Melanoseris violifolia

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Melanoseris violifolia

https://pictures.bgbm.org/digilib/Scaler/IIIF/Cichorieae!Melanoseris_violifolia_A_04.jpg/full/full/0/default.jpg

Common names

Chinese (China): 西藏毛鳞菊 xi zang mao lin juA

Description

Herbs 50–70 cm tall, perennial. Stem solitary, erect, branched apically, glabrous or sparsely strigose. Basal, lower, and middle stem leaves with petiole 5–6 cm, slender, ± broadly winged toward base; leaf blade undivided or lyrately pinnatisect, margin sparsely sinuate-dentate to subentire; lateral lobes if present 1 pair, sessile or with a 7–8 mm winged petiolule, lanceolate to elliptic, to 2 × 1 cm; terminal lobe broadly triangular to triangular-ovate, 3–8 × 3–7 cm, base hastate, cordate, sagittate, or truncate, apex obtuse to rounded. Upper stem leaves similar to middle stem leaves or with much shorter winged basally narrow to clasping petiole and smaller blade with a basally cuneate terminal lobe. Synflorescence paniculiform, with several to 30 capitula and slender branches. Capitula with 4–6 florets; peduncle capillaceous. Involucre narrowly cylindric, 1.2–1.4 × ca. 0.3 cm. Phyllaries glabrous, apex acute to obtuse; outer phyllaries lanceolate, longest 4–5 mm; inner phyllaries 5(or 6). Florets bluish to reddish purple. Achene dark brown, narrowly ellipsoid, 6–7 mm, subcompressed, lateral ribs weakly broadened, apex truncate. Pappus double, outer hairs ca. 0.1 mm, bristles 6–8 mm. Fl. and fr. Jun–Aug.

from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 225. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.


Perennial herbs. Stems slender, ascending or scrambling, 60-100 cm, glabrescent. Leaves simple or pinnate with small lateral leaflets, long-petiolate, 3-12 cm, terminal leaflet ovate to triangular, 2-7 X 1.5-6 cm, apex obtuse to subacute, margins subentire or undulate-dentate, base cordate, hastate or sagittate, both surfaces glabrous; petioles 1.5-7 cm, with widely winged base. Flowers July to August. Inflorescences terminal or from upper leafaxils, forming a loose panicle; involucres narrowly campanulate, 3-4 mm wide; phyllaries 2- or 3-seriate; outer ones narrowly ovate, 3.5-4 X 1.2-1.5 mm, apex acute or obtuse, margins entire, glabrous on both surfaces or sparsely hairy outside; inner ones oblong-Ianceolate, 12-13 X 1.5-2 mm, apex obtuse, glabrous on both surfaces or sparsely hairy on midrib outside. Florets 5, rarely 6; corolla ligulate, mauve to purple, 17-20 X 3-3.5 mm, apex shallowly 3-5 incised; tubes 6-8 mm; ligule 10-12 mm, glabrous. Ovaries ellipsoid, compressed, ca. 2 mm, glabrous; pappus simple, white, 6-8 mm.

from: Ikeda, H. 2008: Compositae. – Pp. 332-379 in: Ohba, H., Iokawa, Y. & Sharma, L. R. 2008 (Ed.): Flora of Mustang, Nepal. – Tokyo. (as Cicerbita violaefolia)

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: TibetnativeA,B Asia-Tropical: Assam (AssamnativeC,D, MeghalayanativeC); East Himalaya (Arunachal PradeshnativeC,E, BhutannativeA,D,E, SikkimnativeE,F); India (Uttar PradeshnativeA,F,G); MyanmarnativeD,H; NepalnativeA,D,I; West Himalaya (Himachal PradeshnativeG, Jammu-KashmirnativeA,F,G,J)

Credits

Hu Guo-Xiong 2017: Images (8 added)

Bibliography

A. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
B. C. Shih, Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae 80(1). 1997 (as Cicerbita sikkimensis (Hook. f.) C. Shih)
C. Hajra P. K., Rao R. R., Singh D. K. and Uniyal B. P., Flora of India 12. 1995 (as Prenanthes hookeri Hook. f.)
D. Ikeda H. - Compositae in Ohba H., Iokawa Y. & Sharma L. R., Flora of Mustang, Nepal. 2008 (as Cicerbita violifolia (Decne.) Beauverd)
E. Grierson A. J. C. & Long D. G., Flora of Bhutan 2(3). 2001 (as Cicerbita violifolia (Decne.) Beauverd)
F. Hajra P. K., Rao R. R., Singh D. K. and Uniyal B. P., Flora of India 12. 1995 (as Prenanthes sikkimensis Hook. f.)
G. Hajra P. K., Rao R. R., Singh D. K. and Uniyal B. P., Flora of India 12. 1995 (as Prenanthes violifolia Decne.)
H. Kress W. J., DeFilipps R. A., Farr E. & Daw Yin Yin Kyi, A checklist of trees, shrubs, herbs and climbers of Myanmar in Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 45. 2003 (as Prenanthes hookeri Hook. f.)
I. Press J. R. & al., Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal; updated online version (as Prenanthes violifolia Decne.)
J. Ghafoor A. & al., Flora of Pakistan 222. Asteraceae (IV) Cichorieae. 2017 (as Melanoseris violifolia)