Primary tabs



Herbs, annual. Leaves mostly rosulate, undivided to pinnatisect. Capitula few to many, cymose on stout branches. Involucre campanulate. Phyllaries in 2 rows; outer phyllaries inconspicuous; inner phyllaries linear-lanceolate, hardened, thickened in fruit. Receptacle naked. Florets yellow. Achene columnar, ± incurved, minutely hairy; outer achenes apically attenuate and partly enclosed by inner hardened phyllaries; inner achenes attenuate into a long slender beak. Pappus white, of scabrid bristles to 1.5 mm.

from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 270. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Chromosome numbers

Diploids, x = 5.A


Africa: Egyptnative Asia-Temperate: Afghanistannative; Cyprusnative; Irannative; Iraqnative; Kazakhstannative; Kirgizistannative; Lebanon-Syria (Lebanonnative, Syrianative); North Caucasusnative (Chechnyanative, Dagestannative); Omannative; Palestine (Israelnative, Jordannative); Saudi Arabianative; Sinainative; Tadzhikistannative; Transcaucasus (Abkhaziyanative, Adzhariyanative, Armenianative, Azerbaijannative, Georgianative, Nakhichevannative); Turkeynative; Turkmenistannative; Uzbekistannative; Xinjiangnative Asia-Tropical: Pakistannative; West Himalaya (Jammu-Kashmirnative)

Common names

Arabic (Lebanon): غَرْهَدْيولُسB,1; Arabic (Syria): غَرْهَدْيولُسC,1; Armenian (Armenia): ԳարադիոլուսD,1; Chinese (China): 小疮菊属 xiao chuang ju shuE; Hebrew (Israel): גָּרַדְיוֹלוּסF,1, גרדיולוסF,1; Russian (Armenia): ГарадиолюсD,1; Turkish (Turkey): SarikiskisG
1. recommended


A. Watanabe K., Index to chromosome numbers in Asteraceae.
B. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000
C. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
D. Tahtadžjan, A. L., Flora Armenii 9. 1995
E. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
F. Avinoam Danin, Flora of Israel Online
G. Güner A. (ed.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). 2012