Taraxacum sect. Piesis

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Taraxacum sect. Piesis

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Distribution

Africa: Algeria native; Cape Provinces (Eastern Cape Province introduced, Northern Cape Province introduced); Libya native; Morocco native; Northern Provinces (North-West Province introduced); Tunisia native Asia-Temperate: Afghanistan nativenative; Altay native; Inner Mongolia (Ningxia native); Iran native; Iraq nativenative; Kazakhstan native; Kirgizistan native; Lebanon-Syria (Lebanon native, Syria native); Mongolia native; North Caucasus native (Chechnya native, Dagestan native, Kabardino-Balkariya native, Karacheyevo-Cherkessiya native, Krasnodar native, Severo-Osetiya native); Transcaucasus (Abkhaziya native, Adzhariya native, Armenia native, Azerbaijan native, Georgia native, Nakhichevan native); Turkey native; Turkmenistan native; Uzbekistan native; Xinjiang native Asia-Tropical: Pakistan reported in error; West Himalaya (Jammu-Kashmir doubtfully present) Europe: Austria native (Austria native); Bulgaria native; Central European Russia native; Czechoslovakia native (Czech Republic native, Slovakia native); East European Russia native; France (France native); Greece native; Hungary native; Krym native; Poland native; Romania native; South European Russia native; Ukraine (Moldova native, Ukraine native); Yugoslavia (Croatia native, Serbia native)

Description

Involucre usually narrow at base, 4–6 mm wide, rarely 9–10 mm wide. Outer phyllaries linear to linear-lanceolate, usually appressed to erect, border usually pale greenish or pinkish, narrow, and membranous, apex callose to conspicuously corniculate. Achene only sparsely and shortly spinulose above, gradually to (rarely) subabruptly narrowing into a subcylindric 0.4–1.9 mm cone; beak well developed, 2–7.5 mm. Pappus dirty yellowish to pale pinkish brown. Only sexual, predominantly diploid species.

from: Ge X., Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 320–321. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Common names

Chinese (China): 窄苞蒲公英组 zhai bao pu gong ying zuA

Systematics

Taraxacum sect. Piesis includes nine species distributed from W and S Central Europe through SE Europe, the Caucasus and SW and Middle Asia to the SW Siberia and China. The highest species diversity is found in Anatolia (Kirschner & al. 2020: 233).B

Bibliography

A. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
B. Kirschner J., Štěpánek J., Klimeš L. & al., The Taraxacum flora of Ladakh, with notes on the adjacent regions of the West Himalaya in Phytotaxa 457: 1-409. 2020