Taraxacum rhodopodum

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Taraxacum rhodopodum

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Common names

Chinese (China): 红座蒲公英 hong zuo pu gong yingA; French (France): PissenlitB,1
1. recommended

Description

Herbs to 25 cm tall, medium-sized. Petiole purplish, winged in most leaves; leaf blade deep green, ± broadly oblanceolate, 11–18 × 3–4 cm, sparsely arachnoid, pinnatisect, midvein purplish and arachnoid; lateral lobes 4–6, ± narrowly triangular to narrowly deltoid, usually patent, sometimes subrecurved, proximal margin ± straight and usually entire or rarely denticulate, distal margin usually ± straight or convex and entire or ± denticulate, apex acute; interlobes short, broad, margin denticulate or entire; terminal lobe triangular to helmet-shaped, margin usually entire or with a single incision, apex subacute. Scape brownish purple, overtopping leaves, arachnoid. Capitulum ca. 5 cm wide. Involucre 1.2–1.5 cm wide, base ± rounded. Outer phyllaries 13–16, lanceolate to broadly lanceolate, 13–14 × 2–3 mm, recurved to reflexed, abaxially dark green, adaxially suffused brownish purple, margin ± glabrous, apex flat; inner phyllaries 1.5–1.8 cm, neighboring pairs often fused and then very broad. Ligules deep yellow; outer ligules flat, outside striped grayish green. Stigmas yellowish green. Anthers polliniferous; pollen grains irregular in size. Achene grayish straw-colored brown, 3.2–3.5 mm; body ± densely spinulose above, ± abruptly narrowing into a ± conic 0.5–0.6 mm cone, spinules thin and acute; beak 9.5–10.5 mm. Pappus ± white, ca. 7 mm. Fl. late spring. 2n = 24.

from: Ge X., Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 325. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Image sources

Lindberg 1935: t. 34 (details)C
Jäger & Werner 2005: 732, fig. 9 (details)D

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: China South-Central (YunnanintroducedA) Europe: Baltic States (EstonianativeE,F,G); BelgiumnativeH (BelgiumnativeI); Denmark (DenmarknativeH,I,J); Finland (FinlandnativeH,K); France (FrancenativeH,I,L,M); Germany (GermanynativeH,N,O,P); Netherlands (NetherlandsnativeI); Northwest European Russia (Northwest European RussianativeG); Norway (NorwaynativeH,I); Sweden (SwedennativeH,I,Q,R); Switzerland (SwitzerlandnativeH,S)

Credits

Kalheber H. 2010: Image sources (2 added).

Bibliography

A. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
B. Tela Botanica, Le réseau de la botanique francophone . 2006
C. Lindberg, H., Die Früchte der Taraxacum-Arten Finnlands in Acta Bot. Fenn. 17. 1935
D. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4: Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 10. 2005
E. Eichwald, K. & al., Eesti NSV floora 6. 1978
F. Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Jankjavičene, R., Flora baltijskih republik. Svodka sosudistyh rastenij 3. 2003
G. Marklund, G., Die Taraxacum-Flora Estlands in Acta Bot. Fenn. 23. 1938
H. Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A., Flora europaea 4 [Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Moore, D. M., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A.]. 1976
I. Soest, J. L. van, Les Taraxacum de Belgique – II. (section Vulgaria) in Bull. Jard. Bot. État 31. 1961
J. Hansen, K., Dansk feltflora. 1993
K. Marklund, G., Die Taraxacum-Flora Nylands in Acta Bot. Fenn. 26. 1940
L. Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica], Tela Botanica. Flore électronique. Flores en ligne, France métropolitaine
M. Kerguélen, M., Index synonymique de la flore de France. 1993
N. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4. Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 8. 1994
O. Uhlemann, I., Die Gattung Taraxacum (Asteraceae) im östlichen Deutschland in Mitt. Florist. Kart. Sachsen-Anhalt Sonderh. 2003. 2003
P. Wisskirchen, R. & Haeupler, H., Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands. 1998
Q. Lundevall, C.-F. & Øllgaard, H., The genus Taraxacum in the Nordic and Baltic countries: types of all specific, subspecific and varietal taxa, including type locations and sectional belonging in Preslia 71. 1999
R. Lundevall, C.-F. & Øllgaard, H., The genus Taraxacum in the Nordic and Baltic countries: types of all specific, subspecific and varietal taxa, including type locations and sectional belonging in Preslia 71. 1999 (as Taraxacum torstenii)
S. Soest, J. L. van, Die Taraxacum-Arten der Schweiz in Veröff. Geobot. Inst. ETH Stiftung Rübel Zürich 42. 1969