Reichardia tingitana

Primary tabs


Erect annual, 2.5-10 (-19.3) cm high; stems 1 or more, ribbed, stout, branched or unbranched, variably white-papillose or glabrous, or plant almost stemless; leaves pale grey-green, usually forming a pseudo-rosette, the basal most commonly obovate in outline, 15-80 mm long, 4-16 mm wide; leaf-blade tapering to winged petiole or subpetiolate with a widened clasping base (sometimes the petiole is so broadly winged that the leaf appears to be sessile); apex obtuse to acute, spinulose, margins subentire or more usually regularly or irregularly, shallowly or coarsely dentate to pinnatifid, lobes toothed and spinulose, surrounded by a narrow, usually white, cartilaginous border from which arise white spinules of varying length; cauline leaves sessile, ovate, lanceolate or oblong, 5-14.2 cm long, 2.2-6.5 cm wide, the uppermost much smaller, with broad, clasping, often ,I auricled, bases; apex obtuse to acuminate, margins shallowly or more deeply toothed or lobed, furnished with spinules like basal leaves; midrib often densely white-spinulose, sometimes with scattered multicellular hairs towards the base of the upper surface; peduncles 0.9-5.6 cm long to first node, 4-5 mm diam. at widest point, ebracteate except for 1 or 2 bracts at extreme tip; bracts with scarious margins, glabrous; capitula usually solitary, on an unbranched peduncle, or at ends of branches; involucre cylindrical, about 1 cm long, phyllaries erect, commonly 3-4-seriate, glabrous, or rarely the outer and middle series pubescent in the upper half, all with conspicuous scarious margins to 1.5 mm wide, and with a cushion of minute hairs inside at base of mucro; outer phyllaries ovate-cordate, 5-6 mm long, 4-6 mm wide, acute; middle phyllaries oblong, emarginate, mucronate or cuspidate, 8-10 mm long, 4-6 mm wide; inner phyllaries lanceolate, 10-14 mm long, 2-4 mm wide; florets golden-yellow with purple bases, tube of floret very slender, 1/3 to 1/2 the floret-length, apex of tube densely hairy on outer surface; ligule elliptic, with 3-5 apical teeth and 5 veins, about 15 mm long, 1.5-2 mm wide; stamens inserted just below mouth of tube; anthers linear to narrowly elliptic, 2.5-3 mm long, with well-developed anther-collars at base, tails closely adpressed, abruptly tapering, acute; appendages oblong, obtuse or rounded, not constricted at junction with thecae; style forked, the branches usually spreading, the apical 2.5-4 mm slightly swollen and minutely pubescent. Outer achenes subcylindrical or oblong, somewhat curved lengthwise, 2.5-3 mm long, 1 mm wide, transversely rugose-verrucose, truncate, with slight but distinct collar or rim and scar; inner obconical, smooth to slightly wrinkled, 3.5-4 mm long, 1-1.5 mm wide; pappus 7.5-10 mm long. Fl. March-May.

from: Halliday, P. 1985: 74. Reichardia – Pp. 1032-1035 in: Meikle, R. D. 1985: Flora of Cyprus 2. – Kew.


Africa: Algeria (AlgerianativeA,B,C); Canary Is. (Canary Is.nativeD); Egypt (EgyptnativeE,F,G,H); Libya (LibyanativeA,I,J,K,L); MorocconativeA,M,N,O,P,Q,R; Tunisia (TunisianativeA,S,T) Asia-Temperate: Afghanistan (AfghanistannativeU,V); Cyprus (CyprusnativeE,W,X); East Aegean Is. (East Aegean Is.nativeY); Gulf States (QatarnativeAA,Z, United Arab EmiratesnativeAB); Iran (IrannativeAC,AD,V); Iraq (IraqnativeV); Lebanon-Syria (SyrianativeAE,AF,E); Oman (OmannativeAG); Palestine (IsraelnativeAF,AH,AI,AJ,AK, JordannativeAH,AK,AL,AM,AN); Saudi Arabia (Saudi ArabianativeAO); Sinai (SinainativeAF,AI,E,F,H); Turkey (TurkeyE,Y) Asia-Tropical: India (PunjabnativeAC); Pakistan (PakistannativeAP,V) Australasia: New South Wales (Australian Capital TerritoryintroducedAQ, New South WalesintroducedAQ,AR,AS,AT); South Australia (South AustraliaintroducedAQ,AR,AT,AU); Victoria (VictoriaintroducedAQ,AR,AT,AU); Western Australia (Western AustraliaintroducedAQ,AR,AT,AU) Europe: Baleares (BalearesnativeAV,AW,AX,AY,AZ,BA); Greece (GreecenativeBA,BB,BC,E); ItalyintroducedBD; Kriti (KritinativeBA,BE,BF,BG); SicilynativeBA (SicilyBD,BH,BI,BJ,BK); SpainnativeAZ,BA (SpainnativeAV,AW,BL,BM,BN)


Al-Gharaibeh M. 2010: Images (1 added)
Christodoulou C. S. 2009: Images (2 added)
Makris C. 2009: Images (4 added).

Common names

Arabic (Saudi Arabia): MaknanBO, MurarBO; Arabic (Syria): عَدَيْدBP,1, لُبَيْـنBP,1, نُقْدBP,1; Arabic (United Arab Emirates): baqrwBQ, halawla'BQ, huwahBQ, maknanBQ, morrarBQ, mutraneeBQ; English (Australia): False Sow-ThistleAU, False SowthistleAR,AT, False sow-thistleAQ, ReichardiaAR,AU, reichardiaAQ; English (United Arab Emirates): poppy-leaved reichardiaBQ; Hebrew (Israel): תַּמְרִיר מָרוֹקָנִיBR,1, תמריר מרוקניBR,1; Italian (Italy): Grattalingua marocchinaBJ,1; Somali (Tanzania): BurdidBS; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): CosconillaAZ, LechuguillaAZ, Lechuguilla dulceAZ
1. recommended


A. Ozenda, P., Flore du Sahara, ed. 2. 1977 (as Picridium orientale)
B. Quézel, P. & Santa, S., Nouvelle flore de l'Algérie et des régions désertiques méridionales 2. 1963
C. Quézel, P. & Santa, S., Nouvelle flore de l'Algérie et des régions désertiques méridionales 2. 1963 (as Reichardia tingitana subsp. discolor)
D. Hansen A. & Sunding P., Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4th revised edition in Sommerfeltia 17. 1994
E. Boissier, E., Flora Orientalis 3. 1875 (as Picridium tingitanum)
F. Boulos, L., Flora of Egypt 3. 2002
G. Täckholm, V., Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. 1974
H. Täckholm, V., Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. 1974 (as Reichardia tingitana var. arabica)
I. Boulos, L., A check-list of the Libyan flora 3. Compositae (by C. Jeffrey). in Candollea 34. 1979
J. Jafri, S. M. H. & El-Gadi, A. , Flora of Libya 107. 1983
K. Pampanini, R., Prodromo della flora cirenaica. 1931
L. Pampanini, R., Prodromo della flora cirenaica. 1931 (as Reichardia tingitana var. orientalis)
M. Jahandiez, E. & Maire, R., Catalogue des plantes du Maroc 3. 1934
N. Jahandiez, E. & Maire, R., Catalogue des plantes du Maroc 3. 1934 (as Reichardia tingitana subsp. discolor)
O. Nègre, R. , Petite flore des régions arides du Maroc occidental 2. 1962
P. Nègre, R. , Petite flore des régions arides du Maroc occidental 2. 1962 (as Reichardia tingitana subsp. discolor)
Q. Ozenda, P., Flore du Sahara, ed. 2. 1977
R. Valdés, B., Rejdali, M., Achhal El Khadmiri, A., Jury, S. L. & Montserrat, J. M., Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d’identification 2. 2002
S. Pottier-Alapetite, G., Flore de la Tunisie. Angiospermes-Dicotyledones 2. Gamopetales 2. 1981
T. Pottier-Alapetite, G., Flore de la Tunisie. Angiospermes-Dicotyledones 2. Gamopetales 2. 1981 (as Reichardia tingitana subsp. discolor)
U. Breckle S.-W. & al., Vascular plants of Afghanistan, an augmented checklist. 2013 (as Reichardia tingitana)
V. Rechinger K. H., 14. Garhadiolus - 18. Reichardia in Fl. Iran. 122. 1977 (as Reichardia orientalis (L.) Hochr.)
W. Meikle, R. D., Flora of Cyprus 2. 1985
X. Osorio-Tafall, B. H. & Serafim, G. M., List of the vascular plants of Cyprus. 1973 (as Reichardia orientalis)
Y. Davis P. H., Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5. 1975
Z. Abdel Bary E. M. M., The flora of Qatar. 2012: 211 (as Reichardia picroides (L.) Roth)
AA. Abdel Bary E. M. M., The flora of Qatar. 2012: 213
AB. Feulner G. R., The flora of the Ru'us al-Jibal in Tribulus 19. 2011 (as Reichardia tingitana)
AC. Gallego M. J., Talavera S. & Silvestre S., Revision del genero Reichardia Roth (Compositae) in Lagascalia 9(2). 1980
AD. Safavi S. R. & al. - 77. Asteraceae tribe Cichorieae in Assadi M. & al., Flora of Iran. 2013 (as Reichardia orientalis (L.) Hochr.)
AE. Mouterde, P., Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. Texte 3. 1978-1984
AF. Post, G. E. , Flora of Syria, Palestine and Sinai 2. 1933 (as Reichardia tingitana var. orientalis)
AG. Kilian N. & Ghazanfar S. - Asteraceae in Ghazanfar S., Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. – Scripta Bot. Belg. 55. 2015
AH. Danin A. & al., Flora of Israel online
AI. Post, G. E. , Flora of Syria, Palestine and Sinai 2. 1933
AJ. Post, G. E. , Flora of Syria, Palestine and Sinai 2. 1933 (as Reichardia tingitana var. arabica)
AK. Zohary, M. & Feinbrun-Dothan, N., Flora Palaestina 3. 1978
AL. Al-Eisawi, D., List of Jordan vascular plants in Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 18. 1982
AM. Kasapligil, B., Plants of Jordan with notes on their ecology and economic uses. 1956 (as Reichardia orientalis)
AN. Taifour H., El-Oqlah A. & (ed.) Ghazanfar S. A., The plants of Jordan, an annotated checklist. 2017
AO. Mandaville J. P., Flora of Eastern Saudi Arabia. 1990
AP. Ghafoor A. & al., Flora of Pakistan 222. Asteraceae (IV) Cichorieae. 2017
AQ. Jesso J. P. & Toelken H. R., Flora of South Australia, ed. 4, 3. 1986
AR. Cunningham G. M., Mulham W. E., Milthorpe P. L. & Leigh J. H., Plants of Western New South Wales. 1981
AS. Mavrodiev E. V., Soltis D. E. & Alexeev Y. E., Diagnostics of Tragopogon x crantzii Dichtl (T. dubius Scop. x T. Orientalis L.), a new nothospecies for Russian flora, and taxonomic independence of T. orientalis L.: evidence from the ITS sequence data i...
AT. Murray L. - 168. Tragopogon - 177. Youngia in Harden G. J., Flora of New South Wales 3. 1992
AU. Jeanes J. A. - 18. Chondrilla - 32. Tragopogon in Walsh N. G. & Entwisle T. J., Flora of Victoria 4. 1999
AV. Bolos, O. de & al., Flora manual dels països catalans. 1990
AW. Bolòs, O. de & Vigo, J., Flora dels països catalans 3. 1995
AX. Duvigneaud, J., Catalogue provisoire de la flore des Baléares [ed. 2] in Soc. Échange Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Médit. 17, suppl. 1979
AY. Knoche, H., Flora balearica 2. 1922 (as Picridium tingitanum)
AZ. Talavera S. & al. (ed.), Flora iberica 16(2). Compositae (partim). 2017
BA. Tutin, T. G. & al., Flora Europaea. 1964-1993
BB. Halácsy, E. de, Conspectus florae graecae 2. 1902 (as Picridium tingitanum)
BC. Hayek, A. von, Prodromus florae peninsulae balcanicae, 2 in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2). 1928-1931
BD. Fiori, A., Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2. 1925-1929 (as Reichardia tingitana var. tingitana)
BE. Dimopoulos P. & al., Vascular plants of Greece, an annotated checklist. Englera 31. 2013 (as Reichardia tingitana)
BF. Jahn, R. & Schönfelder, P., Exkursionsflora für Kreta. 1995 (as Reichardia orientalis)
BG. Rechinger, K. H., Flora Aegaea. Flora der Inseln und Halbinseln des Ägäischen Meeres in Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 105(1). 1944
BH. Conti, F., Abbate, G., Alessandrini, A., Blasi, C. (eds.), An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora. 2005
BI. Fiori, A., Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2. 1925-1929 (as Reichardia tingitana var. orientalis)
BJ. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982
BK. Zangheri, P., Flora italica 1. 1976
BL. Valdes, B., Talavera, S. & Fernandez-Galiano, E., Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental 3. 1987
BM. Willkomm, M. & Lange J., Prodromus florae hispanicae 2. 1865-1870 (as Picridium tingitanum)
BN. Willkomm, M., Supplementum Prodromi florae hispanicae 2. 1893 (as Picridium tingitanum)
BO. Chaudhary S. A. - 73. Hedypnois - 87. Crepis in Chaudhary S. A. (ed.), Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2(3). 2000
BP. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
BQ. Jongbloed M. V. D., The comprehensive guide to the wild flowers of the United Arab Emirates. 2003
BR. Avinoam Danin, Flora of Israel Online -
BS. Beentje H. J. - 10. Crepis - 12. Sonchus in Thulin M. (ed.), Flora of Somalia 3. 2006