V. Karjagin, I. I., Flora azerbajdžana 8. 1961 (as Scorzonera pusilla)
W. Schischkin B. K. & Nikitin V. V., Flora Turkmenia VII. 1960
X. Kovalevsk. - in Vvedensky, Fl. Uzbekistan. 6. 1962
Y. Komarov, Fl. URSS 29. 1964
Z. C. Shih, Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae 80(1). 1997
AA. Ghafoor A. & al., Flora of Pakistan 222. Asteraceae (IV) Cichorieae. 2017
AB. Fedorov, A. A., Flora evropejskoj časti SSSR 8 [Cvelev, N. N.]. 1989 (as Scorzonera pusilla)
AC. Tahtadžjan, A. L., Flora Armenii 9. 1995 (as Takhtajaniantha pusilla (Pall.) Nazarova)
AD. Avinoam Danin, Flora of Israel Online - http://flora.huji.ac.il