Scorzonera incisa

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Scorzonera incisa

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Description

Erect caulescent perennial, 25-40 cm; rootstock cylindrical, crowned by dead petiole remains. Basal leaves dentate to pinnatifid, 10-23 x 2.4-8 cm (incl. petiole); lamina narrowly to broadly elliptic in outline, irregularly and sparsely arachnoid.. pubescent, usually abruptly contracted below into a 2-5 cm petiole. Stem leaves at most c. 1/2 size of basal leaves. Capitula 1-2(-4) per stem, (35-)40-50 mm long. Inner phyllaries c. 25 mm. Flowers yellow with dark purple tube. Achenes 12-17 mm, deeply sulcate, with warty wings, sometimes swollen above base (galled) so appearing pyriform and stipitate, glabrous; pappus dirty white, hairs short and plumose or longer, barbellate above and plumose below. Fl. 5-7.

from: Chamberlain, D. F. 1975: 102. Scorzonera – Pp. 632-657 in: Davis, P. H. et al (ed.), Flora of Turkey 5 – Edinburgh.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Irannative (IrannativeA,B); Iraqnative (IraqnativeA,C,D); Transcaucasusnative (ArmenianativeE,F, GeorgianativeE, NakhichevannativeE,G,H); Turkeynative (TurkeynativeF,I,J,K,L,M,N,O) Northern America: Georgia, U.S.A.native

Common names

Armenian (Armenia): Խինձ երկգույնP,1; Russian (Armenia): Козелец двуцветныйP,1; Turkish (Turkey): KanıkM
1. recommended

Bibliography

A. Chamberlain D. F. - 102. Scorzonera L. in Davis, P. H., Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5. 1975
B. Heller D. & Heyn C. C., Conspectus Florae Orientalis 8. 1993 (as Scorzonera bulbipes Boiss. & Hausskn.)
C. Heller D. & Heyn C. C., Conspectus Florae Orientalis 8. 1993
D. Rechinger K. H., 3. Koelpinia - 8. Geropogon in Fl. Iran. 122. 1977 (as Scorzonera bulbipes Boiss. & Hausskn.)
E. Tahtadžjan, A. L., Konspekt flory Kavkaza / Conspectus Florae Caucasi 3(1), 2008 (as Podospermum bicolor (Freyn & Sint.) Kuth.)
F. Tahtažan, A. L., Flora Armenii 9. 1995 (as Scorzonera bicolor)
G. Grossgejm, A. A., Flora kavkaza 4. 1934 (as Scorzonera karjaginii)
H. Karjagin, I. I., Flora azerbajdžana 8. 1961
I. Boissier, E., Flora Orientalis 3. 1875
J. Boissier, E., Flora Orientalis 3. 1875 (as Scorzonera bulbipes)
K. Davis P. H., Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5. 1975
L. Grossgejm, A. A., Flora kavkaza 4. 1934
M. Güner A. (ed.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). 2012
N. Komarov, Fl. URSS 29. 1964 (as Scorzonera bicolor)
O. Mouterde, P., Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. Texte 3. 1978-1984 (as Scorzonera bulbipes)
P. Tahtadžjan, A. L., Flora Armenii 9. 1995 (as Scorzonera bicolor Freyn & Sint.)