Taraxacum banhyhalense

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Taraxacum banhyhalense

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Description

"Plants small to medium-sized, 10–17 (–24) cm tall. Petiole deep purple, narrow, narrowly winged, sparsely arachnoid; plant base brownish hairy, probably with a weakly developed tunic. Leaves greyish green, with purplish mid-vein, ± oblanceolate, usually 10–16 (–19) × 1.6–2.4 cm, sparsely arachnoid along mid-vein beneath, often not divided, with scattered subrecurved little triangular teeth, or pinnatilobed to pinnatifid with 2–3 pairs of short, flat triangular to deltoid-triangular, entire, acute lateral segments; terminal part subobtuse, interlobes (when developed) entire, broad, to 6–7 mm wide. Scapes purplish green, arachnoid, usually overtopping leaves. Capitulum yellow, 2 (–3) cm wide Involucre light green, ca. 7–9 mm wide and rounded at base. Outer phyllaries 11–15, ± not imbricate, appressed to loosely appressed, ± broadly lanceolate, usually 5.5–6.3 × 1.7–2 mm, with middle part light grey-green and gradually paler to whitish green towards margins, most often with a white border to 0.3–0.4 mm wide, apex darker corniculate; inner phyllaries ca. 12–13 mm long, light green, ± callose. Outer ligules striped ± grey outside. Stigmas pure yellow. Anthers polliniferous, pollen grains irregular in size. Achenes red-brown to almost brown, 4.5–4.6 × ca. 1 mm, body distally ± densely spinulose, spinules erect-patent, acuminate, body ± gradually narrowing into ± cylindrical cone 0.7–0.9 × ca. 0.3 mm, beak ± thin (ca. 0.15 mm), 5.5–6 mm long, pappus yellowish-white, ca. 5.5 mm long. Agamosperm."

from Kirschner & al. (2020: 300-301)A

Distribution

Asia-Tropical: West Himalaya (Jammu-Kashmir nativenativeA,B,C,D)

Bibliography

A. Kirschner J., Štěpánek J., Klimeš L. & al., The Taraxacum flora of Ladakh, with notes on the adjacent regions of the West Himalaya in Phytotaxa 457: 1-409. 2020
B. Ghafoor A. & al., Flora of Pakistan 222. Asteraceae (IV) Cichorieae. 2017
C. Hajra P. K., Rao R. R., Singh D. K. and Uniyal B. P., Flora of India 12. 1995
D. Soest J. L. van , Taraxacum species from India, Pakistan and neighbouring countries in Wentia 10: 1–91. 1963