Taraxacum mitalii

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Taraxacum mitalii

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Common names

Chinese (China): 亚东蒲公英 ya dong pu gong yingA

Description

Herbs 8–15 cm tall. Petiole usually purplish to pinkish, arachnoid at base, narrow to narrowly winged; leaf blade grayish green, sometimes suffused brownish purple, ± oblanceolate, 7–11(–13) × 1.3–2 cm, arachnoid but later sparsely so, pinnatisect or less often pinnatilobed, midvein light green; lateral lobes 2–4 pairs, triangular to deltoid, recurved, proximal margin straight and ± entire, distal margin usually denticulate and straight or convex but in inner leaves often concave, apex acute; interlobes short, margin often raised and with a few teeth; terminal lobe triangular-sagittate but sometimes hastate, to 3 cm, margin ± entire or often with incisions or lobules, apex ± acute. Scapes brownish purple, subequaling leaves, arachnoid. Capitulum 2.5–3.5 cm wide. Involucre 8–9 mm wide, base ± rounded. Outer phyllaries 11–14, light grayish green, subimbricate, ± lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, outermost ones 6–7 × 1.5–2.2 mm and 1/2–3/5 as long as inner ones, appressed, some erect-patent, narrow middle part blackish green, border getting paler from pale greenish near middle to whitish green near margin and 0.1–0.3 mm wide, margin subglabrous, apex pinkish and ± callose; inner phyllaries 1.2–1.5 cm, apex ± callose. Ligules yellow; outer ligules outside striped blackish pink; inner ligules with ± yellow apical teeth. Stigmas yellowish green but dark green when dry. Anthers polliniferous; pollen grains irregular in size. Achene light grayish straw-colored brown, 3.9–4.3 × 0.9–1 mm; body ± smooth below, ± densely spinulose above, apically subgradually narrowing into a subcylindric to subconic 0.9–1.1 mm cone, spinules thin and ± erect; beak ca. 7 mm. Pappus white, ca. 5 mm. Fl. late spring to summer. Agamosperm. 2n = 24.

from: Ge X., Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 320. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Tibet nativenativeA,B,C Asia-Tropical: East Himalaya (Sikkim nativenativenativeB,C,D); India (Uttar Pradesh nativeD); Myanmar nativenativeA,C,E; Nepal nativenativeA,C,F

Bibliography

A. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
B. Grierson A. J. C. & Long D. G., Flora of Bhutan 2(3). 2001
C. Soest J. L. van , Taraxacum species from India, Pakistan and neighbouring countries in Wentia 10: 1–91. 1963
D. Hajra P. K., Rao R. R., Singh D. K. and Uniyal B. P., Flora of India 12. 1995
E. Kress W. J., DeFilipps R. A., Farr E. & Daw Yin Yin Kyi, A checklist of trees, shrubs, herbs and climbers of Myanmar in Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 45. 2003
F. Press J. R. & al., Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal; updated online version