Reichardia tingitana

Primary tabs

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Reichardia_tingitana_A_01.JPG

Description

Erect annual, 2.5-10 (-19.3) cm high; stems 1 or more, ribbed, stout, branched or unbranched, variably white-papillose or glabrous, or plant almost stemless; leaves pale grey-green, usually forming a pseudo-rosette, the basal most commonly obovate in outline, 15-80 mm long, 4-16 mm wide; leaf-blade tapering to winged petiole or subpetiolate with a widened clasping base (sometimes the petiole is so broadly winged that the leaf appears to be sessile); apex obtuse to acute, spinulose, margins subentire or more usually regularly or irregularly, shallowly or coarsely dentate to pinnatifid, lobes toothed and spinulose, surrounded by a narrow, usually white, cartilaginous border from which arise white spinules of varying length; cauline leaves sessile, ovate, lanceolate or oblong, 5-14.2 cm long, 2.2-6.5 cm wide, the uppermost much smaller, with broad, clasping, often ,I auricled, bases; apex obtuse to acuminate, margins shallowly or more deeply toothed or lobed, furnished with spinules like basal leaves; midrib often densely white-spinulose, sometimes with scattered multicellular hairs towards the base of the upper surface; peduncles 0.9-5.6 cm long to first node, 4-5 mm diam. at widest point, ebracteate except for 1 or 2 bracts at extreme tip; bracts with scarious margins, glabrous; capitula usually solitary, on an unbranched peduncle, or at ends of branches; involucre cylindrical, about 1 cm long, phyllaries erect, commonly 3-4-seriate, glabrous, or rarely the outer and middle series pubescent in the upper half, all with conspicuous scarious margins to 1.5 mm wide, and with a cushion of minute hairs inside at base of mucro; outer phyllaries ovate-cordate, 5-6 mm long, 4-6 mm wide, acute; middle phyllaries oblong, emarginate, mucronate or cuspidate, 8-10 mm long, 4-6 mm wide; inner phyllaries lanceolate, 10-14 mm long, 2-4 mm wide; florets golden-yellow with purple bases, tube of floret very slender, 1/3 to 1/2 the floret-length, apex of tube densely hairy on outer surface; ligule elliptic, with 3-5 apical teeth and 5 veins, about 15 mm long, 1.5-2 mm wide; stamens inserted just below mouth of tube; anthers linear to narrowly elliptic, 2.5-3 mm long, with well-developed anther-collars at base, tails closely adpressed, abruptly tapering, acute; appendages oblong, obtuse or rounded, not constricted at junction with thecae; style forked, the branches usually spreading, the apical 2.5-4 mm slightly swollen and minutely pubescent. Outer achenes subcylindrical or oblong, somewhat curved lengthwise, 2.5-3 mm long, 1 mm wide, transversely rugose-verrucose, truncate, with slight but distinct collar or rim and scar; inner obconical, smooth to slightly wrinkled, 3.5-4 mm long, 1-1.5 mm wide; pappus 7.5-10 mm long. Fl. March-May.

from: Halliday, P. 1985: 74. Reichardia – Pp. 1032-1035 in: Meikle, R. D. 1985: Flora of Cyprus 2. – Kew.

Distribution

Africa: Algeria (AlgerianativeA,B,C); Canary Is. (Canary Is.nativeD); Egypt (EgyptnativeE,F,G,H); Libya (LibyanativeA,I,J,K,L); MorocconativeA,M,N,O,P,Q,R; Tunisia (TunisianativeA,S,T) Asia-Temperate: Afghanistan (AfghanistannativeU,V); Cyprus (CyprusnativeE,W,X); East Aegean Is. (East Aegean Is.nativeY); Gulf States (QatarnativeAA,Z, United Arab EmiratesnativeAB); Iran (IrannativeAC,AD,V); Iraq (IraqnativeV); Lebanon-Syria (SyrianativeAE,AF,E); Oman (OmannativeAG); Palestine (IsraelnativeAF,AH,AI,AJ,AK, JordannativeAH,AK,AL,AM,AN); Saudi Arabia (Saudi ArabianativeAO); Sinai (SinainativeAF,AI,E,F,H); Turkey (TurkeyE,Y) Asia-Tropical: India (PunjabnativeAC); Pakistan (PakistannativeAP,V) Australasia: New South Wales (Australian Capital TerritoryintroducedAQ, New South WalesintroducedAQ,AR,AS,AT); South Australia (South AustraliaintroducedAQ,AR,AT,AU); Victoria (VictoriaintroducedAQ,AR,AT,AU); Western Australia (Western AustraliaintroducedAQ,AR,AT,AU) Europe: Baleares (BalearesnativeAV,AW,AX,AY,AZ,BA); Greece (GreecenativeBA,BB,BC,E); ItalyintroducedBD; Kriti (KritinativeBA,BE,BF,BG); SicilynativeBA (SicilyBD,BH,BI,BJ,BK); SpainnativeAZ,BA (SpainnativeAV,AW,BL,BM,BN)

Credits

Al-Gharaibeh M. 2010: Images (1 added)
Christodoulou C. S. 2009: Images (2 added)
Makris C. 2009: Images (4 added).

Common names

Arabic (Saudi Arabia): MaknanBO, MurarBO; Arabic (Syria): عَدَيْدBP,1, لُبَيْـنBP,1, نُقْدBP,1; Arabic (United Arab Emirates): baqrwBQ, halawla'BQ, huwahBQ, maknanBQ, morrarBQ, mutraneeBQ; English (Australia): False Sow-ThistleAU, False SowthistleAR,AT, False sow-thistleAQ, ReichardiaAR,AU, reichardiaAQ; English (United Arab Emirates): poppy-leaved reichardiaBQ; Hebrew (Israel): תַּמְרִיר מָרוֹקָנִיBR,1, תמריר מרוקניBR,1; Italian (Italy): Grattalingua marocchinaBJ,1; Somali (Tanzania): BurdidBS; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): CosconillaAZ, LechuguillaAZ, Lechuguilla dulceAZ
1. recommended

Bibliography

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C. Quézel, P. & Santa, S., Nouvelle flore de l'Algérie et des régions désertiques méridionales 2. 1963 (as Reichardia tingitana subsp. discolor)
D. Hansen A. & Sunding P., Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4th revised edition in Sommerfeltia 17. 1994
E. Boissier, E., Flora Orientalis 3. 1875 (as Picridium tingitanum)
F. Boulos, L., Flora of Egypt 3. 2002
G. Täckholm, V., Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. 1974
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I. Boulos, L., A check-list of the Libyan flora 3. Compositae (by C. Jeffrey). in Candollea 34. 1979
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L. Pampanini, R., Prodromo della flora cirenaica. 1931 (as Reichardia tingitana var. orientalis)
M. Jahandiez, E. & Maire, R., Catalogue des plantes du Maroc 3. 1934
N. Jahandiez, E. & Maire, R., Catalogue des plantes du Maroc 3. 1934 (as Reichardia tingitana subsp. discolor)
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Q. Ozenda, P., Flore du Sahara, ed. 2. 1977
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AK. Zohary, M. & Feinbrun-Dothan, N., Flora Palaestina 3. 1978
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AO. Mandaville J. P., Flora of Eastern Saudi Arabia. 1990
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BF. Jahn, R. & Schönfelder, P., Exkursionsflora für Kreta. 1995 (as Reichardia orientalis)
BG. Rechinger, K. H., Flora Aegaea. Flora der Inseln und Halbinseln des Ägäischen Meeres in Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 105(1). 1944
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BK. Zangheri, P., Flora italica 1. 1976
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BO. Chaudhary S. A. - 73. Hedypnois - 87. Crepis in Chaudhary S. A. (ed.), Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2(3). 2000
BP. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
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BS. Beentje H. J. - 10. Crepis - 12. Sonchus in Thulin M. (ed.), Flora of Somalia 3. 2006