Melanoseris graciliflora

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Melanoseris graciliflora

https://pictures.bgbm.org/digilib/Scaler/IIIF/Cichorieae!Melanoseris_graciliflora_Bc_14.jpg/full/full/0/default.jpg

Common names

(Nepal): LbasminA; Chinese (China): 细莴苣 xi wo juB; Vietnamese (Vietnam): Diế hồng lamC

Description

Herbs 0.5–2.5 m tall, perennial. Root slenderly turniplike. Stem solitary, erect, apically branched and glabrous or sparsely glandular hairy. Lower and middle stem leaves with petiole 4–7 cm, basally slightly widened; leaf blade pinnatisect to lyrately pinnatisect, glandular hairy, margin shallowly mucronulate-dentate; lateral lobes 2 or 3 pairs but uppermost pair often incompletely separated from terminal lobe, opposite or alternate, sessile or shortly petiolulate, elliptic to lanceolate, 1.5–4.5 × 1–2 cm, base cuneate to truncate, apex acute to acuminate; terminal lobe triangular-ovate to lanceolate, 5.5–11 × 4–9 cm, base hastate, cordate, truncate, or cuneate, apex acute. Upper stem leaves shortly petiolate to subsessile, smaller, less or not divided, otherwise similar to middle stem leaves. Synflorescence paniculiform, with numerous capitula and capillaceous branches. Capitula with usually 3 or 4 florets; peduncle capillaceous. Involucre narrowly cylindric, 12–15 × ca. 1.5 mm. Phyllaries glabrous; outer phyllaries triangular-ovate to lanceolate, largest ca. 3 × 1 mm, apex acute; inner phyllaries 3. Florets bluish purple. Achene 6–7 mm; body brown, narrowly ellipsoid to obcolumnar, compressed, lateral ribs broadened, apex contracted into a thick 1–1.5 mm beak. Pappus ± single, 6–7 mm. Fl. and fr. Jun–Sep. 2n = 16*.

from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 223. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: China South-Central (GuizhounativeB,D, SichuannativeB,D,E,F, YunnannativeB,D); TibetnativeB,D,E,G Asia-Tropical: Assam (AssamnativeG, MizoramnativeH); East Himalaya (BhutannativeB,F,G,I, DarjilingnativeI, SikkimnativeI,J); India (Uttar PradeshnativeJ, West BengalnativeJ); MyanmarnativeB,G; NepalnativeB,F,G,J,K,L; VietnamnativeM

Bibliography

A. Malla S. B., Shrestha A. B., Rajbhandari S. B., Shresta T. B., Adhikari P. M. & Adhikari S. R., Flora of Langtang and cross section vegetation survey (Central Zone) in Bull. Dept. Med. Pl. Nepal 6. 1976
B. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
C. Lê Kim Biên, Thục-vât-chí-Viêt-Nam / Flora of Vietnam 7. Họ cúc / Asteraceae. 2007 (as Lactuca graciliflora DC.)
D. C. Shih, Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae 80(1). 1997
E. C. Shih, Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae 80(1). 1997 (as Stenoseris taliensis (Franch.) C. Shih)
F. Kitamura S. - Compositae in Hara H. (ed.), The Flora of eastern Himalaya. 1966 (as Lactuca rostrata (Blume) Boerl.)
G. Hara H., Chater A. O. & Williams L. H. J., An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal 3. 1982 (as Lactuca graciliflora DC.)
H. Singh D. K. - Asteraceae in Singh N. P., Singh K. P. & Singh D. K., Flora of Mizoram 1. 2002 (as Lactuca graciliflora DC.)
I. Grierson A. J. C. & Long D. G., Flora of Bhutan 2(3). 2001
J. Hajra P. K., Rao R. R., Singh D. K. and Uniyal B. P., Flora of India 12. 1995 (as Lactuca graciliflora DC.)
K. Malla S. B., Shrestha A. B., Rajbhandari S. B., Shresta T. B., Adhikari P. M. & Adhikari S. R., Flora of Langtang and cross section vegetation survey (Central Zone) in Bull. Dept. Med. Pl. Nepal 6. 1976 (as Lactuca rostrata (Blume) Boerl.)
L. Press J. R. & al., Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal; updated online version (as Lactuca graciliflora DC.)
M. Lê Kim Biên, Thục-vât-chí-Viêt-Nam / Flora of Vietnam 7. Họ cúc / Asteraceae. 2007 (as Lactuca graciliflora DC.)