Lactuca viminea

Primary tabs

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Lactuca_viminea_Bb_01.JPG

Description

Herb, biennial, 35-150 cm high. Taproot tough. Flowering stems erect, ivory-coloured, glabrous, slender, strongly branched; branches simple, spreading-erect. Cauline leaves hispidulous-pilose or nearly glabrous. Lower cauline leaves oblong, 6.0-15.0 cm long, 1.0-6.0 cm wide, runcinate, dentate at lateral lobes; terminal lobe deltoid or oblong, acute; lateral lobes at least 8, oblong or linear. Middle and upper cauline leaves auriculate with long-decurrent auricles adnate to the stem, apically increasingly smaller or reduced to scales. Synflorescence paniculiform. Peduncle very short or absent. Heads with c. 5 flowers. Involucre at flowering narrowly cylindrical, (8.5)-10.0-12.0-(21.0) mm long, 2.0-2.5 mm in diameter; outer involucral bracts ovate, 3.0-4.0 mm long, 1.0-1.5 mm wide, apically tinged purple, margin minutely ciliate; inner involucral bracts linear, up to 12.0 mm long, 1.5 mm wide. Flowers opening at midday. Corolla ligulate, yellow and tinged red externally, glabrous; tube c. 7.0 mm long; ligule 9.0-10.0 mm long, 2.5-3.0 mm wide. Anthertube yellow, 4.0-4.5 mm long; apical appendages obtuse. Style c. 15.0 mm long; branches c. 1.5 mm long. Achenes strongly compressed, 9.5-15.0 mm long, 1.3 mm wide, scabridulous, blackish, with 14 ribs, attenuate into an ill-defined beak, ending in a distinct apical disk; beak 4.5-6.0 mm long, about as long as the corpus, of the same colour as the corpus. Pappus white, 4.5-10.5 mm long, fragile, minutely scabrid.

Based on: Jeffrey, C. 1975: Flora auf Turkey 5. - Edinburgh (as Scariola viminea); Meikle, R.D. 1985: Flora auf Cyprus 2. - Kew (as Scariola viminea).

Distribution

Africa: Algeria (AlgerianativeA); Canary Is. (Canary Is.native: doubtfully nativeB); Libya (LibyaintroducedC); Morocconative; Tunisia (TunisianativeD) Asia-Temperate: Afghanistan (AfghanistannativeE); Cyprus (CyprusnativeF,G,H); East Aegean Is. (East Aegean Is.native); Iran (IrannativeI,J,K); Iraq (IraqnativeE,I,J,L,M,N); Lebanon-Syria (LebanonnativeO,P,Q, SyrianativeP,R); North CaucasusnativeS,T,U (DagestannativeV, KrasnodarnativeV, StavropolnativeV); Palestine (IsraelnativeQ,R,W, JordannativeW,X); Saudi Arabia (Saudi ArabianativeY); Transcaucasus (AbkhaziyanativeAA,T,U,V,Z, AdzhariyanativeV, ArmenianativeAB,T,V, AzerbaijannativeAC,T,U,V, GeorgianativeAD,V, NakhichevannativeAC,T,V); Turkey (TurkeynativeAE,AF,O,Q,T) Asia-Tropical: Pakistan (PakistannativeAG,E); West Himalaya (Himachal PradeshnativeE) Europe: Albania (Albanianative); AustrianativeAH (AustrianativeAI); BalearesnativeAJ (BalearesnativeAH,AK,AL,AM,AN); Bulgaria (BulgarianativeAH,AO,AP,AQ,AR,AS); Corse (Corsenative); CzechoslovakianativeAH (Czech RepublicnativeAT,AU,AV,AW, SlovakianativeAT,AU); Francenative; Germany (GermanynativeAH,AX,AY); Greece (Greecenative); Hungary (HungarynativeAH,AZ,BA); Italynative; Kriti (KritinativeAH,AQ,BB,BC,BD,O); Krym (KrymnativeAH,BE,BF,O,U); PortugalnativeAJ (Portugalnative); Romania (RomanianativeAH,AQ,BG,BH); Sardegna (SardegnanativeAH,BI,BJ,BK,BL); SicilynativeAH (SicilynativeBI,BJ,BK,BM); Spainnative (Andorranative, Spainnative); Switzerland (Switzerlandnative: presence questionable); Turkey-in-Europe (Turkey-in-EuropenativeAE,AH,BD,BN,BO,O); Ukraine (MoldovanativeBE,BP, UkrainenativeBE,BQ); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-HerzegovinanativeAQ,BR, Croatianative, MacedonianativeAQ, MontenegronativeAQ,BS, Serbianative: presence questionable, SlovenianativeBT,BU)

Credits

Christodoulou C. S. 2009: Images (1 added).

Common names

Albanian (Albania): Marule thuproreBV,1; Arabic (Lebanon): سْكَرْيولَة سَوْحَرِيَّةBW,1; Arabic (Syria): سْكَرْيولَة سَوْحَرِيَّةBX,1; Armenian (Armenia): Սկարիոլա ճիպոտանմանBY,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Гъвкава салатаAO,1; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): Enciam bordAJ; Czech (Czech Republic): Locika prutnatáBZ,1; French (France): Laitue OsierCA,1, Laitue des vignesCA,1, Laitue effiléeCA,1; French (Switzerland): Laitue effiléeCB,1; German (Germany): Ruten-LattichCC,1; German (Switzerland): Ruten-LattichCB,1; Hebrew (Israel): חַסַּת הַשְּׁבָטִיםCD,1, חסת השבטיםCD,1; Italian (Italy): Lattuga alataCE,1; Italian (Switzerland): Lattuga alataCB,1; Russian (Armenia): Скариола прутовиднаяBY,1; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): Cardo lecheroAJ, Lechuga de asnoAJ, Lechuga de caballoAJ, RepóntigoAJ, Ripia blancaAJ; Turkish (Turkey): ÇukurçıtlığıAF
1. recommended

Bibliography

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BP. Gejdeman, T. S., Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. 1986 (as Scariola viminea)
BQ. Mosyakin, S. L. & Fedoronchuk, M. M. , Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. 1999 (as Scariola viminea)
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BX. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008 (as Scariola viminea (L.) F. W. Schmidt)
BY. Tahtadžjan, A. L., Flora Armenii 9. 1995 (as Scariola viminea (L.) F. W. Schmidt)
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