Tragopogon pratensis

Primary tabs

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Tragopogon_pratensis_Bc_01.jpg

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Kazakhstan (KazakhstannativeA); North Caucasus; Turkey (Turkeynative); Xinjiang (XinjiangnativeB) Asia-Tropical: Pakistan (PakistannativeC,D); West Himalaya (Himachal PradeshnativeE) Australasia: New Zealand South (New Zealand SouthintroducedF,G) Europe: Albania (Albanianative); AustrianativeH (Austrianative, Liechtensteinnative); Baltic States (Estonianative, Kaliningradnative, Latvianative, Lithuanianative); Belarus (Belarusnative); BelgiumnativeH (Belgiumnative, Luxembourgnative); Bulgaria (Bulgarianative); Central European Russia (Central European Russianative); Corse (Corseintroduced); CzechoslovakiaH (Czech Republicnative, Slovakianative); Denmark (Denmarknative); East European Russia (East European Russia); Finland (Finlandnative); Francenative; Germany (Germanynative); Great Britain (Great BritainnativeH); Greece (Greecenative); Hungary (Hungary); Iceland (IcelandintroducedI); IrelandnativeH (IrelandnativeJ,K, Northern IrelandnativeJ); Italynative; Krym (Krymnative); Netherlands (Netherlandsnative); North European Russia (North European Russiaintroduced); Northwest European Russia (Northwest European Russianative); Norway (Norwaynative); Poland (Polandnative); Romania (Romanianative: reported in error); SpainnativeH,L (Spainnative); Sweden (Swedennative); Switzerland (Switzerlandnative); Turkey-in-Europe (Turkey-in-Europenative); Ukraine (Moldova, Ukrainenative); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovinanative, Croatianative, Macedonianative: presence questionable, Montenegronative, Serbianative, Slovenia) Northern America: Alberta (AlbertaintroducedM,N); Arizona (ArizonaintroducedN); British Columbia (British ColumbiaintroducedM,N); California (CaliforniaintroducedN); Colorado (ColoradointroducedN); Connecticut (ConnecticutintroducedN); Delaware (DelawareintroducedN); District of Columbia (District of ColumbiaintroducedN); Georgia, U.S.A. (Georgia, U.S.A.introducedN); Idaho (IdahointroducedN); Illinois (IllinoisintroducedN); Indiana (IndianaintroducedN); Iowa (IowaintroducedN); Kansas (KansasintroducedN); Kentucky (KentuckyintroducedN); Labrador (LabradorintroducedN); Maine (MaineintroducedN); Manitoba (ManitobaintroducedM,N); Maryland (MarylandintroducedN); Massachusetts (MassachusettsintroducedN); Michigan (MichiganintroducedN); Minnesota (MinnesotaintroducedN); Missouri (MissouriintroducedN); Montana (MontanaintroducedN); Nebraska (NebraskaintroducedN); Nevada (NevadaintroducedN); New Brunswick (New BrunswickintroducedM,N); New Hampshire (New HampshireintroducedN); New Jersey (New JerseyintroducedN); New Mexico (New MexicointroducedN); New York (New YorkintroducedN); Newfoundland (NewfoundlandintroducedM,N); North Carolina (North CarolinaintroducedN); Nova Scotia (Nova ScotiaintroducedM,N); Ohio (OhiointroducedN); Oklahoma (OklahomaintroducedN); Ontario (OntariointroducedM,N); Oregon (OregonintroducedN); Pennsylvania (PennsylvaniaintroducedN); Prince Edward I. (Prince Edward I.introducedM,N); Québec (QuébecintroducedM,N); Rhode I. (Rhode I.introducedN); Saskatchewan (SaskatchewanintroducedM,N); South Dakota (South DakotaintroducedN); Tennessee (TennesseeintroducedN); Utah (UtahintroducedN); Vermont (VermontintroducedN); Virginia (VirginiaintroducedN); Washington (WashingtonintroducedN); West Virginia (West VirginiaintroducedN); Wisconsin (WisconsinintroducedN); Wyoming (WyomingintroducedN) Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Buenos AiresintroducedO,P, La PampaintroducedO); Argentina South (Tierra del Fuego (Argentina)introducedO,P); Dominican Republic (Dominican RepublicintroducedQ,R); Haiti (HaitiintroducedQ,R)

Description

Biennial. Root vertical, robust, cylindrical, with numerous slender and short lateral roots; root collar covered with fibres. Plants glabrous, 30-90(120) cm high; stems simple or branched, straight, mostly robust, sometimes coloured. Leaves long, linear or lanceolate-linear, basally semiamplexicaul, broadened and abruptly narrowed, finely long-acuminate, sometimes undulate along margin, almost carinate in upper part; middle and upper cauline leaves much shorter than lower ones. Peduncles long, significantly exceeding leaves, straight, glabrous; not thickened below capitula. Capitula solitary terminal on stem and branches, at flowering 2.5-3 cm long, 12-20 mm wide, elongated at fruiting. Involucral bracts 8-10, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 2.5-4 cm long, 8-12 mm wide, long-acuminate, sometimes brown or pale in lower part, sometimes shorter than peripheral florets and achenes, white-bordered. Receptacle glabrous, initially flat, later on weakly convex, punctate-alveolate. Florets light yellow; anthers yellow, sometimes turning black at apex. Achenes with pappus 3-4 cm long, without pappus 2-2.3 cm long, blackish or brownish-gray; body of achene slightly curved, sulcate, scabrous due to small subobtuse tubercles along ribs, somewhat thick, about 1.1 cm long, abruptly narrowed into 0.8-1 cm-long, slender and smooth beak as long as body of achene, not swollen at apex, and with hairy annulus; pappus 1-1.5 cm long, shorter than achene with beak, whitish.

from: Bobrov, E. G. & Tzvelev, N. N. (ed.) 2000: Flora of the USSR XXIX, Compositae, Tribe Cichorieae. – Enfield.

Common names

(Caribbean): MarigoldQ, SousouriQ, SousouyouQ; Albanian (Albania): Lulebrigje e livadhitS,1; Basque (Spain): Okotz-bedarL; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Полска козя брадаT,1; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): InflabouL; English (Great Britain): Goat's-beardU,1; English (New Zealand): GoatsbeardF; English (Northern America): Meadow goatsbeardM; English (Pakistan): Goat's-beardC; Estonian (Estonia): Harilik piimjuurV,1; Finnish (Finland): PukinpartaW,1; French (Belgium): Salsifis des présX,1; French (Corse): Salsifis des présY,1; French (France): Salsifis des présZ,1; French (Northern America): Salsifis des présM; French (Switzerland): Salsifis des présAA,1; German (Germany): Wiesen-BocksbartAB,1; German (Switzerland): HabermarkAA,1, Wiesen-BocksbartAA,1; Icelandic (Iceland): HafursskeggfífillI; Italian (Italy): BaciapretiAC,1, Barba di Becco comuneAC,1, SalseficaAC,1; Italian (Switzerland): Barba di Becco pratenseAA,1; Latvian (Latvia): Pļavas plostbārdisV,1; Lithuanian (Lithuania): Pievinis pūtelisV,1; Norwegian (Norway): GeitskjeggW,1; Polish (Poland): Kozibród łąkowyAD,1; Spanish; Castilian (Puerto Rico): Margarita de las rocasQ; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): Barba capruna (de prados)L, BarbajaL, BarbonL, LecherinaL, LechugaL, Roseta calzadaL, YocaL; Swedish (Sweden): HaverrotW,2, ÄngshaverrotAE,1
1. recommended, 2. synonym

Credits

Willing E. 2017: Images (3 added)

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