Prenanthes purpurea

Primary tabs

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Prenanthes_purpurea_A_01.jpg

Description

Perennial. Rhizome slender, woody. Stem 60-100(150) cm high, usually solitary, glabrous or subglabrous, paniculately branched above. Leaves thin, variable, usually lanceolate, oblong-elliptical or oblong-linear, acute, glaucous, beneath, green above; lower leaves mostly on winged petiole, almost entire with slightly toothed margin to sinuate-toothed and lyrate-pinnatipartite with large terminal lobe; middle and upper leaves sessile, semiamplexicaul, more or less entire, upper leaves smaller, with distinctly auriculate base; sometimes all or most leaves oblong-linear or linear-lanceolate to linear, entire or almost entire (var. angustifolia W.D. Koch). Capitula cylindrical, 12-15 mm long and 3 mm wide, drooping, terminal on slender branches of lax panicle, sometimes up to 20-35 cm long; basal branches of panicle arising from axils of rather large upper leaves. Involucre two- or three-rowed; outer involucral bracts oblong-ovate, dark, with more or less dense, often papilliform pubescence (under a hand lens!); innermost bracts two to three times as long as outer, linear or oblong-lanceolate, greenish in lower part, usually dark violet above, bordered along edges, subobtuse, with short barbules of thin; light colored, hairs (under a hand lens!); florets in capitulum usually five; corolla purple or violet-purple, its lobes covered with papilliform hairs. Achenes 4.5-5 mm long, about 1 mm wide, oblong-linear, weakly compressed, dark brown, glabrous, with slightly raised ribs; pappus of numerous white, slightly barbed (under high magnification!) bristles, 7.5-8 mm long.

from: Bobrov, E. G. and Tzvelev, N. N. (ed.) 2000: Flora of the USSR XXIX, Compositae, Tribe Cichorieae. – Enfield.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: North CaucasusnativeA,B,C,D (Karacheyevo-CherkessiyanativeE, KrasnodarnativeE, Severo-OsetiyanativeE); Transcaucasus (AbkhaziyanativeE, AdzhariyanativeC,D,E,F,G,H, Azerbaijannative: presence questionableD,E,I, GeorgianativeE,G); Turkey (TurkeynativeJ,K) Europe: Albania (AlbanianativeL,M,N,O,P); AustrianativeN (AustrianativeQ, LiechtensteinnativeR); Belgium (Luxembourgnative: formerly nativeS); Bulgaria (BulgarianativeM,N,T,U,V); Corse (CorsenativeAA,AB,N,W,X,Y,Z); CzechoslovakiaN (Czech RepublicnativeAC,AD,AE,AF, SlovakianativeAC,AD); Denmark (DenmarkintroducedAG,N); FrancenativeAH,N,W,X,Z; Germany (GermanynativeAI,AJ,AK,N); Greece (GreecenativeA,AL,AM,AN,M,N); Hungary (HungarynativeAO,AP,N); ItalynativeAQ,AR,AS,AT,AU,N; Krym (Krymnative); Norway (NorwayintroducedAV); Poland (PolandnativeAW,AX,N); Romania (RomanianativeAY,AZ,N); SpainnativeN (AndorranativeBA,BB, SpainnativeAH,BB,BC,BD); Switzerland (SwitzerlandnativeBE,BF,N); Ukraine (UkrainenativeBG,BH,BI); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-HerzegovinanativeBJ,M, CroatianativeAS,BK,M, Macedonianative: presence questionableM, MontenegronativeBL,M, SerbianativeBM,M, SlovenianativeBN,BO)

Credits

Willing E. 2017: Images (3 added)

Common names

Albanian (Albania): Prenante purpurBP,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Шарен пурпурен багреникT,1; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): PrenantesBB; Czech (Czech Republic): Věsenka nachováBQ,1; French (Corse): Prénanthe pourpreBR,1; French (France): Prénanthe pourpreBS,1, PrénanthèsBS,1; French (Switzerland): Prénanthe pourpreBT,1; German (Germany): Purpur-HasenlattichBU,1; German (Switzerland): HasenlattichBT,1; Italian (Italy): Lattuga montanaAT,1; Italian (Switzerland): Lattuga montanaBT,1; Polish (Poland): Przenęt purpurowyAW,1; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): AjonjeraBB, JunquerinaBB; Swedish (Sweden): RödsallatBV,1; Turkish (Turkey): Mor eğikçiçekK
1. recommended

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