Catananche caerulea

Primary tabs

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Description

Herb, perennial, 20-90 cm high. Flowering stems 1 or few, erect, green, pilose, strongly branched. Rosette leaves many, linear, 2.0-30.0 cm long, 0.2-0.7 cm wide, entire or pinnatifid, acute or obtuse, attenuate, green on both surfaces; lateral lobes linear, usually antrorse. Cauline leaves few, linear, up to 30.0 cm long, up to 0.7 cm wide, entire or pinnatifid, acute or obtuse, attenuate; lateral lobes up to 4, linear, usually antrorse. Synflorescence with 1 head. Peduncle up to 30.0 cm long, pilose, covered with bracts. Involucre 13.0-25.0 mm long, at flowering 10.0-20.0 mm in diameter; involucral bracts oblong-ovate or ovate, 10.0-25.0 mm long, 3.5-5.0 mm wide, mucronate, glabrous. Receptacle flat, with scales. Corolla ligulate, 25.0-28.0 mm long; ligule bluish purple or blue. Achenes cylindrical in outline, 5.0-6.0 mm long, pilose, angular, with 5-10 ribs. Pappus paleaceous.

Based on: Sell, P. D. 1976: 147. Catananche L. – Pp. 305 in: Tutin, G. & al. (ed.), Flora Europaea 4. – Cambridge; Sell, P. and Murell, G. 2006: Flora of Great Britain and Ireland 4. – Cambridge.

Distribution

Africa: Algerianative (AlgerianativeA); Libyanative (LibyanativeB,C); MorocconativeD,E,F,G; Tunisianative (TunisianativeH) Europe: Balearesnative: presence questionable (Balearesnative: presence questionableI,J,K,L); Czechoslovakiaintroduced (Czech RepublicintroducedM,N); FrancenativeI,L,O,P,Q; ItalynativeL,R,S,T,U; Portugalnative (PortugalnativeV,W,X,Y); Spainnative (AndorranativeY,Z, SpainnativeAA,AB,AC,AD,AE,I,Y)

Common names

Catalan; Valencian (Spain): CervellinaY; English (Northern America): Cupid's DartAF; French (France): Catananche bleueAG,1, CigalineAG,2, Cupidone bleueAG,1; French (Switzerland): Cupidone bleueAH,1; German (Switzerland): Blaue RasselblumeAH,1; Italian (Italy): Cupidone azzurroT,1; Italian (Switzerland): Cupidone azzurroAH,1; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): Azulejo nobleY
1. recommended, 2. synonym

Uses

Catananche caerulea is cultivated as an ornamental plant.

Bibliography

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AH. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C., Index synonymique de la flore de Suisse et territoires limitrophes (ISFS). 1996