Catananche caerulea

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Catananche caerulea

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Catananche_caerulea_A_03.jpg

Common names

Catalan; Valencian (Spain): CervellinaA; English (Northern America): Cupid's DartB; French (France): Catananche bleueC,1, CigalineC,2, Cupidone bleueC,1; French (Switzerland): Cupidone bleueD,1; German (Switzerland): Blaue RasselblumeD,1; Italian (Italy): Cupidone azzurroE,1; Italian (Switzerland): Cupidone azzurroD,1; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): Azulejo nobleA
1. recommended, 2. synonym

Description

Herb, perennial, 20-90 cm high. Flowering stems 1 or few, erect, green, pilose, strongly branched. Rosette leaves many, linear, 2.0-30.0 cm long, 0.2-0.7 cm wide, entire or pinnatifid, acute or obtuse, attenuate, green on both surfaces; lateral lobes linear, usually antrorse. Cauline leaves few, linear, up to 30.0 cm long, up to 0.7 cm wide, entire or pinnatifid, acute or obtuse, attenuate; lateral lobes up to 4, linear, usually antrorse. Synflorescence with 1 head. Peduncle up to 30.0 cm long, pilose, covered with bracts. Involucre 13.0-25.0 mm long, at flowering 10.0-20.0 mm in diameter; involucral bracts oblong-ovate or ovate, 10.0-25.0 mm long, 3.5-5.0 mm wide, mucronate, glabrous. Receptacle flat, with scales. Corolla ligulate, 25.0-28.0 mm long; ligule bluish purple or blue. Achenes cylindrical in outline, 5.0-6.0 mm long, pilose, angular, with 5-10 ribs. Pappus paleaceous.

Based on: Sell, P. D. 1976: 147. Catananche L. – Pp. 305 in: Tutin, G. & al. (ed.), Flora Europaea 4. – Cambridge; Sell, P. and Murell, G. 2006: Flora of Great Britain and Ireland 4. – Cambridge.

Distribution

Africa: Algerianative (AlgerianativeF); Libyanative (LibyanativeG,H); MorocconativeI,J,K,L; Tunisianative (TunisianativeM) Europe: Balearesnative: presence questionable (Balearesnative: presence questionableN,O,P,Q); Czechoslovakiaintroduced (Czech RepublicintroducedR,S); FrancenativeN,Q,T,U,V; ItalynativeE,Q,W,X,Y; Portugalnative (PortugalnativeA,AA,AB,Z); Spainnative (AndorranativeA,AC, SpainnativeA,AD,AE,AF,AG,AH,N)

Uses

Catananche caerulea is cultivated as an ornamental plant.

Bibliography

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