Podospermum

Primary tabs

Description

Herbs, [annual or] biennial or perennial, often with woody caudex and rosulate. Leaves pinnately divided, base with semiamplexicaul usually persistent sheath. Involucre cylindric, usually distinctly prolonged toward fruiting. Phyllaries in several series, often subapically corniculate. Receptacle naked. Achene with conspicuous cylindric carpopodium usually 1/5–1/3 as long as achene body. Pappus of strong bristles; bristles softly fimbriately plumose for most of length and apically scabrid.

from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 205–206. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Distribution

Africa: Algeria (Algerianative); Canary Is. (Canary Is.native: doubtfully native); Libya (Libyanative); Morocconative; Tunisia (Tunisianative) Asia-Temperate: Afghanistan (Afghanistannative); Altay (Altaynative); Cyprus (Cyprusnative); East Aegean Is. (East Aegean Is.native); Iran (Irannative); Iraq (Iraqnative); Irkutsk (Irkutsknative); Kazakhstan (Kazakhstannative); Kirgizistan (Kirgizistannative); Lebanon-Syria (Lebanonnative, Syrianative); North Caucasusnative (Chechnyanative, Dagestannative, Kabardino-Balkariyanative, Karacheyevo-Cherkessiyanative, Krasnodarnative, Stavropolnative); Palestine (Israelnative, Jordannative); Tadzhikistan (Tadzhikistannative); Transcaucasus (Abkhaziyanative, Adzhariyanative, Armenianative, Azerbaijannative, Georgianative, Nakhichevannative); Turkey (Turkeynative); Turkmenistan (Turkmenistannative); Uzbekistannative; West Siberia (West Siberianative); Xinjiang (Xinjiangnative) Asia-Tropical: India (Haryananative, Punjabnative, Rajasthannative); Pakistan (Pakistannative); West Himalaya (Jammu-Kashmirnative) Australasia: New South Wales (Australian Capital Territoryintroduced, New South Walesintroduced); South Australia (South Australiaintroduced); Victoria (Victoriaintroduced) Europe: Albania (Albanianative); Austrianative (Austrianative); Baleares (Balearesnative); Belgiumnative (Belgiumnative, Luxembourgnative: formerly native); Bulgaria (Bulgarianative); Central European Russia (Central European Russianative); Corse (Corsenative); Czechoslovakia (Czech Republicnative, Slovakianative); East European Russia (East European Russianative); Francenative; Germany (Germanynative); Greece (Greecenative); Hungary (Hungarynative); Italynative; Kriti (Kritinative: reported in error); Krym (Krymnative); Poland (Polandnative); Portugal (Portugalnative); Romania (Romanianative); Sardegna (Sardegnanative); Sicilynative (Maltanative, Sicilynative); South European Russia (South European Russianative); Spainnative (Spainnative); Switzerland (Switzerlandnative); Turkey-in-Europe (Turkey-in-Europenative); Ukraine (Moldovanative, Ukrainenative); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovinanative, Croatianative, Macedonianative: presence questionable, Montenegronative, Serbianative, Slovenianative) Northern America: Colorado (Coloradointroduced); Kansas (Kansasintroduced); Montana (Montanaintroduced); Nebraska (Nebraskaintroduced); New Mexico (New Mexicointroduced); Texas (Texasintroduced); Wyoming (Wyomingintroduced) Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Buenos Airesintroduced); Argentina South (Santa Cruzintroduced)

Common names

Armenian (Armenia): ՍերմնոտուկA,1; Chinese (China): 柄果菊属 bing guo ju shuB; German (Germany): StielsameC,1; Italian (Italy): ScorzoneraD,1; Polish (Poland): TrzonczakE,1; Russian (Armenia): НожкосемянникA,1
1. recommended

Chromosome numbers

Diploids, x = 7.F

Bibliography

A. Tahtadžjan, A. L., Flora Armenii 9. 1995
B. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
C. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4: Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 10. 2005
D. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982
E. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M., in Biodivers. Poland 1. 2002
F. Watanabe K., Index to chromosome numbers in Asteraceae.