Taraxacum elegans

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Taraxacum elegans

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Description

"Plants ± small, to 10–12 cm tall. Petiole usually pinkish, narrow, often narrowly winged; plant base without tunic. Leaves ± lighter mid-green, usually with pink mid-vein, narrowly oblong in outline, usually (5–) 7–10 × (1–) 1.5–2 cm, subglabrous or glabrescent, usually pinnatisect, with 3–4 (in inner leaves to 4–5) pairs of ± patent to subrecurved, linear lingulate to linear triangular or narrowly triangular, subobtuse to subacute lateral segments, distal margin entire, or denticulate at base, proximal margin ± entire; interlobes 3–4 mm broad, usually with patent teeth or lobules; terminal segment flat-triangular to triangular, rarely to tripartite, usually subobtuse. Scapes bronze-green, suffused purple at base, sparsely arachnoid, ± equalling leaves. Capitulum light yellow, 1.5–2.5 cm wide. Involucre pale green to whitish green, usually 7–8 mm wide and ± rounded at base. Outer phyllaries 11–14, subimbricate, relatively short, as long as 1/3–1/2 of the inner ones, ± lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, usually 5.5–7.5 × 1.2–2.2 mm, ± appressed, middle surface either with a narrow dark green line or a green zone, with a gradual transition into a whitish green part, borders ± white, usually 0.3–0.4 mm wide, apex blackish green and purple, often dark callose or flat; inner phyllaries 10–12 mm long. Outer ligules light yellow, striped pale greyish-purple outside, inner ligule teeth reddish. Stigmas pure yellow. Anthers polliniferous, pollen grains irregular in size. Achenes brownish red, 4.5–4.9 × ca. 1.0 mm, body subsparsely spinulose in upper 1/3, mainly on ridges, otherwise tuberculate, spinules distinct, erect-patent, smaller ones also on basal part of cone, body ± gradually narrowing into a subcylindrical cone 1.1–1.2 mm long, ca. 0.3 mm thick at base, ca. 0.2 mm distally, beak thin, ca. 5 mm long, pappus slightly yellowish white, 4.5–5 mm long. Agamosperm."

from Kirschner & al. (2020: 279)A

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: Nepal nativenativeB,C; Pakistan nativeD; West Himalaya (Himachal Pradesh nativenativeC,E, Jammu-Kashmir nativenativeA,C,E)

Bibliography

A. Kirschner J., Štěpánek J., Klimeš L. & al., The Taraxacum flora of Ladakh, with notes on the adjacent regions of the West Himalaya in Phytotaxa 457: 1-409. 2020
B. Press J. R. & al., Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal; updated online version
C. Soest J. L. van , Taraxacum species from India, Pakistan and neighbouring countries in Wentia 10: 1–91. 1963
D. Ghafoor A. & al., Flora of Pakistan 222. Asteraceae (IV) Cichorieae. 2017
E. Hajra P. K., Rao R. R., Singh D. K. and Uniyal B. P., Flora of India 12. 1995