Taraxacum sect. Macrocornuta

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Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Afghanistannative (Afghanistannative); Irannative (Irannative); Iraqnative (IraqnativeA); Kazakhstan (Kazakhstannative); Kirgizistan (Kirgizistannative); Lebanon-Syria (SyrianativeB); Mongolianative; Tadzhikistan (Tadzhikistannative); Transcaucasus (Azerbaijan); Turkey (Turkeynative); Turkmenistannative; Uzbekistan (Uzbekistannative); Xinjiang (Xinjiangnative) Asia-Tropical: India (Punjabnative); Nepal (NepalnativeC); Pakistannative (Pakistannative); West Himalaya (Himachal Pradeshnative, Jammu-Kashmirnative) Europe: AustriaintroducedD; Central European Russia (Central European Russianative); CzechoslovakiaD (Slovakia); East European Russia (East European Russianative); Germany (GermanyintroducedD); Hungary (HungaryD); Krym (Krym); Northwest European Russia (Northwest European Russia); Poland (Poland); Romania (RomaniaD); South European Russia (South European Russia); Ukraine (Ukraine)

Description

Leaves deep green and suffused purplish or spotted on interlobes, usually thin, not thickened; petiole ± unwinged; leaf blade undivided to pinnatisect in a complicated manner. Outer phyllaries dark green, blackish green, or mid-green but often with a purplish apex or borders or entirely suffused purplish, linear-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, usually arcuate to patent or rarely erect-patent, apex callose to corniculate; inner phyllaries often of unequal width, apex flat to horned. Stigmas usually discolored. Achene grayish straw-colored brown, usually 3–4 × 0.8–1 mm; body ± densely spinulose above, subabruptly to ± gradually narrowing into a subcylindric to cylindric 0.4–2 mm cone, spinule usually long, thin, and erect-patent; beak usually longer than 7–8 mm, thin. Pappus snow white.

from: Ge X., Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 313. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Common names

Arabic (Syria): طَرَخْشَقون أُحادي الغِطاءE,1; Chinese (China): 大角蒲公英组 da jiao pu gong ying zuF
1. recommended

Credits

Kalheber H. 2010: Image sources (1 added).

Image sources

Handel-Mazzetti 1907: t. 1 (habit)G

Bibliography

A. Heller, D. & Heyn, C. C., Conspectus florae orientalis 8. 1993 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum Hand.-Mazz.)
B. Mouterde, P., Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie 3, Texte. 1978-1984 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum)
C. J. R. Press, K. K. Shrestha & D. A. Sutton, Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal. 2000 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum Hand.-Mazz.)
D. Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A., Flora europaea 4 [Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Moore, D. M., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A.]. 1976 (as Taraxacum glaucanthum aggr.)
E. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum Hand.-Mazz.)
F. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
G. Handel-Mazzetti, H. von, Monographie der Gattung Taraxacum. 1907 (as Taraxacum glaucanthum aggr.)