Melanoseris cyanea

Primary tabs

Melanoseris cyanea!Melanoseris_cyanea_Bc_01.jpg/full/full/0/default.jpg

Common names

Chinese (China): 四川毛鳞菊 si chuan mao lin juA, 毛鳞菊 mao lin juB, 蓝花毛鳞菊 lan hua mao lin juC


Melanoseris cyanea is a widespread and polymorphic species, or, more likely, species complex. It has been argued by Wang & al. (2013) that the wider concept of the species, compared to Shih (1997), applied by Shih & Kilian (in Shih & al. 2011) is still too narrow: (1) The delimitation towards M. beesiana ( = Chaetoseris lyriformis C. Shih, providing the type of the name of Chaetoseris) as well as towards M. sichuanensis breaks, when considering besides leaf shape features also relevant capitula and flower features. (2) The status of the yellow-flowered plants and populations treated by Shih & Kilian (2011) under Melanoseris yunnanensis ( = Chaetoseris lutea = C. teniana) is still not fully clear, but their very close relationship to M. cyanea is evidenced by molecular analysis (Wang & al. 2013). (3) Status and assignment of M. pectiniformis are still in question but this taxon is probably also conspecific with M. cyanea according to Wang & al. (2013).


Shih C. 1997: Compositae (10), Cichorioideae, Lactuceae.– In: Zhongguo-zhiwuzhi [Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae] 80(1). \u2013 Beijing: Science Press.

Shih C., Ge X. J.; Kilian N., Kirschner J., Štěpánek J., Sukhorukov A. P., Mavrodiev E. V. & Gottschlich G. 2011: Cichorieae. – Pp. 195–353 in: Wu Z. Y., Raven P. H. & Hong D. Y. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21. Asteraceae. – Beijing: Science Press & St Louis: Missouri Botanical Garden. // ➪ //

Wang Z. H., Peng. H. & Kilian N. 2013: Molecular phylogeny of the Lactuca alliance (Cichorieae subtribe Lactucinae, Asteraceae) with focus on their Chinese centre of diversity detects potential events of reticulation and chloroplast capture. – PLoS ONE 8(12): e82692 // ➪ //


Herbs 0.8–1.8 m tall, perennial. Root slenderly turniplike. Stem solitary, erect, branched apically, ± glabrous to densely covered with purplish to brownish glandular hairs. Lower and middle stem leaves with petiole to 12 cm, narrowly winged, basally semiamplexicaul, not or rarely very faintly sagittately clasping; leaf blade ovate to triangular, 5–11(–17) × 3.5–8.5(–13) cm, undivided or with 1 pair (or 2–3 pairs) of ± elliptic lateral lobes, margin coarsely dentate, base of blade or terminal lobe cuneate, truncate, cordate, or hastate, apex acute. Upper stem leaves shortly petiolate to sessile; leaf blade similar to middle stem leaves but smaller, narrowly elliptic, undivided to shallowly pinnatifid. Synflorescence narrowly racemiform or paniculiform, often with rather long virgate branches, with few or several to numerous capitula. Capitula with 15–30 florets. Involucre cylindric, 1.2–1.5 × 0.5–0.8 cm. Phyllaries with midvein white or purplish hispid except in innermost ones, apex obtuse to acute; outer phyllaries triangular-ovate to lanceolate. Florets blue to purplish (sometimes yellow?). Achene (5–)6–8 mm; body pale to dark brown, ellipsoid, compressed, lateral ribs broadened, apex attenuate into a pale (1&ndash)2–3 mm slender beak. Pappus double, outer hairs 0.1–0.3 mm, bristles 7&nadsh;8 mm. Fl. and fr. Aug–Nov. 2n = 16*.

modified from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 220. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.


Asia-Temperate: China South-Central (ChongqingnativeC,D, GuizhounativeC,E, SichuannativeC,E,F,G,H, YunnannativeC,E,F,G,H,I); TibetnativeC,E,G,J,K,L Asia-Tropical: Assam (AssamnativeK, MeghalayanativeI,J,K, NagalandnativeJ); East Himalaya (BhutannativeC,M, DarjilingnativeM, SikkimnativeI,J,K,M); India (KeralanativeJ,L, PunjabnativeJ, Tamil NadunativeJ, Uttar PradeshnativeJ, West BengalnativeJ); MyanmarnativeC; NepalnativeC,J,K,L,N,O; West Himalaya (Himachal PradeshnativeJ, Jammu-Kashmirdoubtfully presentJ)


Byers E. 2017: Images (3 added).
Hu Guo-Xiong 2017: Images (7 added).
Hu Guo-Xiong 2013: Images (1 added).


A. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011 (as Melanoseris sichuanensis (C. Shih) N. Kilian)
B. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011 (as Melanoseris beesiana (Diels) N. Kilian)
C. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
D. C. Shih, Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae 80(1). 1997 (as Chaetoseris hispida C. Shih)
E. C. Shih, Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae 80(1). 1997
F. C. Shih, Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae 80(1). 1997 (as Chaetoseris hastata (DC.) C. Shih)
G. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011 (as Melanoseris beesiana (Diels) N. Kilian)
H. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011 (as Melanoseris sichuanensis (C. Shih) N. Kilian)
I. Kitamura S. - Compositae in Hara H. (ed.), The Flora of eastern Himalaya. 1966 (as Cicerbita cyanea (D. Don) Beauverd)
J. Hajra P. K., Rao R. R., Singh D. K. and Uniyal B. P., Flora of India 12. 1995 (as Cicerbita cyanea (D. Don) Beauverd)
K. Ikeda H. - Compositae in Ohba H., Iokawa Y. & Sharma L. R., Flora of Mustang, Nepal. 2008 (as Cicerbita cyanea (D. Don) Beauverd)
L. Sasidharan N., Biodiversity Documentation for Kerala in KFRI Handbook 17. 2004 (as Cicerbita cyanea (D. Don) Beauverd)
M. Grierson A. J. C. & Long D. G., Flora of Bhutan 2(3). 2001
N. Malla S. B., Shrestha A. B., Rajbhandari S. B., Shresta T. B., Adhikari P. M. & Adhikari S. R., Flora of Langtang and cross section vegetation survey (Central Zone) in Bull. Dept. Med. Pl. Nepal 6. 1976 (as Cicerbita cyanea (D. Don) Beauverd)
O. Press J. R. & al., Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal; updated online version (as Cicerbita cyanea (D. Don) Beauverd)