Crepis

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Crepis

Distribution

Africa: Algeria native; Angola native; Azores native; Burundi native; Cameroon native; Canary Is. native; Cape Provinces (Eastern Cape Province native); Djibouti introduced; Egypt native; Eritrea native; Ethiopia native; Free State native; Kenya native; KwaZulu-Natal native; Lesotho native; Libya native; Madeira native; Malawi native; Morocco native; Mozambique native; Nigeria native; Northern Provinces (Gauteng native, Mpumalanga native, North-West Province native, Northern Province native); Rwanda native; Selvagens native; Somalia native; Sudan native; Swaziland native; Tanzania native; Tunisia native; Uganda native; Zaire native; Zambia native; Zimbabwe native Asia-Temperate: Afghanistan native; Altay native; Amur native; Buryatiya native; China North-Central (Gansu native, Hebei native, Shaanxi native, Shanxi native); China South-Central (Guizhou native, Sichuan native, Yunnan native); China Southeast (Guangxi native); Chita native; Cyprus nativenative; East Aegean Is. native; Gulf States (United Arab Emirates native); Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol native); Iran native; Iraq native; Irkutsk native; Japan (Hokkaido native); Kamchatka native; Kazakhstan native; Khabarovsk native; Kirgizistan native; Korea native; Krasnoyarsk native; Kuril Is. native; Lebanon-Syria (Lebanon native, Syria native); Magadan native; Manchuria (Heilongjiang native, Jilin native, Liaoning native); Mongolia native; North Caucasus native (Chechnya native, Dagestan native, Kabardino-Balkariya native, Karacheyevo-Cherkessiya native, Krasnodar native, Severo-Osetiya native, Stavropol native); Oman native; Palestine (Israel native, Jordan native); Primorye native; Qinghai native; Sakhalin native; Saudi Arabia native; Sinai native; Tadzhikistan native; Tibet native; Transcaucasus (Abkhaziya native, Adzhariya native, Armenia native, Azerbaijan native, Georgia native, Nakhichevan native); Turkey native; Turkmenistan native; Tuva native; Uzbekistan native; West Siberia native; Xinjiang native; Yakutskiya native; Yemen (North Yemen native, South Yemen native) Asia-Tropical: East Himalaya (Bhutan native, Sikkim native); India (Uttar Pradesh native, West Bengal native); Laos native; Myanmar nativenative; Nepal native; Pakistan nativenative; Thailand native; Vietnam native; West Himalaya native (Himachal Pradesh native, Jammu-Kashmir native, Uttaranchal native) Australasia: Chatham Is. introduced; Kermadec Is. introduced; New South Wales (Australian Capital Territory introduced, New South Wales introduced); New Zealand North introduced; New Zealand South introduced; Queensland (Queensland introduced); South Australia introduced; Tasmania introduced; Victoria introduced; Western Australia (Western Australia introduced) Europe: Albania native; Austria native (Austria native, Liechtenstein native); Baleares native; Baltic States (Estonia native, Kaliningrad native, Latvia native, Lithuania native); Belarus native; Belgium native (Belgium native, Luxembourg native); Bulgaria native; Central European Russia native; Corse native; Czechoslovakia native (Czech Republic native, Slovakia native); Denmark native; East European Russia native; Finland native; France native; Germany native; Great Britain native; Greece native; Hungary native; Iceland introduced; Ireland native (Ireland native, Northern Ireland native); Italy native (Italy native); Kriti native; Krym native; Netherlands native; North European Russia native; Northwest European Russia native; Norway native; Poland native; Portugal native; Romania native; Sardegna native; Sicily native (Malta native, Sicily native); South European Russia native; Spain native (Andorra native, Gibraltar native, Spain native); Sweden native; Switzerland native; Turkey-in-Europe native; Ukraine (Moldova native, Ukraine native); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovina native, Croatia native, Macedonia native, Montenegro native, Serbia native, Slovenia native) Northern America: Alabama introduced; Alaska introduced; Alberta native; Arizona native; Arkansas introduced; British Columbia native; California native; Colorado native; Connecticut introduced; Delaware introduced; District of Columbia introduced; Florida introduced; Georgia, U.S.A. introduced; Greenland introduced; Idaho native; Illinois introduced; Indiana introduced; Iowa native; Kentucky introduced; Labrador introduced; Louisiana introduced; Maine introduced; Manitoba native; Maryland introduced; Massachusetts introduced; Mexico Gulf (Veracruz introduced); Mexico Northeast (Chihuahua native); Mexico Northwest (Sonora native); Michigan introduced; Minnesota native; Mississippi introduced; Missouri introduced; Montana native; Nebraska native; Nevada native; New Brunswick introduced; New Hampshire introduced; New Jersey introduced; New Mexico native; New York introduced; Newfoundland (Newfoundland introduced); North Carolina introduced; North Dakota native; Northwest Territories introduced; Nova Scotia introduced; Ohio introduced; Oklahoma introduced; Ontario introduced; Oregon native; Pennsylvania introduced; Québec introduced; Rhode I. introduced; Saskatchewan native; South Carolina introduced; South Dakota native; Tennessee introduced; Texas native; Utah native; Vermont introduced; Virginia introduced; Washington native; West Virginia introduced; Wisconsin introduced; Wyoming native; Yukon introduced South Sudan: native Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Argentina Distrito Federal introduced, Buenos Aires introduced, Córdoba introduced, Entre Ríos introduced, La Pampa introduced); Argentina Northwest (Mendoza introduced, San Juan introduced, San Luis introduced); Argentina South (Chubut introduced, Neuquén introduced, Rio Negro introduced, Santa Cruz introduced, Santa Fé introduced, Tierra del Fuego (Argentina) introduced); Bolivia introduced; Brazil South (Rio Grande do Sul introduced); Chile Central (Biobío introduced, La Araucania introduced, Maule introduced, O'Higgins introduced, Santiago introduced); Chile South (Aisén introduced, Los Lagos introduced, Magellanes introduced); Colombia introduced; Costa Rica introduced; Dominican Republic introduced; Juan Fernández Is. introduced; Uruguay introduced

Chromosome numbers

Diploids, tetraploids, hexaploids, octoploids; x = 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3.A

Description

Herbs, perennial, biennial, or annual, rhizomatous or with a taproot. Stems leafy or leafless. Leaves pinnate or not divided, margin entire or toothed. Synflorescence corymbiform, paniculiform, or racemiform, rarely a solitary capitulum. Capitula erect, medium to large in size. Involucre cylindric to campanulate. Phyllaries in several series; outer phyllaries ± imbricate, centripetally gradually longer, longest 1/4–2/3 or more as long as inner ones; inner phyllaries usually equal in length, linear-lanceolate, abaxially usually with simple and/or glandular hairs, rarely glabrous, adaxially glabrous or with appressed silky hairs. Receptacle naked [or more rarely paleate or with bristles]. Florets yellow [or more rarely reddish purple]. Achene cylindric to fusiform, with 10–20 equal finely spinulescent or smooth and glabrous ribs, apex distinctly attenuate, constricted, or beaked. Pappus white to pale yellowish, soft to rigidulous, scabrid, persistent or caducous.

from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 245. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Common names

Albanian (Albania): ShmangëB,1; Arabic (Lebanon): خُفِّيَّةC,1, سَراغَةC,1; Arabic (Syria): خُفِّيَّةD,1, سَراغَةD,1; Armenian (Armenia): ԶամբյուղախոտE,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): ДрипавкаF,1; Chinese (China): 还阳参属 huan yang shen shuG; English (Great Britain): Hawk's-beardH,1; Estonian (Estonia): KoeratubakasI,1; French (Corse): CrépideJ,1; German (Germany): GrundfesteK,1, PippauK,1; German (Switzerland): PippauL,1; Hebrew (Israel): נִיסָנִיתM,1, ניסניתM,1; Italian (Italy): RadicchiellaN,1; Italian (Switzerland): RadicchiellaL,1; Latvian (Latvia): CietpieneI,1; Lithuanian (Lithuania): KreisvėI,1; Polish (Poland): PępawaO,1; Romanian (Moldova): ГэлбенушP,1; Russian (Armenia): СкердаE,1; Swedish (Sweden): FibblorQ,1; Turkish (Turkey): KıskıR
1. recommended

Bibliography

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