Taraxacum melleum

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Distribution

Asia-Tropical: West Himalaya (Jammu-KashmirnativeA,B,C)

Description

"Plants ± small, ca. 7–10 cm tall. Petiole usually purplish, long, narrow, unwinged, plant base ± glabrous, with persistent remnants of old petioles; leaves mid-green to dull green, ± oblanceolate in outline, 0.7–2.5 cm wide, ± glabrous, with 1–2 pairs of patent, triangular lateral lobes usually 3–5 mm long, terminal segment large, ± narrowly triangular, with short patent basal lobules and subobtuse apex. Scape brownish green, sparsely aranose, equalling or ± overtopping leaves. Capitulum to 1.5–2 cm wide. Involucre 5–8 mm wide, rounded at base. Outer phyllaries 8–10, black-green, ± imbricate, broadly ovate, the innermost ovate lanceolate, 2.8–3.5 (–5) × 2.0–2.5 mm, appressed, with a distinct whitish-membranous border 0.2–0.5 mm wide, margin minutely ciliate near apex, apex blackish to purplish, × flat; inner phyllaries blackish green, 9–11 mm long, flat. Ligules yellow, outer ligules ± flat, striped blackish green to blackish purple, inner ligule teeth very long, blackish. Stigmas ± yellow or with reddish tinge or dirty yellow. Anthers polliniferous, pollen grains irregular in size. Achenes (not fully ripe) 5.5 × 1.1 mm, body with sparse coarse spinules or laterally flat spinules in the upper part (and on cone base), gradually narrowing into subconical cone 1.1–1.3 mm long, ca. 0.3–0.4 mm thick at base, ca. 0.2 mm at apex; beak ca. 4 mm long, slightly thickened; pappus white, ca. 5 mm long.Agamosperm."D

Bibliography

A. Ghafoor A. & al., Flora of Pakistan 222. Asteraceae (IV) Cichorieae. 2017
B. Hajra P. K., Rao R. R., Singh D. K. and Uniyal B. P., Flora of India 12. 1995
C. Soest, J. L. van, Taraxacum species from India, Pakistan and neighbouring countries in Wentia 10. 1963
D. Kirschner J. & al., Taraxacum sect. Orientalia (Compositae-Crepidinae) and the West Himalayan dandelions: A new interpretation in Phytotaxa 312: 1-27. 2017