Prenanthes purpurea

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Prenanthes purpurea

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Prenanthes_purpurea_A_01.jpg

Common names

Albanian (Albania): Prenante purpurA,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Шарен пурпурен багреникB,1; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): PrenantesC; Czech (Czech Republic): Věsenka nachováD,1; French (Corse): Prénanthe pourpreE,1; French (France): Prénanthe pourpreF,1, PrénanthèsF,1; French (Switzerland): Prénanthe pourpreG,1; German (Germany): Purpur-HasenlattichH,1; German (Switzerland): HasenlattichG,1; Italian (Italy): Lattuga montanaI,1; Italian (Switzerland): Lattuga montanaG,1; Polish (Poland): Przenęt purpurowyJ,1; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): AjonjeraC, JunquerinaC; Swedish (Sweden): RödsallatK,1; Turkish (Turkey): Mor eğikçiçekL
1. recommended

Description

Perennial. Rhizome slender, woody. Stem 60-100(150) cm high, usually solitary, glabrous or subglabrous, paniculately branched above. Leaves thin, variable, usually lanceolate, oblong-elliptical or oblong-linear, acute, glaucous, beneath, green above; lower leaves mostly on winged petiole, almost entire with slightly toothed margin to sinuate-toothed and lyrate-pinnatipartite with large terminal lobe; middle and upper leaves sessile, semiamplexicaul, more or less entire, upper leaves smaller, with distinctly auriculate base; sometimes all or most leaves oblong-linear or linear-lanceolate to linear, entire or almost entire (var. angustifolia W.D. Koch). Capitula cylindrical, 12-15 mm long and 3 mm wide, drooping, terminal on slender branches of lax panicle, sometimes up to 20-35 cm long; basal branches of panicle arising from axils of rather large upper leaves. Involucre two- or three-rowed; outer involucral bracts oblong-ovate, dark, with more or less dense, often papilliform pubescence (under a hand lens!); innermost bracts two to three times as long as outer, linear or oblong-lanceolate, greenish in lower part, usually dark violet above, bordered along edges, subobtuse, with short barbules of thin; light colored, hairs (under a hand lens!); florets in capitulum usually five; corolla purple or violet-purple, its lobes covered with papilliform hairs. Achenes 4.5-5 mm long, about 1 mm wide, oblong-linear, weakly compressed, dark brown, glabrous, with slightly raised ribs; pappus of numerous white, slightly barbed (under high magnification!) bristles, 7.5-8 mm long.

from: Bobrov, E. G. and Tzvelev, N. N. (ed.) 2000: Flora of the USSR XXIX, Compositae, Tribe Cichorieae. – Enfield.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: North CaucasusnativeM,N,O,P (Karacheyevo-CherkessiyanativeQ, KrasnodarnativeQ, Severo-OsetiyanativeQ); Transcaucasus (AbkhaziyanativeQ, AdzhariyanativeO,P,Q,R,S,T, Azerbaijannative: presence questionableP,Q,U, GeorgianativeQ,S); Turkey (TurkeynativeL,V) Europe: Albania (AlbanianativeAA,W,X,Y,Z); AustrianativeY (AustrianativeAB, LiechtensteinnativeAC); Belgium (Luxembourgnative: formerly nativeAD); Bulgaria (BulgarianativeAE,AF,B,X,Y); Corse (CorsenativeAG,AH,AI,AJ,AK,AL,Y); CzechoslovakiaY (Czech RepublicnativeAM,AN,AO,AP, SlovakianativeAM,AN); Denmark (DenmarkintroducedAQ,Y); FrancenativeAG,AH,AJ,AR,Y; Germany (GermanynativeAS,AT,AU,Y); Greece (GreecenativeAV,AW,AX,M,X,Y); Hungary (HungarynativeAY,AZ,Y); ItalynativeBA,BB,BC,BD,I,Y; Krym (Krymnative); Norway (NorwayintroducedBE); Poland (PolandnativeBF,J,Y); Romania (RomanianativeBG,BH,Y); SpainnativeY (AndorranativeBI,C, SpainnativeAR,BJ,BK,C); Switzerland (SwitzerlandnativeBL,BM,Y); Ukraine (UkrainenativeBN,BO,BP); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-HerzegovinanativeBQ,X, CroatianativeBC,BR,X, Macedonianative: presence questionableX, MontenegronativeBS,X, SerbianativeBT,X, SlovenianativeBU,BV)

Credits

Willing E. 2017: Images (3 added)

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