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Africa: Egypt native Asia-Temperate: Afghanistan native; Cyprus native; Iran native; Iraq native; Kazakhstan native; Kirgizistan native; Lebanon-Syria (Lebanon native, Syria native); North Caucasus native (Chechnya native, Dagestan native); Oman native; Palestine (Israel native, Jordan native); Saudi Arabia native; Sinai native; Tadzhikistan native; Transcaucasus (Abkhaziya native, Adzhariya native, Armenia native, Azerbaijan native, Georgia native, Nakhichevan native); Turkey native; Turkmenistan native; Uzbekistan native; Xinjiang native Asia-Tropical: Pakistan native; West Himalaya (Jammu-Kashmir native)

Chromosome numbers

Diploids, x = 5.A


Herbs, annual. Leaves mostly rosulate, undivided to pinnatisect. Capitula few to many, cymose on stout branches. Involucre campanulate. Phyllaries in 2 rows; outer phyllaries inconspicuous; inner phyllaries linear-lanceolate, hardened, thickened in fruit. Receptacle naked. Florets yellow. Achene columnar, ± incurved, minutely hairy; outer achenes apically attenuate and partly enclosed by inner hardened phyllaries; inner achenes attenuate into a long slender beak. Pappus white, of scabrid bristles to 1.5 mm.

from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 270. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Common names

Arabic (Lebanon): غَرْهَدْيولُسB,1; Arabic (Syria): غَرْهَدْيولُسC,1; Armenian (Armenia): ԳարադիոլուսD,1; Chinese (China): 小疮菊属 xiao chuang ju shuE; Hebrew (Israel): גָּרַדְיוֹלוּסF,1, גרדיולוסF,1; Russian (Armenia): ГарадиолюсD,1; Turkish (Turkey): SarikiskisG
1. recommended


A. Watanabe K., Index to chromosome numbers in Asteraceae.
B. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000
C. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
D. Tahtadžjan A. L., Flora Armenii 9. 1995
E. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
F. Avinoam Danin, Flora of Israel Online
G. Güner A. (ed.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). 2012