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Africa: Algerianative; Libyanative; Tunisianative Asia-Temperate: Afghanistannative; Altaynative; Cyprusnative; East Aegean Is.native; Irannative; Iraqnative; Kazakhstannative; Kirgizistannative; Lebanon-Syrianative; Mongolianative; North Caucasusnative; Palestinenative; Saudi Arabianative; Tadzhikistannative; Tibetnative; Transcaucasusnative; Turkeynative; Turkmenistannative; Uzbekistannative; West Siberianative; Xinjiangnative Asia-Tropical: Pakistannative; West Himalayanative Australasia: New South Walesintroduced; New Zealand Northintroduced; Northern Territoryintroduced; Queenslandintroduced; South Australiaintroduced; Tasmaniaintroduced; Victoriaintroduced; Western Australiaintroduced Europe: Albanianative; Austrianative; Balearesnative; Baltic Statesnative; Belarusnative; Belgiumnative; Bulgarianative; Central European Russianative; Corsenative; Czechoslovakianative; East European Russianative; Germanynative; Greecenative; Hungarynative; Kritinative; Krymnative; Polandnative; Portugalnative; Romanianative; Sardegnanative; Sicilynative; South European Russianative; Spainnative; Switzerlandnative; Turkey-in-Europenative; Ukrainenative; Yugoslavianative Northern America: British Columbiaintroduced; Californiaintroduced; Delawareintroduced; District of Columbiaintroduced; Georgia, U.S.A.introduced; Idahointroduced; Illinoisintroduced; Marylandintroduced; Michiganintroduced; Montanaintroduced; New Jerseyintroduced; Ontariointroduced; Oregonintroduced; Pennsylvaniaintroduced; Virginiaintroduced; Washingtonintroduced; West Virginiaintroduced Southern America: Argentina Northeastintroduced


Herbs, perennial [or rarely annual], with or without basal leaf rosette, often broomlike, glabrous or with simple bristles, arachnoid hairy, or tomentose. Synflorescence of individual axes in broomlike plants sparsely racemiform or with a single terminal capitulum. Capitula with usually 5–12 florets. Involucre narrowly cylindric. Phyllaries glabrous, arachnoid hairy, or with simple bristles; outer phyllaries few, only slightly longer centripetally, longest ca. 1/4 as long as inner ones; inner phyllaries 5(–7) or ca. 8, ± equal in length, ± linear-lanceolate. Receptacle naked. Florets yellow. Achene body subcylindric, somewhat narrowed toward base, with 5 main ribs, each rib usually divided into 3 secondary ribs, apically or from middle with tubercles or scales, apically usually with a corona of 5 entire or 3-lobed ± membranous scales; beak usually present, short and stout to longer and filiform, when fully mature with or without fine transversal articulation preforming rupture of beak. Pappus white, simple, of scabrid bristles.

from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 242. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Common names

Albanian (Albania): ZegunA,1; Arabic (Lebanon): خُنْدَريلىB,1, مُرَّيْرَةB,1; Arabic (Syria): خُنْدَريلىC,1, مُرَّيْرَةC,1; Armenian (Armenia): ԽիժաճարճատուկD,1, ԾամանիկD,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): КривецE,1; Chinese (China): 粉苞菊属 fen bao ju shuF; French (Corse): ChondrilleG,1; German (Germany): KnorpellatichH,1; Hebrew (Israel): כּוֹנְדְּרִילָהI,1, כונדרילהI,1; Italian (Italy): LattugaccioJ,1; Italian (Switzerland): LattugaccioK,1; Romanian (Moldova): РэсфугL,1; Russian (Armenia): ХондриллаD,1; Turkish (Turkey): KarakavukM
1. recommended

Chromosome numbers

Diploids, triploids, tetraploids, hexaploids; x = 5.N


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