Chondrilla chondrilloides

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Description

Herb, perennial, 10-35 cm high, glabrous or subglabrous. Flowering stems 1-5. Rosette leaves narrowly obovate, linear or narrowly elliptic, 2.0-7.0 cm long, 0.3-0.9 cm wide, entire or dentate, acute to obtuse, petiole-like attenuate with a winged petiole, glaucous on both surfaces. Cauline leaves few, linear or narrowly obovate or narrowly elliptic, entire or dentate, acute to obtuse, petiole-like attenuate with a winged petiole, glaucous on both surfaces, the upper ones reduced to scales. Synflorescence with many heads. Involucre 8.0-11.0 mm long, at flowering 3.5-5.0 mm in diameter; involucral bracts linear or linear-ovate, obtuse. Corolla ligulate. Achenes 5.0-6.0 mm long; beak slightly shorter than the corpus.

Based on: Sell, P. D. 1976: 174. Chondrilla L. – Pp. 343 in: Tutin, G. & al. (ed.), Flora Europaea 4. – Cambridge.

Distribution

Europe: Austrianative (AustrianativeA, LiechtensteinnativeB); Corsereported in error (Corsereported in errorC,D,E,F,G,H,I,J); Francenative: doubtfully nativeD,F,J; Germanynative (GermanynativeJ,K,L,M); ItalynativeJ,N,O,P,Q; Romanianative: presence questionable (Romanianative: presence questionableJ,R,S); Switzerlandnative (SwitzerlandnativeJ,T,U); Yugoslavianative (SlovenianativeV,W)

Common names

French (France): Chondrille fausse ChondrilleX,1, Chondrille faux PrénantheX,2; German (Germany): Alpen-KnorpellatichY,2; German (Switzerland): Alpen-KnorpelsalatZ,2; Italian (Italy): Lattugaccio dei torrentiP,2; Italian (Switzerland): Lattugaccio dei torrentiZ,2
1. synonym, 2. recommended

Bibliography

A. Adler, W. , Oswald, K. & Fischer, R., Exkursionsflora von Österreich. 1994
B. Seitter, H., Die Flora des Fürstentums Liechtenstein. 1977 (as Chondrilla prenanthoides)
C. Coste, H., Flore descriptive et illustree de la France 2. 1902-1903 (as Chondrilla prenanthoides)
D. Fournier, P., Les quatre flores de la France, Corse comprise. 1934-1940 (as Chondrilla prenanthoides)
E. Gamisans, J., Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Corse. 1985
F. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de, Flore de France 4. 1982 (as Chondrilla prenanthoides)
G. Jeanmonod D. & Schlüssel A., Compléments au Prodrome de la Flore Corse. Asteraceae III. 2012 (as Chondrilla chondrilloides)
H. Jeanmonod, D. & Burdet, H. M., Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Corse, ed. 2. 1993
I. Kerguélen, M., Index synonymique de la flore de France. 1993
J. Tutin, T. G. & al., Flora Europaea. 1964-1993
K. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 3. Gefäßpflanzen: Atlasband, ed. 10. 2000
L. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4. Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 8. 1994
M. Wisskirchen, R. & Haeupler, H., Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands. 1998
N. Conti, F., Abbate, G., Alessandrini, A., Blasi, C. (eds.), An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora. 2005
O. Fiori, A., Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2. 1925-1929
P. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982
Q. Zangheri, P., Flora italica 1. 1976
R. Ciocârlan, V., Flora ilustrata a României 2. 1990
S. Popescu, A. & Sanda, V., Conspectul florei cormofitelor spontane din România in Acta Bot. Horti Bucurest. [suppl.]. 1998
T. Aeschimann, D. & Burdet, H. M., Flore de la Suisse, ed. 2. 1994
U. Hess, H. E., Bestimmungsschlüssel zur Flora der Schweiz und angrenzender Gebiete, ed. 4. 1998 (as Chondrilla prenanthoides)
V. Martinčič, A., Mala flora Slovenije, ed. 3. 1999
W. Trpin, D. & Vreš, B., Register flore Slovenije. Praprotnice in cvetnice. 1995
X. Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica], Tela Botanica, le réseau de la botanique francophone. Flores en ligne, France métropolitaine
Y. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4: Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 10. 2005
Z. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C., Index synonymique de la flore de Suisse et territoires limitrophes (ISFS). 1996