Sonchus bulbosus

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Sonchus bulbosus

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Sonchus_bulbosus_A_03.JPG

Description

Rosette herb, perennial, 7-55 cm high, with tuberous roots. Flowering stems scapelike, often tinged red, in lower half glabrous, in upper half glandular with black hairs, 13.0-50.0-(60.0) cm long, usually unbranched with a single head or sometimes with 2-4 heads. Rosette leaves elliptic or narrowly obovate, 3.0-30.0 cm long, 0.5-5.0 cm wide, sometimes runcinate, dentate to entire, acute to obtuse, attenuate, glabrous, thinly papery, sometimes glaucous on both surfaces. Cauline leaves usually absent, but sometimes 1-2 near the base. Involucre (8.0)-9.0-15.0 mm long, at flowering (3.0)-6.0-12.0 mm in diameter; involucral bracts linear to oblong, rounded, obtuse or acute, glabrous or blackish glandular, minutely ciliate; outer involucral bracts c. 5.0 mm long, 1.0-1.5 mm wide; inner involucral bracts up to 15.0 mm long. Corolla ligulate, in lower part woolly; tube c. 6.0 mm long; ligule 10.0-12.0 mm long, c. 1.5 mm wide. Anthertube yellowish, c. 3.5 mm long. Style 9.0-10.0 mm long; branches 2.0-2.5 mm long. Achenes fusiform to cylindrical in outline, 3.0-4.0 mm long, 0.4 mm wide, minutely scabridulous, brown, with 4 ribs, scarcely attenuate or truncate. Pappus white, up to c. 8.0 mm long.

Based on: Meikle, R.D. 1985: Flora auf Cyprus 2. Kew (as Aetheorhiza bulbosa ); Sell, P. D. 1976: 165. Aetheorhiza Cass. – Pp. 326-327 in: Tutin, G. & al. (ed.), Flora Europaea 4 – Cambridge. (as Aetheorhiza bulbosa (L.) Cass.).

Distribution

Africa: Algeria (Algerianative); Azores (Açôresnative); Egypt (Egyptnative); Libya (Libyanative); Morocconative; Tunisia (Tunisianative) Asia-Temperate: Cyprus (Cyprusnative); East Aegean Is. (East Aegean Is.native); Lebanon-Syria (Lebanonnative, Syrianative); Palestine (IsraelnativeA,B,C, JordannativeD,E); Turkey (Turkeynative) Europe: Albania (Albanianative); Baleares (Balearesnative); Corse (Corsenative); Francenative; Greece (Greecenative); Ireland (IrelandintroducedF, Northern Irelandintroduced: presence questionableF); Italynative; Kriti (Kritinative); Portugal (Portugalnative); Sardegna (Sardegnanative); Sicilynative (Maltanative, Sicilynative); Spainnative (Gibraltarnative, Spainnative); Turkey-in-Europe (Turkey-in-Europenative); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-HerzegovinanativeG, Croatianative, MontenegronativeH,I)

Common names

Albanian (Albania): Eteorica qeporeJ,1; Arabic (Lebanon): أَثـْيوريزَة بَصَلِيَّةK,1, بَيْض الأَرْضK,1; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): CalabruixL, LleganyosaL, Patata bruixaL, PorcellanaL; French (Corse): Crépis bulbeuxM,1; French (France): Crépis bulbeuxN,1; Galician (Spain): Avelanceira da terraL; Hebrew (Israel): נִיסָנִית הַבֻּלְבּוּסִיןO,1, ניסנית הבולבוסיןO,1; Italian (Italy): Radicchiella bulbosaP,1; Portuguese (Portugal): Condrilha-de-DioscóridesL; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): Avellanas de tierraL, CastañuelaL, ClavellinaL, Escorzonera avellanadaL, PatatillaL, Puerro silvestreL, ZumilloL; Turkish (Turkey): ÇohuzQ
1. recommended

Credits

Willing E. 2017: Images (1 added)

Bibliography

A. Danin A. & al., Flora of Israel online (as Aethorrhiza bulbosa)
B. Post, G. E. , Flora of Syria, Palestine and Sinai 2. 1933 (as Crepis bulbosa)
C. Zohary, M. & Feinbrun-Dothan, N., Flora Palaestina 3. 1978 (as Aethorrhiza bulbosa)
D. Danin A. & al., Flora of Israel online
E. Taifour H., El-Oqlah A. & (ed.) Ghazanfar S. A., The plants of Jordan, an annotated checklist. 2017 (as Aetheorrhiza bulbosa)
F. Reynolds, S. C. P., A catalogue of alien plants in Ireland. 2002 (as Aetheorhiza bulbosa)
G. Beck von Mannagetta, G., Flora Bosnae et Hercegovinae [Flora Bosne, Hercegovine i novipazarskog sandžaka] 4(4) [Slišković, T.]. 1983 (as Aetheorhiza bulbosa)
H. Hayek, A. von, Prodromus florae peninsulae balcanicae, 2 in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2). 1928-1931 (as Crepis bulbosa)
I. Rohlena, J., Conspectus florae montenegrinae in Preslia 20-21. 1942 (as Crepis bulbosa)
J. Vangjeli, J., Flora e Shqipërisë 4. 1999 (as Aetheorhiza bulbosa (L.) Cass.)
K. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000 (as Aetheorhiza bulbosa (L.) Cass.)
L. Talavera S. & al. (ed.), Flora iberica 16(2). Compositae (partim). 2017
M. Jeanmonod D. & Gamisans J., Flora Corsica. 2007
N. Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica], Tela Botanica, le réseau de la botanique francophone. Flores en ligne, France métropolitaine (as Aetheorhiza bulbosa (L.) Cass.)
O. Avinoam Danin, Flora of Israel Online (as Aetheorhiza bulbosa (L.) Cass.)
P. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982 (as Aetheorhiza bulbosa (L.) Cass.)
Q. Güner A. (ed.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). 2012 (as Sonchus bulbosus subsp. microcephalus (Rech. f.) N. Kilian & Greuter)