Garhadiolus

Primary tabs

Description

Herbs, annual. Leaves mostly rosulate, undivided to pinnatisect. Capitula few to many, cymose on stout branches. Involucre campanulate. Phyllaries in 2 rows; outer phyllaries inconspicuous; inner phyllaries linear-lanceolate, hardened, thickened in fruit. Receptacle naked. Florets yellow. Achene columnar, ± incurved, minutely hairy; outer achenes apically attenuate and partly enclosed by inner hardened phyllaries; inner achenes attenuate into a long slender beak. Pappus white, of scabrid bristles to 1.5 mm.

from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 270. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Distribution

Africa: Egypt (Egyptnative) Asia-Temperate: Afghanistan (Afghanistannative); Cyprus (Cyprusnative); Iran (Irannative); Iraq (Iraqnative); Kazakhstan (Kazakhstannative); Kirgizistan (Kirgizistannative); Lebanon-Syria (Lebanonnative, Syrianative); North Caucasusnative (Chechnyanative, Dagestannative); Palestine (Israelnative, Jordannative); Saudi Arabia (Saudi Arabianative); Sinai (Sinainative); Tadzhikistan (Tadzhikistannative); Transcaucasus (Abkhaziyanative, Adzhariyanative, Armenianative, Azerbaijannative, Georgianative, Nakhichevannative); Turkey (Turkeynative); Turkmenistan (Turkmenistannative); Uzbekistan (Uzbekistannative); Xinjiang (Xinjiangnative) Asia-Tropical: Pakistan (Pakistannative); West Himalaya (Jammu-Kashmirnative)

Common names

Arabic (Lebanon): غَرْهَدْيولُسA,1; Arabic (Syria): غَرْهَدْيولُسB,1; Armenian (Armenia): ԳարադիոլուսC,1; Chinese (China): 小疮菊属 xiao chuang ju shuD; Hebrew (Israel): גָּרַדְיוֹלוּסE,1, גרדיולוסE,1; Russian (Armenia): ГарадиолюсC,1; Turkish (Turkey): SarikiskisF
1. recommended

Chromosome numbers

Diploids, x = 5.G

Bibliography

A. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000
B. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
C. Tahtadžjan, A. L., Flora Armenii 9. 1995
D. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
E. Avinoam Danin, Flora of Israel Online - http://flora.huji.ac.il
F. Güner A. (ed.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). 2012
G. Watanabe K., Index to chromosome numbers in Asteraceae.