Scorzonera parviflora

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Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Afghanistannative (AfghanistannativeA,B,C); Altaynative (AltaynativeD); Cyprusnative: presence questionable (CyprusE,F,G); Irannative (IrannativeH,I); Kazakhstannative (KazakhstannativeC,J); Kirgizistannative (KirgizistannativeC,K,L); Lebanon-Syrianative (SyrianativeM,N); Mongolianative (MongolianativeC,O); North Caucasusnative (DagestannativeP, KrasnodarnativeP); Transcaucasusnative (ArmenianativeP,Q,R, AzerbaijannativeP,Q,S,T, GeorgianativeP, NakhichevannativeP,Q,S); Turkeynative (TurkeynativeE,U,V); Turkmenistannative (TurkmenistannativeC,W); Uzbekistannative (UzbekistannativeC,X,Y); West Siberianative (West SiberianativeD); Xinjiangnative (XinjiangnativeC,Z) Europe: Austrianative (AustrianativeAA); Bulgarianative (BulgarianativeAB,AC,AD,AE); Central European Russianative (Central European RussianativeAF,C); Czechoslovakianative (Czech RepublicnativeAG,AH,AI,AJ, SlovakianativeAG,AH,AK,AL); East European Russianative (East European RussianativeAF,C); FrancenativeAE,AM,AN,AO,AP,AQ; Germanynative (GermanynativeAE,AR,AS,AT); Greecedoubtfully present (Greecedoubtfully presentAE,AU,AV,AW); Hungarynative (HungarynativeAE,AX,AY); Krymnative (KrymnativeAE,AF,AZ,BA,BB,T); Romanianative (RomanianativeAE,BC,BD); South European Russianative (South European RussianativeAF,C); SpainnativeAE,BE,BF; Ukrainenative (MoldovanativeAF,BG, UkrainenativeAF,BA); Yugoslavianative (SerbianativeBH)

Description

Herbs 10–60 cm tall, perennial, rosulate, entirely glabrous. Rootstock creeping, ca. 1.5 cm in diam., usually branched. Caudex with or without scarious leaf sheath residues. Stems solitary or few, ascending to erect, unbranched or rarely sparsely branched. Rosette leaves lanceolate or narrowly elliptic to linear, 7–20 × 0.2–1.5 cm, often somewhat fleshy, base attenuate, apex acute to acuminate. Stem leaves few, smaller than rosette leaves, narrowly lanceolate. Capitulum solitary, rarely 2 or 3 per stem and distant. Involucre cylindric, usually 1.5–1.8 × 0.5– 0.8 cm at anthesis, to 2.5–3 × 1–1.3(–1.5) cm in fruit. Phyllaries abaxially glabrous, apex acute to subobtuse; outermost phyllaries ovate to triangular-ovate. Florets yellow, slightly longer than involucre. Achene yellowish, cylindric, 7–9 mm, with smooth elevated ribs, glabrous. Pappus dirty white, 1.5–1.8 cm. Fl. and fr. Jun–Sep. 2n = 14.

from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 201. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.


Perennial or biennial. Plant wholly glabrous; root branched, many-headed, often producing rosette of radical leaves and one or several stems; root collar bare or covered with scales. Stems (10)15-60 cm long, erect or ascending at base, usually hollow, simple, with single capitulum or less often weakly branched, and then with two or three capitula, sparsely leafy, with one to three scaly leaves. Leaves fleshy, slightly curved, with five to seven veins; basal leaves lanceolate or less often elliptical-lanceolate, 7-20 cm long, 5-15 mm wide, acuminate, narrowed at base into petiole broadened at very base into sheath; cauline leaves small, linear-lanceolate. Capitula solitary, less often two or three, rather small, 13-20 mm long and 3-7 mm wide, broadened at fruiting. Involucre glabrous; outer bracts ovate-deltoid, acuminate; inner ones oblong-lanceolate, subobtuse, sometimes with blackish apical spot; all bracts narrow and scarious along margin. Ligulate florets yellow-waxy, very slightly longer than involucre. Achenes 7-9 mm long, glabrous, ribbed, ribs smooth; pappus snow-white, two times as long as, achenes, plumose; five of its bristles longer, barbed above.

from: Bobrov, E. G. & Tzvelev, N. N. (ed.) 2000: Flora of the USSR XXIX, Compositae, Tribe Cichorieae. – Enfield.

Common names

Arabic (Syria): دَبَح صَغير الزَّهْرBI,1; Armenian (Armenia): Խինձ մանրածաղիկBJ,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Дребноцветен кокешAB,1; Chinese (China): 光鸦葱 guang ya congC; Czech (Czech Republic): Hadí mord maloúbornýBK,1; French (France): Scorsonère à petites fleursBL,1, Scorzonère à petites fleursBL,2; German (Germany): Kleinköpfige SchwarzwurzelBM,1; Romanian (Moldova): Скорцонерэ микрофлоралэBG,1; Russian (Armenia): Козелец мелкоцветковыйBJ,1; Slovak (Slovakia): Hadomor maloúborovýAK; Turkish (Turkey): ÇatalkökV
1. recommended, 2. synonym

Threat status

Bulgaria: classified as Critically Endangered CR [B2ab(i,ii,iii); C2a(i)]BN

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