Primary tabs



Herbs, annual. Stem solitary, delicate. Leaves narrowly grasslike, margin entire. Synflorescence diffuse. Capitula with few to some florets. Involucre small, cylindric at anthesis, spreading in fruit. Phyllaries in 1 outer and 1 inner series. Receptacle naked. Achene columnar-scorpioid, usually with 5 ribs, abaxially and apically hooked spiny. Pappus absent.

from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 206. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Capitula small, 5-12-flowered. Receptacle glabrous or with less numerous bristles. Involucre one- or two-rowed; inner involucral bracts five to seven, much longer than outer (latter two); involucral bracts spreading at fruiting, vertical during flowering. Flowers yellow, becoming pale on drying, sometimes turning blue. Achenes free stellately spreading, linear-cylindrical, often falcate, with hooked spines or tubercles on dorsal surface, and with tuft of divergent hooked bristles at apex. Annual herbs with linear, filiform or oblong leaves.

from: Bobrov, E. G. & Tzvelev, N. N. (ed.) 2000: Flora of the USSR XXIX, Compositae, Tribe Cichorieae. – Enfield.

Chromosome numbers

Diploids to octaploids, x = 7 (K. linearis up to 2n = 56) and x = 6 (K. macrantha).A


Africa: Algerianative; Egyptnative; Libyanative; Tunisianative Asia-Temperate: Afghanistannative; Cyprusnative; Gulf Statesnative; Irannative; Iraqnative; Kazakhstannative; Kirgizistannative (KirgizistanpresentB); Kuwaitnative; Lebanon-Syrianative; Palestinenative; Saudi Arabianative; Sinainative; Tadzhikistannative; Tibetnative; Transcaucasusnative; Turkeynative; Turkmenistannative; Uzbekistannative; Xinjiangnative Asia-Tropical: Pakistannative; West Himalayanative Europe: Krymnative; South European Russianative; Spainnative; Ukrainenative

Common names

Arabic (Lebanon): كُلْبِنْيَةC,1; Arabic (Syria): كُلْبِنْيَةD,1; Armenian (Armenia): ԿելպինիաE,1; Chinese (China): 蝎尾菊属 xie wei ju shuF; Hebrew (Israel): מַסּוֹרָןG,1, מסורןG,1; Russian (Armenia): КельпинияE,1; Turkish (Turkey): KaşgaldakH
1. recommended


A. Watanabe K., Index to chromosome numbers in Asteraceae.
B. Lazkov G. A. & Sultanova B. A., Kadastr flory Kyrgyzstana: sosudistye rasteniya / Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan. – Norrlinia 24. 2011
C. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000
D. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
E. Tahtadžjan, A. L., Flora Armenii 9. 1995
F. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
G. Avinoam Danin, Flora of Israel Online
H. Güner A. (ed.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). 2012