Taraxacum adhaerens

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Taraxacum adhaerens

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Description

"Plants medium-sized, 8–15 cm tall. Petiole usually purplish to pinkish, arachnoid at base, narrow to narrowly winged; plant base densely whitish hairy, tunic absent. Leaves greyish green, sometimes suffused brownish purple, ± oblanceolate in outline, (5–) 7–11 × 1.3–2 cm, arachnoid but later sparsely so, pinnatisect or less often pinnatilobed, mid-vein light green and often suffused bronze; lateral segments usually 2–4 pairs, triangular to deltoid, recurved, proximal margin straight and ± entire, distal margin usually denticulate and straight or convex but in inner leaves often concave, apex acute; interlobes short, margin often raised and with a few teeth; terminal lobe triangular-sagittate but sometimes hastate, to 3 cm, margin ± entire or often with incisions or lobules, apex ± acute. Scapes brownish purple, ± equalling leaves, arachnoid. Capitulum yellow, 2.5–3 cm wide. Involucre light greyish green, ± pruinose, 8–9 mm wide and ± rounded at base. Outer phyllaries 11–15, light greyish green, subimbricate, ± lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, outermost ones usually 5–7 × 1.5–2.2 mm and 1/2–3/5 as long as inner ones, appressed to loosely appressed, some erect-patent narrow middle part blackish green, border getting paler from pale greenish near the middle to whitish green near margin and 0.1–0.3 mm wide, margin subglabrous, apex pinkish and ± callose; inner phyllaries 1.2–1.4 cm, apexcallose. Outer ligules striped blackish pink outside; inner ligules with ± yellow apical teeth. Anthers polliniferous; pollen grains irregular in size. Stigmas ± dirty yellow to light greenish yellow but often darker when dry. Achene light greyish stramineous-brown to stramineous-brown or light grey-fulvous (with all colour combinations), 3.9–4.6 × ca. 0.9 mm; body ± smooth below, ± densely, rarely sparsely spinulose (and squamulose) above, spinules long, thin and ± erect, straight, rarely slightly recurved, body subgradually to subabruptly narrowing into a ± cylindrical cone with subconical base, 0.9–1.0 (–1.1) mm long; beak (6–) 7–8 mm; pappus ± white, ca. 5.5 mm. Agamosperm."

from Kirschner & al. (2020: 249-250)A

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: West Himalaya (Himachal Pradesh nativeA, Jammu-Kashmir nativeA)

Bibliography

A. Kirschner J., Štěpánek J., Klimeš L. & al., The Taraxacum flora of Ladakh, with notes on the adjacent regions of the West Himalaya in Phytotaxa 457: 1-409. 2020