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Common names

Arabic (Lebanon): غَرْهَدْيولُسA,1; Arabic (Syria): غَرْهَدْيولُسB,1; Armenian (Armenia): ԳարադիոլուսC,1; Chinese (China): 小疮菊属 xiao chuang ju shuD; Hebrew (Israel): גָּרַדְיוֹלוּסE,1, גרדיולוסE,1; Russian (Armenia): ГарадиолюсC,1; Turkish (Turkey): SarikiskisF
1. recommended


Herbs, annual. Leaves mostly rosulate, undivided to pinnatisect. Capitula few to many, cymose on stout branches. Involucre campanulate. Phyllaries in 2 rows; outer phyllaries inconspicuous; inner phyllaries linear-lanceolate, hardened, thickened in fruit. Receptacle naked. Florets yellow. Achene columnar, ± incurved, minutely hairy; outer achenes apically attenuate and partly enclosed by inner hardened phyllaries; inner achenes attenuate into a long slender beak. Pappus white, of scabrid bristles to 1.5 mm.

from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 270. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Chromosome numbers

Diploids, x = 5.G


Africa: Egyptnative Asia-Temperate: Afghanistannative; Cyprusnative; Irannative; Iraqnative; Kazakhstannative; Kirgizistannative; Lebanon-Syria (Lebanonnative, Syrianative); North Caucasusnative (Chechnyanative, Dagestannative); Omannative; Palestine (Israelnative, Jordannative); Saudi Arabianative; Sinainative; Tadzhikistannative; Transcaucasus (Abkhaziyanative, Adzhariyanative, Armenianative, Azerbaijannative, Georgianative, Nakhichevannative); Turkeynative; Turkmenistannative; Uzbekistannative; Xinjiangnative Asia-Tropical: Pakistannative; West Himalaya (Jammu-Kashmirnative)


A. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000
B. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
C. Tahtadžjan A. L., Flora Armenii 9. 1995
D. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
E. Avinoam Danin, Flora of Israel Online
F. Güner A. (ed.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). 2012
G. Watanabe K., Index to chromosome numbers in Asteraceae.