Tragopogon orientalis

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Tragopogon orientalis

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Tragopogon_orientalis_Bc_01.jpg

Description

Herbs 40–100 cm tall, biennial. Stem erect, normally branched, glabrous. Basal and lower cauline leaves linear to lanceolate, 15–30 × 0.3–1 cm. Capitula solitary to few; peduncle not inflated. Involucre 2–3.5 cm. Phyllaries 7–9(or 10), 1.3–1.5 × as long as florets, equaling or shorter than achenes with pappus. Ligules golden yellow. Outer achenes 1.8–2.5 cm; body pale brown, ± curviform or almost, 1.4–1.6 mm in diam., tuberculate; beak whitish, 0.8–1.3 cm, slender, non-tuberculate, apically almost not inflated; pappus disk ± pubescent. Pappus dirty white, 1.5–2.5 cm. Fl. and fr. May–Jul. 2n = 12*.

from: Shih C., Sukhorukov A. P. & Mavrodiev E. V. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 209. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Systematics

The species is part of a group well supported in molecular phylogenetic analyses (Mavrodiev & al. 2005) with Tragopogon hayekii, T. longifolius, T. pratensis (incl. T. minor) and T. tommasinii. Its previous frequent treatment as a subspecies of T. pratensis (see synonymy), in contrast, received no support by the molecular analyses.

References


Mavrodiev E. V., Tancig M., Sherwood A. M., Gitzendanner M. A., Rocca J., Soltis P. S. & Soltis D. E. 2005: Phylogeny of Tragopogon L. (Asteraceae) based on internal and external transcribed spacer sequence data. – Int. J. Pl. Sci. 166: 117–133.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Altaynative (AltaynativeA,B); Amurintroduced (AmurintroducedC); Buryatiyanative (BuryatiyanativeB); Chitanative (ChitanativeB); Irkutsknative (IrkutsknativeB); Khabarovskintroduced (KhabarovskintroducedC); Krasnoyarsknative (KrasnoyarsknativeB); MongolianativeD; North Caucasusreported in errorE,F; Primoryeintroduced (PrimoryeintroducedC); Turkeynative (TurkeynativeG,H); Tuvanative (TuvanativeB); West Siberianative (West SiberianativeB); Xinjiangnative (XinjiangnativeI,J) Asia-Tropical: Pakistannative (PakistannativeK,L); West Himalayanative (Jammu-KashmirnativeK,L) Europe: Albanianative (AlbanianativeM,N); Austrianative (AustrianativeO, LiechtensteinnativeP); Baltic Statesnative (Kaliningradnative: presence questionableQ, LatvianativeR, LithuanianativeR); Belgiumnative (BelgiumnativeS, LuxembourgnativeT); Bulgarianative (BulgarianativeU,V,W,X); Central European Russianative (Central European RussianativeY); Czechoslovakianative (Czech RepublicnativeAA,AB,AC,Z, SlovakianativeAA,AD,Z); East European Russianative (East European RussianativeY); FrancenativeAE,AF,AG,AH; Germanynative (GermanynativeAI,AJ,AK); Greecenative (GreecenativeAL,AM,W); Hungarynative (HungarynativeAN,AO); ItalynativeAP,AQ,AR,AS; Krymnative (KrymnativeAT); Netherlandsnative (NetherlandsnativeAU); North European Russiaintroduced (North European RussiaintroducedY); Northwest European Russiaintroduced (Northwest European RussiaintroducedY); Polandnative (PolandnativeAV,AW); Romanianative (RomanianativeAX,AY); Spainnative: presence questionable (Spainnative: presence questionableAZ,BA,BB,BC,BD); Switzerlandnative (SwitzerlandnativeBE,BF); Ukrainenative (MoldovanativeBG,Y, UkrainenativeBH,Y); Yugoslavianative (Bosnia-HerzegovinanativeBI,W, CroatianativeBJ,W, Macedonianative: presence questionableW, MontenegronativeBK,W, SerbianativeBL,W, SlovenianativeBM,BN,BO)

Common names

Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Изтоична козя брадаBP,1; Chinese (China): 东方婆罗门参 dong fang po luo men shenJ; French (France): Salsifis d'OrientBQ,1; French (Switzerland): Salsifis d'orientBR,1; German (Germany): Orientalischer BocksbartBS,1; German (Switzerland): Östlicher BocksbartBR,1; Italian (Switzerland): Barba di Becco orientaleBR,1; Latvian (Latvia): Austrumu plostbārdisBT,1; Lithuanian (Lithuania): Rytinis pūtelisBT,1; Polish (Poland): Kozibród wschodniBU,1; Romanian (Moldova): Барба кэприй ориенталэBV,1; Swedish (Sweden): GuldhaverrotBW,BX,1,2; Turkish (Turkey): Sarı salsifinBY
1. recommended, 2. synonym

Credits

Lauterbach D. 2009: Images (1 added).
Reichert H. 2009: Images (1 added).
Willing E. 2012: Images (3 added)

Bibliography

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