Scorzoneroides autumnalis

Primary tabs

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Scorzoneroides_autumnalis_A_01.jpg

Distribution

Africa: MorocconativeA Asia-Temperate: Altaynative (AltaynativeB); Buryatiyanative (BuryatiyanativeC); Irkutsknative (IrkutsknativeB); Kamchatkaintroduced (KamchatkaintroducedD); Kazakhstannative (KazakhstannativeE); Khabarovskintroduced (KhabarovskintroducedD); Krasnoyarsknative (KrasnoyarsknativeB,F); Kuril Is.introduced (Kuril Is.introducedD); North Caucasusnative (Kabardino-BalkariyanativeG, Karacheyevo-CherkessiyanativeG, KrasnodarnativeG, StavropolnativeG); Primoryeintroduced (PrimoryeintroducedD); Sakhalinintroduced (SakhalinintroducedD); Saudi Arabianative (Saudi ArabianativeH); West Siberia (West SiberiaB,F) Australasia: New Zealand Northintroduced (New Zealand NorthintroducedI); New Zealand Southintroduced (New Zealand SouthintroducedI) Europe: Albania (AlbaniaJ,K,L); Austrianative (AustrianativeM, LiechtensteinnativeN); Baltic Statesnative (EstonianativeO, KaliningradnativeP, LatviaO, LithuanianativeO); Belarusnative (BelarusnativeQ); Belgiumnative (BelgiumnativeR, LuxembourgnativeS); Bulgarianative (BulgarianativeT,U,V,W,X); Central European Russianative (Central European RussianativeQ); Corsereported in error (Corsereported in errorAA,AB,AC,X,Y,Z); Czechoslovakianative (Czech RepublicAD,AE,AF,AG, SlovakianativeAD,AE,AH); Denmarknative (DenmarknativeAI,X); East European Russianative (East European RussianativeQ); Finlandnative (FinlandAJ,X); FranceAA,AK,AL,X,Y; Føroyarnative (FøroyarnativeAM,X); Germanynative (GermanyAN,AO,AP,X); Great Britainnative (Great BritainnativeX); Greecenative (GreecenativeAQ,X); Hungarynative (HungarynativeAR,AS,X); Icelandintroduced (IcelandintroducedAT,X); Irelandnative (IrelandnativeAU,AV, Northern IrelandnativeAU); ItalynativeAW,AX,AY,AZ,X; Krymnative (Krymnative: reported in errorBA,BB,BC,BD,X); Netherlandsnative (NetherlandsnativeBE,X); North European Russianative (North European RussianativeBF,Q); Northwest European Russianative (Northwest European RussianativeQ); Norwaynative (NorwaynativeBG,X); Polandnative (PolandBH,BI,X); Portugalnative (PortugalnativeBJ,X); Romanianative (RomanianativeBK,BL,X); Sicilynative (SicilynativeAW,AX,BM); South European Russianative (South European RussianativeQ); Spainnative (AndorranativeBN, SpainnativeBO,BP,BQ,BR); Swedennative (SwedennativeBS,BT,X); Switzerlandnative (SwitzerlandnativeBU,BV,X); Turkey-in-Europenative: presence questionable (Turkey-in-Europenative: presence questionableBW,BX); Ukrainenative (MoldovanativeBY,Q, UkrainenativeBZ,CA,Q); Yugoslavianative (Bosnia-HerzegovinanativeCB,V, CroatianativeAX,CC,V, MontenegronativeCD,V, SerbianativeCE,CF,V, SlovenianativeCG,CH) Northern America: Alaskaintroduced (AlaskaintroducedCI); British Columbiaintroduced (British ColumbiaintroducedCJ); Connecticutintroduced (ConnecticutintroducedCI); Greenlandintroduced (GreenlandintroducedCI,CJ); Idahointroduced (IdahointroducedCI); Iowaintroduced (IowaintroducedCI); Labradorintroduced (LabradorintroducedCI,CJ); Maineintroduced (MaineintroducedCI); Massachusettsintroduced (MassachusettsintroducedCI); Michiganintroduced (MichiganintroducedCI); New Brunswickintroduced (New BrunswickintroducedCI,CJ); New Hampshireintroduced (New HampshireintroducedCI); New Jerseyintroduced (New JerseyintroducedCI); New Yorkintroduced (New YorkintroducedCI); Newfoundlandintroduced: adventitious (casual) (NewfoundlandintroducedCI,CJ, St.Pierre-Miquelonintroduced: adventitious (casual)CJ); Northwest Territoriesintroduced (Northwest TerritoriesintroducedCJ); Nova Scotiaintroduced (Nova ScotiaintroducedCI,CJ); Ohiointroduced (OhiointroducedCI); Ontariointroduced (OntariointroducedCJ); Oregonintroduced (OregonintroducedCI); Pennsylvaniaintroduced (PennsylvaniaintroducedCI); Prince Edward I.introduced (Prince Edward I.introducedCI,CJ); Québecintroduced (QuébecintroducedCI,CJ); Rhode I.introduced (Rhode I.introducedCI); Vermontintroduced (VermontintroducedCI); Washingtonintroduced (WashingtonintroducedCI); West Virginiaintroduced (West VirginiaintroducedCI) Southern America: Argentina Southintroduced (Santa CruzintroducedCK); Chile Centralintroduced (ValparaísointroducedCK); Chile Southintroduced (MagellanesintroducedCK)

Description

Perennial herb with a premorse, oblique, usually branched stock and tap-root with fibrous side-roots, each branch of the stock terminating in a rosette of leaves. Stems single to numerous, 2-60 cm, yellowish-green, sometimes tinted brownish-purple, prostrate to ascending or erect, markedly ridged and channelled, often flexuous, glabrous or with sparse simple eglandular hairs, leafless, but with narrow bracts, simple or branched. Leaves few to numerous, all basal, the lamina 15-20 x 0.3-3.0 cm, dull medium green on upper surface with a pale midrib, paler beneath, sometimes flushed reddish-purple especially on the midrib, rarely fleshy, narrowly to broadly oblanceolate, obtuse to acute at apex, entire to remotely sinuate-dentate or deeply pinnatisect, the segments narrowly lanceolate to linear, obtuse or acute at apex, patent or recurved and usually very irregular, gradually narrowed at base to short or medium, winged petioles, sometimes bearing an occasional tooth, glabrous or with few to numerous, sometimes rather stiff simple eglandular hairs. Capitula 1-numerous on each stem, solitary at the ends of branches, 12-40 mm in diameter; peduncles like the stem, with several small, lanceolate, often colourless bracts particularly just below the capitulum. Involucral bracts in several rows, 6-15 x 0.8-1.5 mm, dull green with dark tips, linear-lanceolate, gradually narrowed to an acute apex, usually with some arachnoid hairs, without or with few to dense simple eglandular hairs and minute, whitish, soft hairs. Flowers 4-16 mm, all ligulate, the ligules deep yellow, rarely lemon yellow, the outer usually with a reddish or purplish stripe on the outer face, shortly 5-lobed at apex. Stigmas discoloured. Receptacle slightly convex, pitted, without scales. Achenes 3.5-8.0 mm, reddish-brown to dark brown, cylindrical, slightly narrowed above, transversely muricate; pappus 3-8 mm, very pale brown or grey, of 1 row of plumose hairs. Flowers 6-11. Freely visited by a great variety of insects and automatically self-pollinated. 2n = 12, 24.

from: Sell, P. & Murell, G. 2006: Flora of Great Britain and Ireland 4. – Cambridge.

Common names

Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Есенна жълтицаCL,1; Czech (Czech Republic): Máchelka podzimníCM,1, Podzimka obecnáCM,2; Danish (Denmark): Høst-BorstCN,1; English (Great Britain): Autumn HawkbitCO,1; English (New Zealand): Autumn hawkbitI; English (Northern America): Autumn hawkbitCP; Estonian (Estonia): Sügisene seanuppCQ,1; Finnish (Finland): SyysmaitiainenCN,1; French (Belgium): Léontodon d'automneCR,1; French (Corse): Liondent d'automneCS,1; French (France): Liondent d'automneCT,1, Léontodon d'automneCT,2; French (Northern America): Liondent d'automneCP; French (Switzerland): Liondent d'automneCU,1; German (Germany): Herbst-LöwenzahnCV,1; German (Switzerland): Herbst-LöwenzahnCU,1; Icelandic (Iceland): SkarifífillCN,1; Italian (Italy): Dente di leone ramosoCW,1; Italian (Switzerland): Dente di leone ramosoCU,1; Latvian (Latvia): Rudens vēlpieneCQ,1; Lithuanian (Lithuania): Rudeninė snaudalėCQ,1; Norwegian (Norway): FølblomCN,1; Polish (Poland): Brodawnik jesiennyCX,1; Romanian (Moldova): Капул кэругэрулуй томнатикCY,1; Swedish (Sweden): HöstfibblaCZ,1
1. recommended, 2. synonym

Credits

Willing E. 2012: Images (5 added)

Bibliography

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AH. Marhold, K. & Hindák, F., Zoznam nižších a vyšších rastlín Slovenska. 1998 (as Leontodon autumnalis subsp. autumnalis)
AI. Hansen, K., Dansk feltflora. 1993 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
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AO. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4. Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 8. 1994 (as Leontodon autumnalis subsp. autumnalis)
AP. Wisskirchen, R. & Haeupler, H., Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands. 1998 (as Leontodon autumnalis subsp. autumnalis)
AQ. Dimopoulos P. & al., Vascular plants of Greece, an annotated checklist. Englera 31. 2013 (as Scorzoneroides autumnalis)
AR. Horváth, F. , Dobolyi, Z. K. , Morschhauser, T, Lőkös, L. , Karas, L. & Szerdahelyi, T., Flóra adatbázis 1.2. Taxon-lista és attribútum allomány. 1995 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
AS. Simon, T., A magyarországi edényes flóra határozója. Harasztok - virágos növények.. 1992 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
AT. Löve, Á., Flora of Iceland. 1983
AU. Scannell, M. J. P. & Synnott, D. M., Census catalogue of the flora of Ireland, ed. 2. 1987 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
AV. Webb, D. A. , Parnell, J. & Doogue, D., An Irish Flora. 1996 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
AW. Conti, F., Abbate, G., Alessandrini, A., Blasi, C. (eds.), An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora. 2005 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
AX. Fiori, A., Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2. 1925-1929 (as Leontodon autumnalis var. autumnalis)
AY. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982 (as Leontodon autumnalis subsp. autumnalis)
AZ. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982 (as Leontodon autumnalis subsp. palustris)
BA. Fedorov, A. A., Flora evropejskoj časti SSSR 8 [Cvelev, N. N.]. 1989
BB. Komarov, Fl. URSS 29. 1964
BC. Prokudin, J. N. (ed.), Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. 1987
BD. Vul’f, E. V., Flora Kryma/Flora Taurica 3(2). 1966
BE. Meijden, R. van der, Heukels' Flora van Nederland, ed. 21. 1990 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
BF. Jurcev, B. A., Flora arctica URSS 10. 1987 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
BG. Lid, J. & Lid, D. T., Norsk Flora, ed. 6. 1994 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
BH. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M., in Biodivers. Poland 1. 2002 (as Leontodon autumnalis subsp. autumnalis)
BI. Mirek, Z., Vascular plants of Poland. A Checklist. in Polish Bot. Stud., Guideb. Ser. 15. 1995 (as Leontodon autumnalis subsp. autumnalis)
BJ. Franco, J. Do Amaral, Nova flora de Portugal (continente e Açores). 2. 1984 (as Leontodon autumnalis subsp. autumnalis)
BK. Ciocârlan, V., Flora ilustrata a României 2. 1990 (as Leontodon autumnalis subsp. autumnalis)
BL. Popescu, A. & Sanda, V., Conspectul florei cormofitelor spontane din România in Acta Bot. Horti Bucurest. [suppl.]. 1998 (as Leontodon autumnalis subsp. autumnalis)
BM. Zangheri, P., Flora italica 1. 1976 (as Leontodon autumnalis subsp. autumnalis)
BN. Losa, M. & Montserrat, P., Aportación al conocimiento de la flora de Andorra. 1951 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
BO. Bolos, O. de & al., Flora manual dels països catalans. 1990 (as Leontodon autumnalis subsp. autumnalis)
BP. Bolòs, O. de & Vigo, J., Flora dels països catalans 3. 1995 (as Leontodon autumnalis subsp. autumnalis)
BQ. Willkomm, M. & Lange J., Prodromus florae hispanicae 2. 1865-1870 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
BR. Willkomm, M., Supplementum Prodromi florae hispanicae 2. 1893 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
BS. Karlsson, T. , Förteckning över svenska kärlväxter in Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 91(5). 1998 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
BT. Krok, T. O. B. N. & Almquist, S., Svensk Flora: Fanerogamer och ormbunksvaxter 27, ed. 27. 1994 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
BU. Aeschimann, D. & Burdet, H. M., Flore de la Suisse, ed. 2. 1994 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
BV. Hess, H. E., Bestimmungsschlüssel zur Flora der Schweiz und angrenzender Gebiete, ed. 4. 1998 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
BW. Boissier, E., Flora Orientalis 3. 1875 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
BX. Davis P. H., Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5. 1975 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
BY. Gejdeman, T. S., Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. 1986 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
BZ. Mosyakin, S. L. & Fedoronchuk, M. M. , Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. 1999 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
CA. Prokudin, J. N. (ed.), Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. 1987 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
CB. Beck von Mannagetta, G., Flora Bosnae et Hercegovinae [Flora Bosne, Hercegovine i novipazarskog sandžaka] 4(4) [Slišković, T.]. 1983 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
CC. Nikolić, T., Flora Croatica. Index florae Croaticae, 3 in Nat. Croat. 9, suppl. 1. 2000 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
CD. Rohlena, J., Conspectus florae montenegrinae in Preslia 20-21. 1942 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
CE. Josifović, M. & al., Flora SR Srbije 7. 1975 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
CF. Josifović, M., Flora SR Srbije 10 (Dodatak 2) [Sarić, M. R. & Diklić, N.]. 1986 (as Leontodon autumnalis subsp. autumnalis)
CG. Martinčič, A., Mala flora Slovenije, ed. 3. 1999 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
CH. Trpin, D. & Vreš, B., Register flore Slovenije. Praprotnice in cvetnice. 1995 (as Leontodon autumnalis)
CI. Bogler D. J. - 52. Leontodon in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.), Flora of North America. North of Mexico 19. 2006 (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CJ. Brouillet L., Coursol F., Favreau M. & Anions M., VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CK. Baeza C. M., Stuessy T. F., Tremetsberger K. & Urtubey E. - Lactucaceae in Zuloaga F. O., Morrone O. & Belgrano M. J. (eds.), Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentinia, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay) 2. 2008 (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CL. Andreev, N. & Kozucharov, S. I., Opredelitel na vissite rastenija v Balgarija. 1992 (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CM. Jindřich Chrtek, Seznam vyšších rostlin květeny České republiky (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CN. Anderberg, A. A. & Anderberg, A.-L., Den virtuella floran (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CO. Dony, J. G. , Jury, S. L. & Perring, F. H., English Names of Wild Flowers, a list recommended by the Botanical Society of the British Isles, ed. 2. 1986 (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CP. Brouillet L., Coursol F., Favreau M. & Anions M., VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CQ. Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Jankjavičene, R., Flora baltijskih republik. Svodka sosudistyh rastenij 3. 2003 (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CR. Mauhin, F., Les noms français des plantes vasculaires de Belgique et des Régions voisines . 2007 (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CS. Jeanmonod D. & Gamisans J., Flora Corsica. 2007 (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CT. Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica], Tela Botanica, le réseau de la botanique francophone. Flores en ligne, France métropolitaine (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CU. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C., Index synonymique de la flore de Suisse et territoires limitrophes (ISFS). 1996 (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CV. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4: Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 10. 2005 (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CW. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982 (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CX. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M., in Biodivers. Poland 1. 2002 (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CY. Gejdeman, T. S., Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. 1986 (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)
CZ. Karlsson, T., Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter . 2004 (as Leontodon autumnalis L.)