Crepis

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Crepis

Description

Herbs, perennial, biennial, or annual, rhizomatous or with a taproot. Stems leafy or leafless. Leaves pinnate or not divided, margin entire or toothed. Synflorescence corymbiform, paniculiform, or racemiform, rarely a solitary capitulum. Capitula erect, medium to large in size. Involucre cylindric to campanulate. Phyllaries in several series; outer phyllaries ± imbricate, centripetally gradually longer, longest 1/4–2/3 or more as long as inner ones; inner phyllaries usually equal in length, linear-lanceolate, abaxially usually with simple and/or glandular hairs, rarely glabrous, adaxially glabrous or with appressed silky hairs. Receptacle naked [or more rarely paleate or with bristles]. Florets yellow [or more rarely reddish purple]. Achene cylindric to fusiform, with 10–20 equal finely spinulescent or smooth and glabrous ribs, apex distinctly attenuate, constricted, or beaked. Pappus white to pale yellowish, soft to rigidulous, scabrid, persistent or caducous.

from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 245. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Chromosome numbers

Diploids, tetraploids, hexaploids, octoploids; x = 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3.A

Distribution

Africa: Algerianative; Angolanative; Azoresnative; Burundinative; Cameroonnative; Canary Is.native; Cape Provinces (Eastern Cape Provincenative); Djiboutiintroduced; Egyptnative; Eritreanative; Ethiopianative; Free Statenative; Kenyanative; KwaZulu-Natalnative; Lesothonative; Libyanative; Madeiranative; Malawinative; Morocconative; Mozambiquenative; Nigerianative; Northern Provinces (Gautengnative, Mpumalanganative, North-West Provincenative, Northern Provincenative); Rwandanative; Selvagensnative; Somalianative; Sudannative; Swazilandnative; Tanzanianative; Tunisianative; Ugandanative; Zairenative; Zambianative; Zimbabwenative Asia-Temperate: Afghanistannative; Altaynative; Amurnative; Buryatiyanative; China North-Central (Gansunative, Hebeinative, Shaanxinative, Shanxinative); China South-Central (Guizhounative, Sichuannative, Yunnannative); China Southeast (Guangxinative); Chitanative; Cyprusnative; East Aegean Is.native; Gulf States (United Arab Emiratesnative); Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongolnative); Irannative; Iraqnative; Irkutsknative; Japan (Hokkaidonative); Kamchatkanative; Kazakhstannative; Khabarovsknative; Kirgizistannative; Koreanative; Krasnoyarsknative; Kuril Is.native; Lebanon-Syria (Lebanonnative, Syrianative); Magadannative; Manchuria (Heilongjiangnative, Jilinnative, Liaoningnative); Mongolianative; North Caucasusnative (Chechnyanative, Dagestannative, Kabardino-Balkariyanative, Karacheyevo-Cherkessiyanative, Krasnodarnative, Severo-Osetiyanative, Stavropolnative); Omannative; Palestine (Israelnative, Jordannative); Primoryenative; Qinghainative; Sakhalinnative; Saudi Arabianative; Sinainative; Tadzhikistannative; Tibetnative; Transcaucasus (Abkhaziyanative, Adzhariyanative, Armenianative, Azerbaijannative, Georgianative, Nakhichevannative); Turkeynative; Turkmenistannative; Tuvanative; Uzbekistannative; West Siberianative; Xinjiangnative; Yakutskiyanative; Yemen (North Yemennative, South Yemennative) Asia-Tropical: East Himalaya (Bhutannative, Sikkimnative); India (Uttar Pradeshnative, West Bengalnative); Laosnative; Myanmarnative; Nepalnative; Pakistannative; Thailandnative; Vietnamnative; West Himalayanative (Himachal Pradeshnative, Jammu-Kashmirnative, Uttaranchalnative) Australasia: Chatham Is.introduced; Kermadec Is.introduced; New South Wales (Australian Capital Territoryintroduced, New South Walesintroduced); New Zealand Northintroduced; New Zealand Southintroduced; Queensland (Queenslandintroduced); South Australiaintroduced; Tasmaniaintroduced; Victoriaintroduced; Western Australia (Western Australiaintroduced) Europe: Albanianative; Austrianative (Austrianative, Liechtensteinnative); Balearesnative; Baltic States (Estonianative, Kaliningradnative, Latvianative, Lithuanianative); Belarusnative; Belgiumnative (Belgiumnative, Luxembourgnative); Bulgarianative; Central European Russianative; Corsenative; Czechoslovakianative (Czech Republicnative, Slovakianative); Denmarknative; East European Russianative; Finlandnative; Francenative; Germanynative; Great Britainnative; Greecenative; Hungarynative; Icelandintroduced; Irelandnative (Irelandnative, Northern Irelandnative); Italynative (Italynative); Kritinative; Krymnative; Netherlandsnative; North European Russianative; Northwest European Russianative; Norwaynative; Polandnative; Portugalnative; Romanianative; Sardegnanative; Sicilynative (Maltanative, Sicilynative); South European Russianative; Spainnative (Andorranative, Gibraltarnative, Spainnative); Swedennative; Switzerlandnative; Turkey-in-Europenative; Ukraine (Moldovanative, Ukrainenative); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovinanative, Croatianative, Macedonianative, Montenegronative, Serbianative, Slovenianative) Northern America: Alabamaintroduced; Alaskaintroduced; Albertanative; Arizonanative; Arkansasintroduced; British Columbianative; Californianative; Coloradonative; Connecticutintroduced; Delawareintroduced; District of Columbiaintroduced; Floridaintroduced; Georgia, U.S.A.introduced; Greenlandintroduced; Idahonative; Illinoisintroduced; Indianaintroduced; Iowanative; Kentuckyintroduced; Labradorintroduced; Louisianaintroduced; Maineintroduced; Manitobanative; Marylandintroduced; Massachusettsintroduced; Mexico Gulf (Veracruzintroduced); Mexico Northeast (Chihuahuanative); Mexico Northwest (Sonoranative); Michiganintroduced; Minnesotanative; Mississippiintroduced; Missouriintroduced; Montananative; Nebraskanative; Nevadanative; New Brunswickintroduced; New Hampshireintroduced; New Jerseyintroduced; New Mexiconative; New Yorkintroduced; Newfoundland (Newfoundlandintroduced); North Carolinaintroduced; North Dakotanative; Northwest Territoriesintroduced; Nova Scotiaintroduced; Ohiointroduced; Oklahomaintroduced; Ontariointroduced; Oregonnative; Pennsylvaniaintroduced; Québecintroduced; Rhode I.introduced; Saskatchewannative; South Carolinaintroduced; South Dakotanative; Tennesseeintroduced; Texasnative; Utahnative; Vermontintroduced; Virginiaintroduced; Washingtonnative; West Virginiaintroduced; Wisconsinintroduced; Wyomingnative; Yukonintroduced South Sudan: native Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Argentina Distrito Federalintroduced, Buenos Airesintroduced, Córdobaintroduced, Entre Ríosintroduced, La Pampaintroduced); Argentina Northwest (Mendozaintroduced, San Juanintroduced, San Luisintroduced); Argentina South (Chubutintroduced, Neuquénintroduced, Rio Negrointroduced, Santa Cruzintroduced, Santa Féintroduced, Tierra del Fuego (Argentina)introduced); Boliviaintroduced; Brazil South (Rio Grande do Sulintroduced); Chile Central (Biobíointroduced, La Araucaniaintroduced, Mauleintroduced, O'Higginsintroduced, Santiagointroduced); Chile South (Aisénintroduced, Los Lagosintroduced, Magellanesintroduced); Colombiaintroduced; Costa Ricaintroduced; Dominican Republicintroduced; Juan Fernández Is.introduced; Uruguayintroduced

Common names

Albanian (Albania): ShmangëB,1; Arabic (Lebanon): خُفِّيَّةC,1, سَراغَةC,1; Arabic (Syria): خُفِّيَّةD,1, سَراغَةD,1; Armenian (Armenia): ԶամբյուղախոտE,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): ДрипавкаF,1; Chinese (China): 还阳参属 huan yang shen shuG; English (Great Britain): Hawk's-beardH,1; Estonian (Estonia): KoeratubakasI,1; French (Corse): CrépideJ,1; German (Germany): GrundfesteK,1, PippauK,1; German (Switzerland): PippauL,1; Hebrew (Israel): נִיסָנִיתM,1, ניסניתM,1; Italian (Italy): RadicchiellaN,1; Italian (Switzerland): RadicchiellaL,1; Latvian (Latvia): CietpieneI,1; Lithuanian (Lithuania): KreisvėI,1; Polish (Poland): PępawaO,1; Romanian (Moldova): ГэлбенушP,1; Russian (Armenia): СкердаE,1; Swedish (Sweden): FibblorQ,1; Turkish (Turkey): KıskıR
1. recommended

Bibliography

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