Taraxacum sect. Erythrocarpa

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Taraxacum sect. Erythrocarpa

no image available

Common names

Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Хопеаново глухарчеA,1; Chinese (China): 紫果蒲公英组 zi guo pu gong ying zuB
1. recommended

Image sources

Handel-Mazzetti 1907: t. 3 (habit)C

Description

Plants usually medium-sized, base without a tunic or with a few old petioles. Petiole unwinged or winged; leaf blade pinnatisect; lateral lobes few to numerous, usually triangular to narrow, margin often dentate or lobulate. Capitulum usually 3–4 cm wide. Outer phyllaries usually 12–20, lanceolate to broadly ovate, long, often imbricate, appressed, loosely appressed, or less often arcuaterecurved, usually distinctly broadly or narrowly bordered, apex usually corniculate or horned. Ligules yellow; floret tube glabrous. Achene red, reddish brown, brown, castaneous, or straw-colored brown, usually 4.3–5.5 mm; body usually densely spinulose above, usually subabruptly narrowing into a distinct cylindric 1–1.5 mm cone, spinules long and thin; beak usually 0.8–1.3 cm. Pappus ± white.

from: Ge X., Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 321. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Distribution

Africa: Cape Provinces (Eastern Cape Province introduced); KwaZulu-Natal introduced; Lesotho introduced; Northern Provinces (Gauteng introduced, Mpumalanga introduced) Asia-Temperate: Afghanistan nativenative; China South-Central (Guizhou native, Yunnan native); East Aegean Is.; Iran nativenative; Iraq nativenative; Kirgizistan native; Lebanon-Syria (Lebanon native, Syria native); North Caucasus native (Dagestan native, Stavropol native); Palestine (Israel native, Jordan native); Transcaucasus (Abkhaziya native, Adzhariya native, Armenia native, Azerbaijan native, Georgia native, Nakhichevan native); Turkey native; Turkmenistan native; Uzbekistan native Asia-Tropical: Pakistan native; West Himalaya (Jammu-Kashmir native) Australasia: Victoria introduced Europe: Albania native; Austria nativeD; Bulgaria nativenativeE,F,G; CzechoslovakiaD,H (Slovakia nativenativeI); France (France nativenativeD); Greece nativenativeD,H; Italy nativenativeD,H; Krym native; Poland nativenativeD,J,K; Portugal nativenativeD; Romania nativenativeD,H,L; Sicily nativeD; Spain (Spain native); Switzerland nativeD; Turkey-in-Europe native; Ukraine (Ukraine native); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovina native, Croatia native, Macedonia native, Montenegro native, Serbia native)

Credits

Kalheber H. 2010: Image sources (1 added).

Bibliography

A. Andreev, N., Ančev, M., Kožuharov, S. I., Markova, M., Peev, D. & Petrova, A., Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. 1992 (as Taraxacum hoppeanum)
B. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
C. Handel-Mazzetti, H. von, Monographie der Gattung Taraxacum. 1907 (as Taraxacum hoppeanum aggr.)
D. Tutin T. G, Heywood V. H., Burges N. A. & al., Flora europaea 4. 1976 (as Taraxacum hoppeanum aggr.)
E. Andreev, N., Ančev, M., Kožuharov, S. I., Markova, M., Peev, D. & Petrova, A., Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. 1992 (as Taraxacum hoppeanum)
F. As’ov, B., Petrova, A., Dimitrov, D. & Vasilev, R., Konspekt na visšata flora na Bălgarija, ed. 2. 2002 (as Taraxacum hoppeanum)
G. Stojanov, N. & Stefanov, B., Flora na Bălgarija, 4 [Stojanov, N., Stefanov, B. & Kitanov, B.], 2. 1967 (as Taraxacum hoppeanum)
H. Tutin T. G, Heywood V. H., Burges N. A. & al., Flora europaea 4. 1976 (as Taraxacum hoppeanum)
I. Dostál J., Vel’ký kl’úc na určovanie vyšších rastlín 2. 1992 (as Taraxacum hoppeanum)
J. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M., Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist. in Biodivers. Poland 1. 2002 (as Taraxacum glaucanthos)
K. Mirek, Z., Vascular plants of Poland. A Checklist. in Polish Bot. Stud., Guideb. Ser. 15. 1995 (as Taraxacum glaucanthos)
L. Popescu, A. & Sanda, V., Conspectul florei cormofitelor spontane din România in Acta Bot. Horti Bucurest. [suppl.]. 1998 (as Taraxacum hoppeanum)