Crepis capillaris

Primary tabs

Crepis capillaris

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Crepis_capillaris_A_01.jpg

Common names

Albanian (Albania): Shmangë kapilareA,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Голостъблена дрипавкаB,1; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): Cabells de terraC; Czech (Czech Republic): Škarda vláskovitáD,1; Danish (Denmark): Grøn HøgeskægE,1; English (Australia): Smooth HawksbeardF,G,H, Smooth hawk's-beardI; English (Great Britain): Smooth Hawk's-beardJ,1; English (New Zealand): HawksbeardK; English (Northern America): Smooth hawksbeardL; Finnish (Finland): HoikkakelttoE,1; French (Belgium): Crépis à tige capillaireM,1; French (Corse): Crépide capillaireN,1; French (France): Crépide capillaireO,1, Crépide verdâtreO,1, Crépide à tiges capillairesO,1, Crépis capillaireO,1, Crépis verdâtreO,1, Crépis à tiges capillairesO,1; French (Northern America): Crépis capillaireL; French (Switzerland): Crépide capillaireP,1; German (Germany): Kleinköpfiger PippauQ,1; German (Switzerland): Kleinköpfiger PippauP,1; Icelandic (Iceland): FálkaskeggR; Italian (Italy): Radicchiella capillareS,1; Italian (Switzerland): Radicchiella capillareP,1; Norwegian (Norway): BrakkhaukeskjeggE,1; Polish (Poland): Pępawa zielonaT,1; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): AlmirónC, Cerraya de cardoC, Chicoria loquillaC, PaciporcasC; Swedish (Sweden): GrönfibblaU,1
1. recommended

Description

Rosette herb, annual or biennial, 10-90 cm high, with taproot. Flowering stems several to 1, erecet to procumbent or ascending, striate, pale green and sometimes tinged purple, hispid, branched or unbranched. Rosette leaves narrowly ovate or narrowly obovate, 5.0-30.0 cm long, up to 4.5 cm wide, runcinate or lyrate-pinnatifid, denticulate, entire or dentate, sometimes mucronate, obtuse or acute, petiole-like attenuate with a winged petiole, glabrous or hispid, green and sometimes tinged purple on both surfaces; lateral lobes ovate and linear, retrorse. Cauline leaves narrowly ovate, acute, auriculate and amplexicaul, glabrous and hispid, apically reduced to scales. Synflorescence corymbiform. Peduncle 5.0-65.0 cm long, tomentose, glabrous or sometimes glandular. Heads with 20-60 flowers. Involucre at flowering cylindrical to turbinate, 5.0-8.0 mm long, at flowering 3.0-6.0 mm in diameter; involucral bracts green, sparsely glandular, tomentose or glabrous, margin mostly scarious; outer involucral bracts linear, appressed to inner; inner involucral bracts linear-ovate, 4.5-9.0 mm long, 0.5-1.0 mm wide, more or less acute. Receptacle flat, pitted, naked. Corolla ligulate, 8.0-12.0 mm long, yellow; tube 2.0-3.0 mm long, pubescent; ligule tinged red. Anthertube yellow, 3.0-3.5 mm long; apical appendages acute, 0.5-0.6 mm long. Style yellow or greenish; branches 1.2-1.5 mm long. Achenes cylindrical or fusiform in outline, straight or curved, 1.5-2.5 mm long, glabrous or scabrous, brownish-yellow or brown, with 10 ribs, attenuate. Pappus white, 3.0-4.0 mm long, caducous, flexible.

Based on: Babcock, E. B. 1947: The genus Crepis 2. – Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 22; Bogler, D. J.: 36. Crepis Linnaeus. – Pp. 222-239 in: Flora of North America Editorial Com. (ed.), Flora of North America 19. – New York / Oxford; Sell, P. and Murell, G. 2006: Flora of Great Britain and Ireland 4. – Cambridge.

Distribution

Africa: Azoresnative (AçôresnativeV,W,X); Canary Is.native: doubtfully native (Canary Is.native: doubtfully nativeW); Cape Provincesintroduced (Eastern Cape ProvinceintroducedY,Z); KwaZulu-Natalintroduced (KwaZulu-NatalintroducedY,Z); Madeiraintroduced: naturalized (Madeiraintroduced: naturalizedAA,W) Asia-Temperate: North Caucasusnative (KrasnodarnativeAB); Turkeynative: presence questionable (Turkeynative: presence questionableAC,AD) Asia-Tropical: West Himalayanative (Himachal PradeshnativeAE, Jammu-KashmirnativeAE) Australasia: Chatham Is.introduced (Chatham Is.introducedK); Kermadec Is.introduced (Kermadec Is.introducedK); New South Walesintroduced (Australian Capital TerritoryintroducedAF,F,G,I, New South WalesintroducedAF,AG,F,G,H,I); New Zealand Northintroduced (New Zealand NorthintroducedK); New Zealand Southintroduced (New Zealand SouthintroducedK); Queenslandintroduced (QueenslandintroducedG); South Australiaintroduced (South AustraliaintroducedAF,AH,G,H,I); Tasmaniaintroduced (TasmaniaintroducedAF,AH,F,G,H,I); Victoriaintroduced (VictoriaintroducedAF,AH,G,H,I); Western Australiaintroduced (Western AustraliaintroducedAF,G,H) Europe: Albanianative (AlbanianativeAI,AJ,AK,X); Austrianative (AustrianativeAL, LiechtensteinnativeAM); Balearesnative: presence questionable (Balearesnative: presence questionableAN); Baltic Statesnative: doubtfully native (Kaliningradnative: presence questionableAO,AP, Lithuanianative: doubtfully nativeAP,AQ); Belgiumnative (BelgiumnativeAR, LuxembourgnativeAS); Bulgarianative (BulgarianativeAT,AU,AV,B,X); Central European Russianative: doubtfully native (Central European Russianative: doubtfully nativeAP); Corseintroduced (CorseintroducedAW,AX,AY,AZ,BA,BB,X); Czechoslovakianative (Czech RepublicnativeBC,BD,BE,BF, SlovakianativeBC,BD,BG); Denmark (DenmarkBH,X); FrancenativeAX,AZ,BI,BJ,BK,BL,BM,BN,BO,BP,BQ,X; Germanynative (GermanynativeBR,BS,BT,X); Great Britainnative (Great BritainnativeX); Greecereported in error (Greecereported in errorAU,BU,BV,BW,BX,X); Hungarynative (HungarynativeBY,BZ,X); Icelandintroduced (IcelandintroducedR); Irelandnative (IrelandnativeCA,CB, Northern IrelandnativeCA); ItalynativeCC,CD,CE,S,X; Krymnative (KrymAP,CF,CG,X); Netherlandsnative (NetherlandsnativeCH,X); North European Russianative: doubtfully native (North European Russianative: doubtfully nativeAP); Northwest European Russianative: doubtfully native (Northwest European Russianative: doubtfully nativeAP); Norwayintroduced (NorwayintroducedCI); Polandnative (PolandnativeCJ,T,X); Portugalnative (PortugalnativeC,CK,CL,CM,CN,CO,CP,CQ,V,X); Romanianative (RomanianativeCR,CS,X); Sicilynative (MaltanativeCT); Spainnative (AndorranativeC,CU, GibraltarnativeCV, SpainnativeBI,C,CW,CX,CY,CZ,DA,DB,DC,DD,X); Swedenintroduced (SwedenintroducedDE,DF,X); Switzerlandnative (SwitzerlandnativeDG,DH,X); Turkey-in-Europenative: presence questionable (Turkey-in-Europenative: presence questionableAC,DI,X); Ukrainenative (UkrainenativeAP,CG,DJ); Yugoslavianative (Bosnia-HerzegovinanativeAU,DK, CroatianativeAU,DL, MacedonianativeAU,DM, MontenegronativeAU,DN, SerbianativeAU,DO, SlovenianativeDP,DQ) Northern America: Alaskaintroduced (AlaskaintroducedDR); Albertaintroduced (AlbertaintroducedDR,L); Arkansasintroduced (ArkansasintroducedDR); British Columbiaintroduced (British ColumbiaintroducedDR,L); Californiaintroduced (CaliforniaintroducedDR); Coloradointroduced (ColoradointroducedDR); Connecticutintroduced (ConnecticutintroducedDR); Delawareintroduced (DelawareintroducedDR); District of Columbiaintroduced (District of ColumbiaintroducedDR); Idahointroduced (IdahointroducedDR); Illinoisintroduced (IllinoisintroducedDR); Indianaintroduced (IndianaintroducedDR); Iowaintroduced (IowaintroducedDR); Kentuckyintroduced (KentuckyintroducedDR); Maineintroduced (MaineintroducedDR); Marylandintroduced (MarylandintroducedDR); Massachusettsintroduced (MassachusettsintroducedDR); Mexico Gulf (VeracruzintroducedDS); Michiganintroduced (MichiganintroducedDR); Mississippiintroduced (MississippiintroducedDR); Missouriintroduced (MissouriintroducedDR); Montanaintroduced (MontanaintroducedDR); Nevadaintroduced (NevadaintroducedDR); New Brunswickintroduced (New BrunswickintroducedDR,L); New Hampshireintroduced (New HampshireintroducedDR); New Jerseyintroduced (New JerseyintroducedDR); New Yorkintroduced (New YorkintroducedDR); North Carolinaintroduced (North CarolinaintroducedDR); North Dakotaintroduced (North DakotaintroducedDR); Nova Scotiaintroduced (Nova ScotiaintroducedDR,L); Ohiointroduced (OhiointroducedDR); Ontariointroduced (OntariointroducedDR,L); Oregonintroduced (OregonintroducedDR); Pennsylvaniaintroduced (PennsylvaniaintroducedDR); Québecintroduced (QuébecintroducedDR,L); Rhode I.introduced (Rhode I.introducedDR); Tennesseeintroduced (TennesseeintroducedDR); Texasintroduced (TexasintroducedDR); Utahintroduced (UtahintroducedDR); Vermontintroduced (VermontintroducedDR); Virginiaintroduced (VirginiaintroducedDR); Washingtonintroduced (WashingtonintroducedDR); West Virginiaintroduced (West VirginiaintroducedDR); Wisconsinintroduced (WisconsinintroducedDR); Yukonintroduced (YukonintroducedL) Southern America: Argentina Northeastintroduced (Buenos AiresintroducedDT,DU, CórdobaintroducedDT,DU); Argentina Northwestintroduced (MendozaintroducedDT,DU, San JuanintroducedDV, San LuisintroducedDT,DU); Argentina Southintroduced (ChubutintroducedDT,DU, NeuquénintroducedDT,DU, Rio NegrointroducedDT,DU, Santa CruzintroducedDT,DU, Tierra del Fuego (Argentina)introducedDT,DU); Boliviaintroduced (BoliviaintroducedDW); Chile Centralintroduced (BiobíointroducedDT, La AraucaniaintroducedDT, MauleintroducedDT, O'HigginsintroducedDT, SantiagointroducedDT); Chile Southintroduced (AisénintroducedDT, Los LagosintroducedDT, MagellanesintroducedDT); Colombia (ColombiaintroducedDX); Costa Rica (Costa RicaintroducedDS); Dominican Republicintroduced (Dominican RepublicintroducedDY); Juan Fernández Is.introduced (Juan Fernández Is.introducedDT); Uruguayintroduced (UruguayintroducedDT)

Credits

Willing E. 2012: Images (3 added)

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