Reichardia

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Reichardia

Common names

Albanian (Albania): ReikardieA,1; Arabic (Lebanon): رَيْخَرْدْيَةB,1; Arabic (Syria): رَيْخَرْدْيَةC,1; Armenian (Armenia): ՌեյխարդիաD,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): РейхардияE,1; French (Corse): ReichardieF,1; French (France): ReichardieG,1; Hebrew (Israel): תַּמְרִירH,1, תמרירH,1; Italian (Italy): GrattalinguaI,1; Russian (Armenia): РейхардияD,1; Turkish (Turkey): KarasakızJ
1. recommended

Systematics

Reichardia is a well delimited, homogeneous genus of ten species of the core Hyoseridinae, the former Sonchinae, centred in the Mediterranean region (Gallego & al. 1980, Conti & al. 2015). In the molecular phylogenetic analyses of the Hyoseridinae by Kim & al. (2007), Reichardia is sister to either Launaea and Sonchus s.l. (in the ITS phylogeny), or to Launaea and both together are sister to Sonchus s.l. (in the matK phylogeny).

Morphologically the genus is characterised by rather large, many-flowered heads on distally usually somewhat expanded peduncles, phyllaries with pronounced scarious margin and unmistakable heteromorphic achenes with thick tuberculose projections and a homomorphic setaceous pappus.K,L,M

Chromosome numbers

Diploids, x = 9, 8, 7.N

Distribution

Africa: Algeria (Algerianative); Canary Is. (Canary Is.native); Egypt (Egyptnative); Libya (Libyanative); Morocconative; Tunisia (Tunisianative) Asia-Temperate: Afghanistan (Afghanistannative); Cyprus (Cyprusnative); East Aegean Is. (East Aegean Is.native); Iran (Irannative); Iraq (Iraqnative); Lebanon-Syria (Lebanonnative, Syrianative); North Caucasusnative (Chechnyanative, Dagestannative, Kabardino-Balkariyanative, Karacheyevo-Cherkessiyanative, Krasnodarnative, Severo-Osetiyanative); Palestine (Israelnative, Jordannative); Saudi Arabia (Saudi Arabianative); Sinai (Sinainative); Transcaucasus (Abkhaziyanative, Adzhariyanative, Armenianative, Azerbaijannative, Georgianative, Nakhichevannative); Turkey (Turkeynative) Asia-Tropical: India (Punjabnative); Pakistan (Pakistannative) Australasia: New South Wales (Australian Capital Territoryintroduced, New South Walesintroduced); South Australia (South Australiaintroduced); Victoria (Victoriaintroduced); Western Australia (Western Australiaintroduced) Europe: Albania (Albanianative); Baleares (Balearesnative); Bulgaria (Bulgarianative); Corse (Corsenative); Francenative; Greece (Greecenative); Italynative; Kriti (Kritinative); Portugal (Portugalnative); Sardegna (Sardegnanative); Sicilynative (Maltanative, Sicilynative); Spainnative (Gibraltarnative, Spainnative); Turkey-in-Europe (Turkey-in-Europenative); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovinanative, Croatianative, Macedonianative: presence questionable, Montenegronative, Serbianative, Slovenianative)

Bibliography

A. Vangjeli, J., Flora e Shqipërisë 4. 1999
B. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000
C. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
D. Tahtadžjan, A. L., Flora Armenii 9. 1995
E. Andreev, N. & Kozucharov, S. I., Opredelitel na vissite rastenija v Balgarija. 1992
F. Jeanmonod D. & Gamisans J., Flora Corsica. 2007
G. Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica], Tela Botanica, le réseau de la botanique francophone. Flores en ligne, France métropolitaine
H. Avinoam Danin, Flora of Israel Online
I. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982
J. Güner A. (ed.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). 2012
K. Conti F. & al., A new species of Reichardia (Asteraceae, Cichorieae) from Albania and reevaluation of R. macrophylla in Phytotaxa 236: 121-134. 2015
L. Gallego M. J., Talavera S. & Silvestre S., Revision del genero Reichardia Roth (Compositae) in Lagascalia 9(2). 1980
M. Kim S.-C. & al., Phylogenetic analysis of chloroplast DNA matK gene and ITS of nrDNA sequences reveals polyphyly of the genus Sonchus and new relationships among the subtribe Sonchinae (Asteraceae: Cichorieae) in Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 44: 578-597. 2007
N. Watanabe K., Index to chromosome numbers in Asteraceae.