Geropogon hybridus

Primary tabs

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Geropogon_hybridus_Bc_01.JPG

Distribution

Africa: Algeria (AlgerianativeA); Canary Is. (Canary Is.introducedB); Egypt (EgyptnativeC,D); KwaZulu-Natal (KwaZulu-NatalintroducedE); Libya (LibyanativeF,G,H); Madeira (MadeiranativeB); MorocconativeI,J,K; Tunisia (TunisianativeL) Asia-Temperate: Cyprus (CyprusnativeM,N,O,P); East Aegean Is. (East Aegean Is.nativeM,Q,R,S); Iran (IrannativeT,U,V); Iraq (IraqnativeT,U,W,X); Lebanon-Syria (LebanonnativeM,Y,Z, SyrianativeAA,M,Y,Z); Palestine (IsraelnativeAA,AB,AC,M,Z, JordannativeAA,AB,AC,AD,AE); Transcaucasus (Abkhaziyanative, AdzhariyanativeAF,AG, AzerbaijannativeAH,AI,AJ,AK,M, GeorgianativeAF,AK); Turkey (TurkeynativeAL,AM,Q) Australasia: South Australia (South AustraliaintroducedAN) Europe: Albania (AlbanianativeAO,AP,AQ,AR); Baleares (BalearesnativeAP,AS,AT,AU,AV,AW,AX); Corse (CorseintroducedAY); FrancenativeAP,AZ,BA,BB,BC; Greece (GreecenativeAP,BD,BE,M,R,S); ItalynativeAP,BF,BG,BH,BI; Kriti (KritinativeAP,BD,BE,BJ,M,R,S); Krym (Krymnative: doubtfully nativeAJ,BK,BL,BM,M); Poland (Polandintroduced: adventitious (casual)BN,BO); Portugal (PortugalnativeAP,AX,BP,BQ,BR); Sardegna (SardegnanativeAP,BF,BG,BH,BI); Sicily (MaltanativeBG, SicilynativeAP,BF,BG,BH,BI); Spain (SpainnativeAP,AS,AT,AX,BS,BT,BU); Turkey-in-Europe (Turkey-in-EuropenativeAM,AP,BV,M,Q,S); Ukraine (UkrainenativeBW); Yugoslavia (CroatianativeBE,BG,BX, Macedonianative: presence questionableBY)

Description

Herb, annual, 10-40-(80) cm high. Flowering stems erect, sulcate, usually glabrous, weakly branched or unbranched. Cauline leaves narrowly linear, grass-like, up to 18.0 cm long, 0.8 cm wide, acuminate, semiamplexicaul or amplexicaul, glabrous or pubescent at base. Peduncle hollow or swollen below heads. Involucre at flowering campanulate; involucral bracts linear or linear-ovate, c. 30.0 mm long, 2.5-3.0 mm wide, acuminate, glabrous. Corolla ligulate, pink or violet; tube c. 3.5 mm long, glabrous; ligule 12.0-14.0 mm long, c. 3.0 mm wide. Anthertube dark purplish, c. 2.5 mm long; apical appendages subacute. Style c. 7.0 mm long; branches c. 2.5 mm long. Achenes dimorphic, narrowly fusiform or cylindrical in outline, 2.0-2.5 mm long, 1.5 mm wide, pale brown, with a filiform beak; beak c. 2.5 mm long; outer achenes smooth; inner achenes prominently ribbed with 10 ribs. Pappus of outer achenes 2.0-9.0-(12.0) mm long, scabridulous, consisting of 5 unequal awns; pappus of inner achenes 12.0-18.0 mm long, plumose, consisting of 20 unequal bristles.

Based on: Bobrov, E. G. and Tzvelev, N. N. (ed.) 2000: Flora of the USSR XXIX, Compositae, Tribe Cichorieae. – Enfield; Matthew, V. A. 1975: 104. Geropogon – Pp. 668-669 in: Davis, P.H. et al (ed.), Flora of Turkey 5. – Edinburgh; Meikle, R.D. 1985: Flora auf Cyprus 2. – Kew.

Common names

Albanian (Albania): Lulebrigje hibrideBZ,1; Arabic (Lebanon): سَلْسَفيل هَجينCA,1; Arabic (Syria): سَلْسَفيل هَجينCB,1; Catalan; Valencian (Baleares): Cuixes de burberaAX; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): Cama serradaAX; French (Corse): Salsifis glabreCC,1; French (France): Salsifis hybrideCD,1; Hebrew (Israel): זְקַן-סָב מָצוּיCE,1, זקן-סב מצויCE,1; Italian (Italy): Barba di Becco annuaCF,1; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): Barba machoAX, BarbonAX, Teta de vacaAX; Swedish (Sweden): Späd haverrotCG,1; Turkish (Turkey): Melez yemlikAL
1. recommended

Credits

Willing E. 2017: Images (4 added)
Christodoulou C. S. 2009: Images (2 added).

Bibliography

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D. Boulos, L., Flora of Egypt 3. 2002
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I. Jahandiez, E. & Maire, R., Catalogue des plantes du Maroc 3. 1934 (as Geropogon glaber)
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K. Valdés, B., Rejdali, M., Achhal El Khadmiri, A., Jury, S. L. & Montserrat, J. M., Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d’identification 2. 2002
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AH. Grossgejm, A. A., Flora kavkaza 4. 1934 (as Geropogon glaber)
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AJ. Komarov, Fl. URSS 29. 1964
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AP. Tutin, T. G. & al., Flora Europaea. 1964-1993 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
AQ. Vangjeli, A., Flora e Shqiperise 4. 1999 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
AR. Vangjeli, J., Udhëheqës fushor i florës së Shqipërisë. 2003 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
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AT. Bolòs, O. de & Vigo, J., Flora dels països catalans 3. 1995 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
AU. Duvigneaud, J., Catalogue provisoire de la flore des Baléares [ed. 2] in Soc. Échange Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Médit. 17, suppl. 1979 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
AV. Fraga, P., Mascaró, C., Carreras, D., Garcia, O., Pallicer, X., Pons, M., Seoane, M. & Truyol, M., Catàleg de la flora vascular de Menorca. 2004 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
AW. Knoche, H., Flora balearica 2. 1922 (as Geropogon glaber)
AX. Talavera S. & al. (ed.), Flora iberica 16(2). Compositae (partim). 2017
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BA. Coste, H., Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France. Supplément 3. 1975 (as Tragopogon geropogon)
BB. Fournier, P., Les quatre flores de la France, Corse comprise. 1934-1940 (as Tragopogon geropogon)
BC. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de, Flore de France 4. 1982 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BD. Halácsy, E. de, Conspectus florae graecae 2. 1902 (as Geropogon glaber)
BE. Hayek, A. von, Prodromus florae peninsulae balcanicae, 2 in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2). 1928-1931 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
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BG. Fiori, A., Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2. 1925-1929 (as Geropogon glaber)
BH. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982 (as Geropogon glaber)
BI. Zangheri, P., Flora italica 1. 1976 (as Tragopogon glaber)
BJ. Jahn, R. & Schönfelder, P., Exkursionsflora für Kreta. 1995
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BL. Vul’f, E. V., Flora Kryma/Flora Taurica 3(2). 1966
BM. Vul’f, E. V., Flora Kryma/Flora Taurica 3(2). 1966 (as Geropogon glaber)
BN. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M., in Biodivers. Poland 1. 2002 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BO. Rostański, K. & Sowa, R., Alfabetyczny wyzak efemerofitów Polski in Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 31-32. 1987 (as Tragopogon glaber)
BP. Coutinho, A. X. P., A flora de Portugal, ed. 2. 1939 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BQ. Franco, J. Do Amaral, Nova flora de Portugal (continente e Açores). 2. 1984 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BR. Sampaio, G., Flora portuguesa, ed. 2. 1947 (as Tragopogon australis)
BS. Valdes, B., Talavera, S. & Fernandez-Galiano, E., Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental 3. 1987 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BT. Willkomm, M. & Lange J., Prodromus florae hispanicae 2. 1865-1870 (as Geropogon glaber)
BU. Willkomm, M., Supplementum Prodromi florae hispanicae 2. 1893 (as Geropogon glaber)
BV. Webb, D. A., The Flora of European Turkey in Proc. Roy. Irish Acad., B 65/B/1. 1966 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BW. Mosyakin, S. L. & Fedoronchuk, M. M. , Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. 1999
BX. Nikolić, T., Flora Croatica. Index florae Croaticae, 3 in Nat. Croat. 9, suppl. 1. 2000 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BY. Hayek, A. von, Prodromus florae peninsulae balcanicae, 2 in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2). 1928-1931
BZ. Vangjeli, J., Flora e Shqipërisë 4. 1999 (as Tragopogon hybridus L.)
CA. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000 (as Tragopogon hybridus L.)
CB. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008 (as Tragopogon hybridus L.)
CC. Jeanmonod D. & Gamisans J., Flora Corsica. 2007 (as Geropogon glaber L.)
CD. Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica], Tela Botanica, le réseau de la botanique francophone. Flores en ligne, France métropolitaine
CE. Avinoam Danin, Flora of Israel Online - http://flora.huji.ac.il
CF. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982 (as Geropogon glaber L.)
CG. Karlsson, T., Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter . 2004 (as Tragopogon hybridus L.)