Crepis foetida

Primary tabs

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Crepis_foetida_Bc_02.jpg

Distribution

Africa: Algerianative (AlgerianativeA); Canary Is. (Canary Is.B); Djiboutiintroduced (DjiboutiintroducedC,D,E,F,G); Eritreaintroduced (EritreaintroducedG); Ethiopiaintroduced (EthiopiaintroducedD,E,F,G,H); Kenyaintroduced (KenyaintroducedD,E,F,G,H); MorocconativeI,J,K; Somaliaintroduced (SomaliaintroducedD,E,G); Sudanintroduced (SudanintroducedD,E,F,G,H,L,M) Asia-Temperate: Cyprusnative (CyprusnativeN,O,P); East Aegean Is.native (East Aegean Is.nativeQ,R); Irannative (IrannativeF,H,S,T,U,V); Iraqnative (IraqnativeT); Lebanon-Syrianative (LebanonnativeW,X, SyrianativeW,X,Y); North Caucasusnative; Palestinenative (Israelreported in errorX,Y, JordannativeAA,Z); Saudi Arabianative (Saudi ArabianativeS,T); Transcaucasusnative (Abkhaziyanative, AdzhariyanativeAB,AC, ArmenianativeAD, AzerbaijannativeAC, Georgianative, Nakhichevan); Turkeynative (TurkeynativeAB,AE,AF,AG,AH,AI,X); Turkmenistannative Australasia: New South Walesintroduced (Australian Capital TerritoryintroducedAJ,AK, New South WalesintroducedAJ,AK,AL); New Zealand Northintroduced; New Zealand Southintroduced; Queenslandintroduced (QueenslandintroducedAJ); South Australiaintroduced (South AustraliaintroducedAJ,AL); Tasmaniaintroduced (TasmaniaintroducedAK); Victoriaintroduced (VictoriaintroducedAJ,AK,AL); Western Australiaintroduced (Western AustraliaintroducedAL,AM) Europe: Albanianative (AlbanianativeAN,AO,AP,AQ); Austrianative (AustrianativeAO); Balearesnative (BalearesnativeAO,AR,AS,AT,AU,AV,AW); Belgiumnative (BelgiumnativeAO,AX, LuxembourgnativeAY); Bulgarianative (BulgarianativeAO,AZ,BA,BB,BC); Central European Russianative (Central European Russiaintroduced); Corsenative (CorsenativeAO,BD,BE,BF,BG,BH); Czechoslovakianative (Czech RepublicintroducedAO,BI,BJ,BK,BL, Slovakianative: doubtfully nativeAO,BI,BJ,BM); FrancenativeAO,AS,BE,BG,BN; Germanynative (GermanynativeAO,BO,BP,BQ); Great Britainnative (Great BritainnativeAO); Greecenative (GreecenativeAH,AI,BR,BS,BT,BU,BV,BW,BX,BY,BZ,CA,CB,CC,Q,R); Hungarynative (HungarynativeAO); ItalynativeAO,CD,CE,CF,CG,CH,CI; Kritinative (KritinativeBS,BT,CB,CC,CJ,CK,Q); Krymnative (KrymnativeAC,AO,CL); Netherlands (NetherlandsCM); Polandnative (PolandintroducedAO,CN,CO); Portugalnative (PortugalnativeAO,AW,CP,CQ,CR,CS); Romanianative (RomanianativeAO,CT,CU); Sardegnanative (SardegnanativeCD,CG,CH,CV); Sicilynative (SicilynativeAO,CD,CE,CG,CH); South European Russianative (South European RussiaintroducedCL); Spainnative (AndorranativeAW, GibraltarnativeAW,CW, SpainnativeAO,AR,AS,AW,CW,CX,CY,CZ,DA); Switzerlandnative (SwitzerlandnativeAO,DB,DC); Turkey-in-Europenative (Turkey-in-EuropenativeAB,AF,AO); Ukrainenative (Moldova, UkraineintroducedCL,DD,DE); Yugoslavianative (Bosnia-HerzegovinanativeBB,DF, CroatianativeBB,CE,DG, Macedoniadoubtfully presentBB, MontenegronativeDH, SerbianativeDI, SlovenianativeDJ,DK) Northern America: Floridaintroduced (FloridaintroducedDL); Georgia, U.S.A.introduced (Georgia, U.S.A.introducedDL); Massachusettsintroduced (MassachusettsintroducedDL); North Carolinaintroduced (North CarolinaintroducedDL); Wisconsinintroduced (WisconsinintroducedDL) Southern America: Argentina Northeastintroduced (Buenos AiresintroducedDM,DN, La PampaintroducedDM,DN)

Description

Herb, annual, rarely perennial or biennial, (10)-15-70-(80) cm high. Flowering stems erect or spreading-erect, sulcate, subglabrous or hispidulous. Rosette leaves obovate, 5.0-20.0 cm long, 1.0-5.0 cm wide, pinnatifid, irregularly runcinate or lyrate, lacerate, entire or denticulate, obtuse or acute, petiole-like attenuate, hispidulous or subglabrous. Cauline leaves oblong, linear, elliptic or ovate, pinnatifid, irregularly pinnatisect or runcinate, entire or lacerate, attenuate or shortly auriculate. Peduncle up to 20.0 cm long, slightly swollen at apex, hispidulous or glabrous. Heads with 50 to 100 flowers or with more than 100 flowers. Involucre at flowering cylindrical or broadly campanulate, 7.0-12.0 mm long, at flowering c. 10.0 mm in diameter; involucral bracts green or purplish, shortly tomentose or glandular; outer involucral bracts ovate to linear; inner involucral bracts ovate to linear, 10.0-13.0 mm long, 1.0-2.0 mm wide, subacute, pubescent, midrib strong, prominent. Receptacle pitted or shortly ciliate, naked or sometimes with scales, 5-7 mm long, 0.3-0.5 mm wide. Corolla ligulate, 9-20 mm long, yellow, puberulous or glabrous; tube 3.0-5.0-(8.0) mm long; ligule 6.0-8.0 mm long, 0.8-2.0 mm wide, tinged red. Anthertube yellowish, 1.8-3.0 mm long; apical appendages 0.5 mm long, acute. Style 7.0-9.0 mm long, yellow; branches c. 1.5 mm long. Achenes dimorphic or sometimes homomorphic with all like inner achenes, with c. 15 ribs; beak 6.0-8.0 mm long; outer achenes fusiform, somewhat curved, at least c. 6.0 mm long, 0.6 mm wide, scabridulous, brown, with longitudinal ribs, attenuate into an ill-defined beak, with pappus or without pappus; inner achenes almost straight, 8.0-13.0 mm long, 0.6 mm wide, minutely scabridulous, brown, with longitudinal ribs, with a filiform beak, with pappus. Pappus white, 3.0-8.0 mm long, persistent, scabridulous; pappus of outer achenes up to 6.0 mm long.

Based on: Babcock, E. B. 1947: The genus Crepis 2. – Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 22 (as Crepis foetida and as Crepis eritreensis,Crepis rhoeadifolia and Crepis schimperi); Bogler, D. J.: 36. Crepis Linnaeus. – Pp. 222-239 in: Flora of North America Editorial Com. (ed.), Flora of North America 19. – New York / Oxford; Meikle, R.D. 1985: Flora auf Cyprus 2. – Kew; Sell, P. and Murell, G. 2006: Flora of Great Britain and Ireland 4. – Cambridge.

Common names

Albanian (Albania): Shmangë erëkeqeDO,1; Arabic (Lebanon): سَراغَة نَتِنَةDP,1; Arabic (Syria): سَراغَة نَتِنَةDQ,1; Armenian (Armenia): Զամբյուղախոտ գարշահոտDR,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Смрадлива дрипавкаDS,1; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): Crepis fétidaAW, Herba pudentaAW; Czech (Czech Republic): Škarda smrdutáDT,1; English (Australia): Foetid Hawk's-beardAJ, Foetid HawksbeardAL,AM, Stinking HawksbeardDU; English (Cyprus): Hawk's-beardDV; English (Great Britain): Stinking Hawk's-beardDW,1; English (New Zealand): Stinking hawksbeardDX; French (Belgium): Barkhausie fétideDY,1; French (Corse): Crépide fétideDZ,1; French (France): Barkhausie fétideEA,2, Crépide fétideEA,1, Crépide puanteEA,1, Crépis fétideEA,1, Crépis puantEA,1, Laitue de porcEA,2; French (Switzerland): Crépide fétideEB,1; German (Germany): Stink-PippauEC,1; German (Switzerland): Stinkender PippauEB,1; Hebrew (Israel): נִיסָנִית מַבְאִישָׁהED,1, ניסנית מבאישהED,1; Italian (Italy): Radicchiella selvaticaCG,1; Italian (Switzerland): Radicchiella selvaticaEB,1; Polish (Poland): Pępawa cuchnącaCN,1; Russian (Armenia): Скерда вонючаяDR,1; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): Achicoria hediondaAW, Falsa achicoriaAW; Swedish (Sweden): SprötfibblaEE,1; Tigre (North East Africa): nehuk-beita; Turkish (Cyprus): HindibaDV; Turkish (Turkey): KohumEF
1. recommended, 2. synonym

Credits

Ghafoor A. 2012: Distribution (data).
Willing E. 2012: Images (3 added)

Bibliography

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AJ. Burbidge N. T. & Gray M., Flora of the Australian Capital territory. 1970
AK. Murray L. - 168. Tragopogon - 177. Youngia in Harden G. J., Flora of New South Wales 3. 1992 (as Crepis foetida subsp. vulgaris (Bisch.) Babc.)
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BA. As’ov, B., Dimitrov, D., Vasilev, R. & Petrova, A., Konspekt na visšata flora na Bălgarija, ed. 2. 2002
BB. Hayek, A. von, Prodromus florae peninsulae balcanicae, 2 in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2). 1928-1931 (as Crepis foetida subsp. foetida)
BC. Stojanov, N., Stefanov, B. & Kitanov, B, Flora na Bălgarija, ed. 4, 2. 1967 (as Crepis foetida var. foetida)
BD. Bouchard, J., Flore pratique de la Corse. 1978 (as Barkhausia foetida)
BE. Coste, H., Flore descriptive et illustree de la France 2. 1902-1903
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BG. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de, Flore de France 4. 1982
BH. Jeanmonod, D. & Burdet, H. M., Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Corse, ed. 2. 1993 (as Crepis foetida subsp. foetida)
BI. Dostál, J., Nová kvetena CSSR 2. 1989 (as Crepis foetida subsp. foetida)
BJ. Dostál, J., Vel’ký kl’úc na určovanie vyšších rastlín 2. 1992 (as Crepis foetida subsp. foetida)
BK. Kubát, K., Klíč ke květeně České republiky. 2002 (as Crepis foetida subsp. foetida)
BL. Slavík, B. & Štěpánková, J., Květena České Republiky 7. 2004 (as Crepis foetida subsp. foetida)
BM. Marhold, K. & Hindák, F., Zoznam nižších a vyšších rastlín Slovenska. 1998 (as Crepis foetida subsp. foetida)
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BO. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 3. Gefäßpflanzen: Atlasband, ed. 10. 2000
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BR. Boissier, E., Flora Orientalis 3. 1875 (as Crepis foetida)
BS. Halácsy, E. de, Conspectus florae graecae 2. 1902 (as Crepis foetida)
BT. Halácsy, E. de, Conspectus florae graecae 2. 1902 (as Crepis foetida var. interrupta)
BU. Halácsy, E. de, Conspectus florae graecae 2. 1902 (as Crepis foetida var. radicata)
BV. Halácsy, E. de, Conspectus florae graecae 2. 1902 (as Crepis foetida var. zacinthia)
BW. Hayek, A. von, Prodromus florae peninsulae balcanicae, 2 in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2). 1928-1931 (as Crepis foetida subsp. maritima)
BX. Hayek, A. von, Prodromus florae peninsulae balcanicae, 2 in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2). 1928-1931 (as Crepis foetida subsp. zacinthia)
BY. Kamari G., Mountain flora of Greece 2 [Strid, A. & Tan, K.]. 1991 (as Crepis foetida)
BZ. Rechinger, K. H., Flora Aegaea. Flora der Inseln und Halbinseln des Ägäischen Meeres in Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 105(1). 1944 (as Crepis foetida subsp. foetida)
CA. Rechinger, K. H., Flora Aegaea. Flora der Inseln und Halbinseln des Ägäischen Meeres in Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 105(1). 1944 (as Crepis foetida subsp. zacinthia)
CB. Rechinger, K. H., Flora Aegaea. Flora der Inseln und Halbinseln des Ägäischen Meeres in Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 105(1). 1944 (as Crepis foetida var. interrupta)
CC. Tutin, T. G. & al., Flora Europaea. 1964-1993 (as Crepis foetida)
CD. Conti, F., Abbate, G., Alessandrini, A., Blasi, C. (eds.), An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora. 2005
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CF. Fiori, A., Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2. 1925-1929 (as Crepis foetida var. insularis)
CG. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982
CH. Zangheri, P., Flora italica 1. 1976 (as Crepis foetida subsp. foetida)
CI. Zangheri, P., Flora italica 1. 1976 (as Crepis foetida var. gracilis)
CJ. Jahn, R. & Schönfelder, P., Exkursionsflora für Kreta. 1995 (as Crepis foetida)
CK. Rechinger, K. H. , Flora Aegaea Supplementum in Phyton (Horn) 1. 1949 (as Crepis foetida subsp. vulgaris)
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CM. Meijden, R. van der, Heukels' Flora van Nederland, ed. 21. 1990
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CS. Sampaio, G., Flora portuguesa, ed. 2. 1947
CT. Ciocârlan, V., Flora ilustrata a României 2. 1990 (as Crepis foetida subsp. foetida)
CU. Popescu, A. & Sanda, V., Conspectul florei cormofitelor spontane din România in Acta Bot. Horti Bucurest. [suppl.]. 1998 (as Crepis foetida subsp. foetida)
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CW. Willkomm, M. & Lange J., Prodromus florae hispanicae 2. 1865-1870
CX. Cadevall I Diars, J. & Sallent, A., Flora de Catalunya 3(3-6). 1923 (as Barkhausia foetida)
CY. Valdes, B., Talavera, S. & Fernandez-Galiano, E., Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental 3. 1987 (as Crepis foetida subsp. foetida)
CZ. Willkomm, M. & Lange J., Prodromus florae hispanicae 2. 1865-1870 (as Crepis foetida var. vulgaris)
DA. Willkomm, M., Supplementum Prodromi florae hispanicae 2. 1893
DB. Aeschimann, D. & Burdet, H. M., Flore de la Suisse, ed. 2. 1994
DC. Hess, H. E., Bestimmungsschlüssel zur Flora der Schweiz und angrenzender Gebiete, ed. 4. 1998
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DE. Prokudin, J. N. (ed.), Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. 1987 (as Barkhausia foetida)
DF. Beck von Mannagetta, G., Flora Bosnae et Hercegovinae [Flora Bosne, Hercegovine i novipazarskog sandžaka] 4(4) [Slišković, T.]. 1983 (as Crepis foetida subsp. foetida)
DG. Nikolić, T., Flora Croatica. Index florae Croaticae, 3 in Nat. Croat. 9, suppl. 1. 2000
DH. Rohlena, J., Conspectus florae montenegrinae in Preslia 20-21. 1942 (as Crepis foetida subsp. foetida)
DI. Josifović, M. & al., Flora SR Srbije 7. 1975
DJ. Martinčič, A., Mala flora Slovenije, ed. 3. 1999
DK. Trpin, D. & Vreš, B., Register flore Slovenije. Praprotnice in cvetnice. 1995
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DQ. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
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DS. Andreev, N. & Kozucharov, S. I., Opredelitel na vissite rastenija v Balgarija. 1992
DT. Jindřich Chrtek, Seznam vyšších rostlin květeny České republiky
DU. Murray L. - 168. Tragopogon - 177. Youngia in Harden G. J., Flora of New South Wales 3. 1992
DV. Viney D. E., An illustrated Flora of North Cyprus. 1994 (as Crepis)
DW. Dony, J. G. , Jury, S. L. & Perring, F. H., English Names of Wild Flowers, a list recommended by the Botanical Society of the British Isles, ed. 2. 1986
DX. Garnock-Jones P. J. - Cichorioideae in Webb C. J., Sykes W. R. & Garnock-Jones P. J., Flora of New Zealand 4. 1988
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