Taraxacum sect. Macrocornuta

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Taraxacum sect. Macrocornuta

no image available

Common names

Arabic (Syria): طَرَخْشَقون أُحادي الغِطاءA,1; Chinese (China): 大角蒲公英组 da jiao pu gong ying zuB
1. recommended

Systematics

Taraxacum sect. Macrocornuta includes an estimated c. 25 species, often sexuals, and is distributed from the SW and Middle Asia to Pakistan and N India. It has never been revised taxonomically. (Kirschner & al. 2020: 238).C

Image sources

Handel-Mazzetti 1907: t. 1 (habit)D

Description

Leaves deep green and suffused purplish or spotted on interlobes, usually thin, not thickened; petiole ± unwinged; leaf blade undivided to pinnatisect in a complicated manner. Outer phyllaries dark green, blackish green, or mid-green but often with a purplish apex or borders or entirely suffused purplish, linear-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, usually arcuate to patent or rarely erect-patent, apex callose to corniculate; inner phyllaries often of unequal width, apex flat to horned. Stigmas usually discolored. Achene grayish straw-colored brown, usually 3–4 × 0.8–1 mm; body ± densely spinulose above, subabruptly to ± gradually narrowing into a subcylindric to cylindric 0.4–2 mm cone, spinule usually long, thin, and erect-patent; beak usually longer than 7–8 mm, thin. Pappus snow white.

from: Ge X., Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 313. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Afghanistan nativenativenativeE; Iran nativenativenativenativenativeE,F,G; Iraq nativenativenativeE,F; Kazakhstan native; Kirgizistan native; Lebanon-Syria (Syria nativeH); Mongolia nativenativeI; Tadzhikistan nativenative; Transcaucasus (Azerbaijan); Turkey native; Turkmenistan nativenativenativeE; Uzbekistan nativenative; Xinjiang native Asia-Tropical: India (Punjab native); Nepal nativeJ; Pakistan nativenativeE; West Himalaya (Himachal Pradesh native, Jammu-Kashmir nativenativenativeK,L) Europe: Austria introducedM; Central European Russia native; CzechoslovakiaM (Slovakia); East European Russia native; Germany introducedM; HungaryM; Krym; Northwest European Russia; Poland; Romania introducedM; South European Russia; Ukraine (Ukraine)

Credits

Kalheber H. 2010: Image sources (1 added).

Bibliography

A. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum Hand.-Mazz.)
B. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
C. Kirschner J., Štěpánek J., Klimeš L. & al., The Taraxacum flora of Ladakh, with notes on the adjacent regions of the West Himalaya in Phytotaxa 457: 1-409. 2020
D. Handel-Mazzetti, H. von, Monographie der Gattung Taraxacum. 1907 (as Taraxacum glaucanthum aggr.)
E. J. L. van Soest - 30. Taraxacum in Rechinger K. H., Flora Iranica 122. 1977 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum Hand.-Mazz.)
F. Heller D. & Heyn C. C., Conspectus florae orientalis 8. 1993 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum Hand.-Mazz.)
G. J. L. van Soest - 30. Taraxacum in Rechinger K. H., Flora Iranica 122. 1977 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum f. dissectum Soest)
H. Mouterde, P., Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie 3, Texte. 1978–1984 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum)
I. Gubanov I. A., Konspekt flory vnešnej Mongolii (sosudistye rastenija). 1996 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum Hand.-Mazz.)
J. Press, J.R., Shrestha, K.K. & Sutton, D.A., Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal. 2000 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum Hand.-Mazz.)
K. Hajra P. K., Rao R. R., Singh D. K. and Uniyal B. P., Flora of India 12. 1995 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum Hand.-Mazz.)
L. Soest J. L. van , Taraxacum species from India, Pakistan and neighbouring countries in Wentia 10: 1–91. 1963 (as Taraxacum monochlamydeum Hand.-Mazz.)
M. Tutin T. G, Heywood V. H., Burges N. A. & al., Flora europaea 4. 1976 (as Taraxacum glaucanthum aggr.)