Taraxacum sect. Macrocornuta

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Taraxacum sect. Macrocornuta

no image available

Common names

Arabic (Syria): طَرَخْشَقون أُحادي الغِطاءA,1; Chinese (China): 大角蒲公英组 da jiao pu gong ying zuB
1. recommended

Systematics

Taraxacum sect. Macrocornuta includes an estimated c. 25 species, often sexuals, and is distributed from the SW and Middle Asia to Pakistan and N India. It has never been revised taxonomically. (Kirschner & al. 2020: 238).C

Image sources

Handel-Mazzetti 1907: t. 1 (habit)D

Description

Leaves deep green and suffused purplish or spotted on interlobes, usually thin, not thickened; petiole ± unwinged; leaf blade undivided to pinnatisect in a complicated manner. Outer phyllaries dark green, blackish green, or mid-green but often with a purplish apex or borders or entirely suffused purplish, linear-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, usually arcuate to patent or rarely erect-patent, apex callose to corniculate; inner phyllaries often of unequal width, apex flat to horned. Stigmas usually discolored. Achene grayish straw-colored brown, usually 3–4 × 0.8–1 mm; body ± densely spinulose above, subabruptly to ± gradually narrowing into a subcylindric to cylindric 0.4–2 mm cone, spinule usually long, thin, and erect-patent; beak usually longer than 7–8 mm, thin. Pappus snow white.

from: Ge X., Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 313. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Afghanistan nativenative; Iran nativenative; Iraq native; Kazakhstan native; Kirgizistan native; Lebanon-Syria (Syria nativeE); Mongolia native; Tadzhikistan nativenative; Transcaucasus (Azerbaijan); Turkey native; Turkmenistan nativenative; Uzbekistan nativenative; Xinjiang native Asia-Tropical: India (Punjab native); Nepal nativeF; Pakistan native; West Himalaya (Himachal Pradesh native, Jammu-Kashmir native) Europe: Austria introducedG; Central European Russia native; CzechoslovakiaG (Slovakia); East European Russia native; Germany introducedG; HungaryG; Krym; Northwest European Russia; Poland; Romania introducedG; South European Russia; Ukraine (Ukraine)

Credits

Kalheber H. 2010: Image sources (1 added).

Bibliography

A. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum Hand.-Mazz.)
B. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
C. Kirschner J., Štěpánek J., Klimeš L. & al., The Taraxacum flora of Ladakh, with notes on the adjacent regions of the West Himalaya in Phytotaxa 457: 1-409. 2020
D. Handel-Mazzetti, H. von, Monographie der Gattung Taraxacum. 1907 (as Taraxacum glaucanthum aggr.)
E. Mouterde, P., Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie 3, Texte. 1978–1984 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum)
F. Press, J.R., Shrestha, K.K. & Sutton, D.A., Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal. 2000 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum Hand.-Mazz.)
G. Tutin T. G, Heywood V. H., Burges N. A. & al., Flora europaea 4. 1976 (as Taraxacum glaucanthum aggr.)