Tragopogon pratensis

Primary tabs

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Tragopogon_pratensis_Bc_01.jpg

Common names

(Caribbean): MarigoldA, SousouriA, SousouyouA; Albanian (Albania): Lulebrigje e livadhitB,1; Basque (Spain): Okotz-bedarC; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Полска козя брадаD,1; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): InflabouC; English (Great Britain): Goat's-beardE,1; English (New Zealand): GoatsbeardF; English (Northern America): Meadow goatsbeardG; English (Pakistan): Goat's-beardH; Estonian (Estonia): Harilik piimjuurI,1; Finnish (Finland): PukinpartaJ,1; French (Belgium): Salsifis des présK,1; French (Corse): Salsifis des présL,1; French (France): Salsifis des présM,1; French (Northern America): Salsifis des présG; French (Switzerland): Salsifis des présN,1; German (Germany): Wiesen-BocksbartO,1; German (Switzerland): HabermarkN,1, Wiesen-BocksbartN,1; Icelandic (Iceland): HafursskeggfífillP; Italian (Italy): BaciapretiQ,1, Barba di Becco comuneQ,1, SalseficaQ,1; Italian (Switzerland): Barba di Becco pratenseN,1; Latvian (Latvia): Pļavas plostbārdisI,1; Lithuanian (Lithuania): Pievinis pūtelisI,1; Norwegian (Norway): GeitskjeggJ,1; Polish (Poland): Kozibród łąkowyR,1; Spanish; Castilian (Puerto Rico): Margarita de las rocasA; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): Barba capruna (de prados)C, BarbajaC, BarbonC, LecherinaC, LechugaC, Roseta calzadaC, YocaC; Swedish (Sweden): HaverrotJ,2, ÄngshaverrotS,1
1. recommended, 2. synonym

Description

Biennial. Root vertical, robust, cylindrical, with numerous slender and short lateral roots; root collar covered with fibres. Plants glabrous, 30-90(120) cm high; stems simple or branched, straight, mostly robust, sometimes coloured. Leaves long, linear or lanceolate-linear, basally semiamplexicaul, broadened and abruptly narrowed, finely long-acuminate, sometimes undulate along margin, almost carinate in upper part; middle and upper cauline leaves much shorter than lower ones. Peduncles long, significantly exceeding leaves, straight, glabrous; not thickened below capitula. Capitula solitary terminal on stem and branches, at flowering 2.5-3 cm long, 12-20 mm wide, elongated at fruiting. Involucral bracts 8-10, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 2.5-4 cm long, 8-12 mm wide, long-acuminate, sometimes brown or pale in lower part, sometimes shorter than peripheral florets and achenes, white-bordered. Receptacle glabrous, initially flat, later on weakly convex, punctate-alveolate. Florets light yellow; anthers yellow, sometimes turning black at apex. Achenes with pappus 3-4 cm long, without pappus 2-2.3 cm long, blackish or brownish-gray; body of achene slightly curved, sulcate, scabrous due to small subobtuse tubercles along ribs, somewhat thick, about 1.1 cm long, abruptly narrowed into 0.8-1 cm-long, slender and smooth beak as long as body of achene, not swollen at apex, and with hairy annulus; pappus 1-1.5 cm long, shorter than achene with beak, whitish.

from: Bobrov, E. G. & Tzvelev, N. N. (ed.) 2000: Flora of the USSR XXIX, Compositae, Tribe Cichorieae. – Enfield.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Kazakhstan (KazakhstannativeT); North Caucasus; Turkey (Turkeynative); Xinjiang (XinjiangnativeU) Asia-Tropical: Pakistan (PakistannativeH,V); West Himalaya (Himachal PradeshnativeW) Australasia: New Zealand South (New Zealand SouthintroducedF,X) Europe: Albania (Albanianative); AustrianativeY (Austrianative, Liechtensteinnative); Baltic States (Estonianative, Kaliningradnative, Latvianative, Lithuanianative); Belarus (Belarusnative); BelgiumnativeY (Belgiumnative, Luxembourgnative); Bulgaria (Bulgarianative); Central European Russia (Central European Russianative); Corse (Corseintroduced); CzechoslovakiaY (Czech Republicnative, Slovakianative); Denmark (Denmarknative); East European Russia (East European Russia); Finland (Finlandnative); Francenative; Germany (Germanynative); Great Britain (Great BritainnativeY); Greece (Greecenative); Hungary (Hungary); Iceland (IcelandintroducedP); IrelandnativeY (IrelandnativeAA,Z, Northern IrelandnativeZ); Italynative; Krym (Krymnative); Netherlands (Netherlandsnative); North European Russia (North European Russiaintroduced); Northwest European Russia (Northwest European Russianative); Norway (Norwaynative); Poland (Polandnative); Romania (Romanianative: reported in error); SpainnativeC,Y (Spainnative); Sweden (Swedennative); Switzerland (Switzerlandnative); Turkey-in-Europe (Turkey-in-Europenative); Ukraine (Moldova, Ukrainenative); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovinanative, Croatianative, Macedonianative: presence questionable, Montenegronative, Serbianative, Slovenia) Northern America: Alberta (AlbertaintroducedAB,G); Arizona (ArizonaintroducedAB); British Columbia (British ColumbiaintroducedAB,G); California (CaliforniaintroducedAB); Colorado (ColoradointroducedAB); Connecticut (ConnecticutintroducedAB); Delaware (DelawareintroducedAB); District of Columbia (District of ColumbiaintroducedAB); Georgia, U.S.A. (Georgia, U.S.A.introducedAB); Idaho (IdahointroducedAB); Illinois (IllinoisintroducedAB); Indiana (IndianaintroducedAB); Iowa (IowaintroducedAB); Kansas (KansasintroducedAB); Kentucky (KentuckyintroducedAB); Labrador (LabradorintroducedAB); Maine (MaineintroducedAB); Manitoba (ManitobaintroducedAB,G); Maryland (MarylandintroducedAB); Massachusetts (MassachusettsintroducedAB); Michigan (MichiganintroducedAB); Minnesota (MinnesotaintroducedAB); Missouri (MissouriintroducedAB); Montana (MontanaintroducedAB); Nebraska (NebraskaintroducedAB); Nevada (NevadaintroducedAB); New Brunswick (New BrunswickintroducedAB,G); New Hampshire (New HampshireintroducedAB); New Jersey (New JerseyintroducedAB); New Mexico (New MexicointroducedAB); New York (New YorkintroducedAB); Newfoundland (NewfoundlandintroducedAB,G); North Carolina (North CarolinaintroducedAB); Nova Scotia (Nova ScotiaintroducedAB,G); Ohio (OhiointroducedAB); Oklahoma (OklahomaintroducedAB); Ontario (OntariointroducedAB,G); Oregon (OregonintroducedAB); Pennsylvania (PennsylvaniaintroducedAB); Prince Edward I. (Prince Edward I.introducedAB,G); Québec (QuébecintroducedAB,G); Rhode I. (Rhode I.introducedAB); Saskatchewan (SaskatchewanintroducedAB,G); South Dakota (South DakotaintroducedAB); Tennessee (TennesseeintroducedAB); Utah (UtahintroducedAB); Vermont (VermontintroducedAB); Virginia (VirginiaintroducedAB); Washington (WashingtonintroducedAB); West Virginia (West VirginiaintroducedAB); Wisconsin (WisconsinintroducedAB); Wyoming (WyomingintroducedAB) Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Buenos AiresintroducedAC,AD, La PampaintroducedAC); Argentina South (Tierra del Fuego (Argentina)introducedAC,AD); Dominican Republic (Dominican RepublicintroducedA,AE); Haiti (HaitiintroducedA,AE)

Credits

Willing E. 2017: Images (3 added)

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