Taraxacum fulvobrunneum

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Taraxacum fulvobrunneum

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Description

"Plants small to medium-sized, usually 6–14 cm tall. Petiole purplish green, narrow, narrowly winged, sparsely arachnoid; plant base with dense light brown hairs, tunic absent. Leaves usually patent to prostrate, deep green and suffused brownish purple, usually with dirty purplish mid-vein, oblanceolate in outline, usually (5–) 7–9 (–10) × (1.5–) 2–2.5 (–3) cm, sparsely arachnoid, sometimes pinnatifid but usually pinnatisect, with 3–4 pairs of ± triangular, acute, subrecurved lateral segments 7–10 × 7–12 mm, distal margin straight to slightly concave, usually with several ± triangular little teeth, proximal margin straight, entire; interlobes short, usually 3–8 × 2.5–5 mm, minutely dentate to entire; terminal segment triangular, 1–2 × 1.2–1.8 cm, margins straight or concave, entire or with a few little teeth, base often ± sagittate, basal lobules ± patent, acute. Scapes brownish purple, sparsely arachnoid, ± equalling leaves. Capitulum yellow but later suffused pinkish to purplish, ca. 2 (–3) cm wide, subconcave, imperfectly opening. Involucre dark green, slightly pruinose, to ca. 10 mm wide and rounded at base. Outer phyllaries usually (10–) 14–16 (–20), ± subimbricate, broadly to narrowly lanceolate, 6–9 (–10) × 1.9–3.4 mm, appressed to loosely so, often slightly recurved distally, with a ± white border 0.1–0.4 mm wide, with a ± gradual transition to a relatively broad paler greyish green border and the blackish green middle part, usually suffused pinkish distally, margins ± glabrous, apex ± flat; inner phyllaries 12–14, later to 14–15 mm long, ± flat at apex, of ± equal width. Outer ligules flat, striped grey purplish outside, with greyish apical teeth; inner ligule teeth greyish-green. Anthers polliniferous, pollen grains irregular in size. Stigmas yellow-green, with a dark pubescence outside. Achenes initially fulvous light brown, later pure light brown to deep brown, (4.3–) 4.6–5 × 0.9–1.0 mm, body subdensely spinulose (or partly also squamulose) in upper 1/3, otherwise ± tuberculate to smooth, subabruptly narrowing into a relatively thin (0.2–0.3 mm) cylindrical cone 1.0–1.2 (–1.4) mm long, often with a few spinules at the base; beak (5.5–) 6.5–7 mm, thin; pappus yellowish white, 5–6 mm. Agamosperm."

from Kirschner & al. (2020: 288-289)A

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: Pakistan nativeA; West Himalaya (Jammu-Kashmir nativenativeA,B,C,D)

Bibliography

A. Kirschner J., Štěpánek J., Klimeš L. & al., The Taraxacum flora of Ladakh, with notes on the adjacent regions of the West Himalaya in Phytotaxa 457: 1-409. 2020
B. Ghafoor A. & al., Flora of Pakistan 222. Asteraceae (IV) Cichorieae. 2017
C. Hajra P. K., Rao R. R., Singh D. K. and Uniyal B. P., Flora of India 12. 1995
D. Soest J. L. van , Taraxacum species from India, Pakistan and neighbouring countries in Wentia 10: 1–91. 1963