Geropogon hybridus

Primary tabs

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Geropogon_hybridus_Bc_01.JPG

Common names

Albanian (Albania): Lulebrigje hibrideA,1; Arabic (Lebanon): سَلْسَفيل هَجينB,1; Arabic (Syria): سَلْسَفيل هَجينC,1; Catalan; Valencian (Baleares): Cuixes de burberaD; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): Cama serradaD; French (Corse): Salsifis glabreE,1; French (France): Salsifis hybrideF,1; Hebrew (Israel): זְקַן-סָב מָצוּיG,1, זקן-סב מצויG,1; Italian (Italy): Barba di Becco annuaH,1; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): Barba machoD, BarbonD, Teta de vacaD; Swedish (Sweden): Späd haverrotI,1; Turkish (Turkey): Melez yemlikJ
1. recommended

Description

Herb, annual, 10-40-(80) cm high. Flowering stems erect, sulcate, usually glabrous, weakly branched or unbranched. Cauline leaves narrowly linear, grass-like, up to 18.0 cm long, 0.8 cm wide, acuminate, semiamplexicaul or amplexicaul, glabrous or pubescent at base. Peduncle hollow or swollen below heads. Involucre at flowering campanulate; involucral bracts linear or linear-ovate, c. 30.0 mm long, 2.5-3.0 mm wide, acuminate, glabrous. Corolla ligulate, pink or violet; tube c. 3.5 mm long, glabrous; ligule 12.0-14.0 mm long, c. 3.0 mm wide. Anthertube dark purplish, c. 2.5 mm long; apical appendages subacute. Style c. 7.0 mm long; branches c. 2.5 mm long. Achenes dimorphic, narrowly fusiform or cylindrical in outline, 2.0-2.5 mm long, 1.5 mm wide, pale brown, with a filiform beak; beak c. 2.5 mm long; outer achenes smooth; inner achenes prominently ribbed with 10 ribs. Pappus of outer achenes 2.0-9.0-(12.0) mm long, scabridulous, consisting of 5 unequal awns; pappus of inner achenes 12.0-18.0 mm long, plumose, consisting of 20 unequal bristles.

Based on: Bobrov, E. G. and Tzvelev, N. N. (ed.) 2000: Flora of the USSR XXIX, Compositae, Tribe Cichorieae. – Enfield; Matthew, V. A. 1975: 104. Geropogon – Pp. 668-669 in: Davis, P.H. et al (ed.), Flora of Turkey 5. – Edinburgh; Meikle, R.D. 1985: Flora auf Cyprus 2. – Kew.

Distribution

Africa: Algeria (AlgerianativeK); Canary Is. (Canary Is.introducedL); Egypt (EgyptnativeM,N); KwaZulu-Natal (KwaZulu-NatalintroducedO); Libya (LibyanativeP,Q,R); Madeira (MadeiranativeL); MorocconativeS,T,U; Tunisia (TunisianativeV) Asia-Temperate: Cyprus (CyprusnativeW,X,Y,Z); East Aegean Is. (East Aegean Is.nativeAA,AB,AC,W); Iran (IrannativeAD,AE,AF); Iraq (IraqnativeAD,AE,AG,AH); Lebanon-Syria (LebanonnativeAI,AJ,W, SyrianativeAI,AJ,AK,W); Palestine (IsraelnativeAJ,AK,AL,AM,W, JordannativeAK,AL,AM,AN,AO); Transcaucasus (Abkhaziyanative, AdzhariyanativeAP,AQ, AzerbaijannativeAR,AS,AT,AU,W, GeorgianativeAP,AU); Turkey (TurkeynativeAA,AV,J) Australasia: South Australia (South AustraliaintroducedAW) Europe: Albania (AlbanianativeAX,AY,AZ,BA); Baleares (BalearesnativeAY,BB,BC,BD,BE,BF,D); Corse (CorseintroducedBG); FrancenativeAY,BH,BI,BJ,BK; Greece (GreecenativeAB,AC,AY,BL,BM,W); ItalynativeAY,BN,BO,BP,BQ; Kriti (KritinativeAB,AC,AY,BL,BM,BR,W); Krym (Krymnative: doubtfully nativeAT,BS,BT,BU,W); Poland (Polandintroduced: adventitious (casual)BV,BW); Portugal (PortugalnativeAY,BX,BY,BZ,D); Sardegna (SardegnanativeAY,BN,BO,BP,BQ); Sicily (MaltanativeBO, SicilynativeAY,BN,BO,BP,BQ); Spain (SpainnativeAY,BB,BC,CA,CB,CC,D); Turkey-in-Europe (Turkey-in-EuropenativeAA,AC,AV,AY,CD,W); Ukraine (UkrainenativeCE); Yugoslavia (CroatianativeBM,BO,CF, Macedonianative: presence questionableCG)

Credits

Willing E. 2017: Images (4 added)
Christodoulou C. S. 2009: Images (2 added).

Bibliography

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B. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000 (as Tragopogon hybridus L.)
C. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008 (as Tragopogon hybridus L.)
D. Talavera S. & al. (ed.), Flora iberica 16(2). Compositae (partim). 2017
E. Jeanmonod D. & Gamisans J., Flora Corsica. 2007 (as Geropogon glaber L.)
F. Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica], Tela Botanica, le réseau de la botanique francophone. Flores en ligne, France métropolitaine
G. Avinoam Danin, Flora of Israel Online - http://flora.huji.ac.il
H. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982 (as Geropogon glaber L.)
I. Karlsson, T., Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter . 2004 (as Tragopogon hybridus L.)
J. Güner A. (ed.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). 2012
K. Quézel, P. & Santa, S., Nouvelle flore de l'Algérie et des régions désertiques méridionales 2. 1963 (as Geropogon glaber)
L. Hansen A. & Sunding P., Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4th revised edition in Sommerfeltia 17. 1994 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
M. Boissier, E., Flora Orientalis, Supplementum. 1888 (as Geropogon glaber)
N. Boulos, L., Flora of Egypt 3. 2002
O. Herman P. P. J., Plants of Southern Africa: Cichorium - Youngia in Strelitzia 14. 2003
P. Boulos, L., A check-list of the Libyan flora 3. Compositae (by C. Jeffrey). in Candollea 34. 1979 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
Q. Jafri, S. M. H. & El-Gadi, A. , Flora of Libya 107. 1983 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
R. Pampanini, R., Prodromo della flora cirenaica. 1931 (as Geropogon glaber)
S. Jahandiez, E. & Maire, R., Catalogue des plantes du Maroc 3. 1934 (as Geropogon glaber)
T. Nègre, R. , Petite flore des régions arides du Maroc occidental 2. 1962 (as Geropogon glaber)
U. Valdés, B., Rejdali, M., Achhal El Khadmiri, A., Jury, S. L. & Montserrat, J. M., Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d’identification 2. 2002
V. Pottier-Alapetite, G., Flore de la Tunisie. Angiospermes-Dicotyledones 2. Gamopetales 2. 1981 (as Geropogon glaber)
W. Boissier, E., Flora Orientalis 3. 1875 (as Geropogon glaber)
X. Meikle, R. D., Flora of Cyprus 2. 1985
Y. Osorio-Tafall, B. H. & Serafim, G. M., List of the vascular plants of Cyprus. 1973 (as Tragopogon glaber)
Z. Viney, D. E., An illustrated flora of North Cyprus 1. 1994
AA. Davis P. H., Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5. 1975
AB. Dimopoulos P. & al., Vascular plants of Greece, an annotated checklist. Englera 31. 2013 (as Geropogon hybridus)
AC. Rechinger, K. H., Flora Aegaea. Flora der Inseln und Halbinseln des Ägäischen Meeres in Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 105(1). 1944 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
AD. Heller D. & Heyn C. C., Conspectus Florae Orientalis 8. 1993
AE. Rechinger K. H., 3. Koelpinia - 8. Geropogon in Fl. Iran. 122. 1977
AF. Safavi S. R. & al. - 77. Asteraceae tribe Cichorieae in Assadi M. & al., Flora of Iran. 2013
AG. Matthews V. A. - 103. Tragopogon L. - 104. Geropogon L. in Davis, P. H., Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5. 1975
AH. Mouterde P.(†), Charpin A. & Greuter W., Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie 3 (Texte). 1978 (as Tragopogon hybridus L.)
AI. Mouterde, P., Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. Texte 3. 1978-1984 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
AJ. Post, G. E. , Flora of Syria, Palestine and Sinai 2. 1933 (as Geropogon glaber)
AK. Zohary, M. & Feinbrun-Dothan, N., Flora Palaestina 3. 1978
AL. Danin A. & al., Flora of Israel online
AM. Kasapligil, B., Plants of Jordan with notes on their ecology and economic uses. 1956
AN. Al-Eisawi, D., List of Jordan vascular plants in Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 18. 1982
AO. Taifour H., El-Oqlah A. & (ed.) Ghazanfar S. A., The plants of Jordan, an annotated checklist. 2017
AP. Gagnidze, R., Flora Gruzii, ed. 2, 14. 2003
AQ. Kechoveli, N. N., Flora Gruzii 8. 1952 (as Geropogon glaber)
AR. Grossgejm, A. A., Flora kavkaza 4. 1934 (as Geropogon glaber)
AS. Karjagin, I. I., Flora azerbajdžana 8. 1961 (as Geropogon glaber)
AT. Komarov, Fl. URSS 29. 1964
AU. Tahtadžjan, A. L., Konspekt flory Kavkaza / Conspectus Florae Caucasi 3(1), 2008
AV. Seçmen, Ö. & Leblebici, E., Gökçeada ve Bozcaada adalarının vejetasyon ve florası. II. Florası. in Bitki 5. 1978
AW. Thompson I. R. & al. - Asteraceae tribe Cichorieae in Wilson A. (ed.), Flora of Australia 37. 2015 (as Tragopogon hybridus L.)
AX. Demiri, M., Flora ekskursioniste e shqiperise. 1983 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
AY. Tutin, T. G. & al., Flora Europaea. 1964-1993 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
AZ. Vangjeli, A., Flora e Shqiperise 4. 1999 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BA. Vangjeli, J., Udhëheqës fushor i florës së Shqipërisë. 2003 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BB. Bolos, O. de & al., Flora manual dels països catalans. 1990 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BC. Bolòs, O. de & Vigo, J., Flora dels països catalans 3. 1995 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BD. Duvigneaud, J., Catalogue provisoire de la flore des Baléares [ed. 2] in Soc. Échange Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Médit. 17, suppl. 1979 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BE. Fraga, P., Mascaró, C., Carreras, D., Garcia, O., Pallicer, X., Pons, M., Seoane, M. & Truyol, M., Catàleg de la flora vascular de Menorca. 2004 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BF. Knoche, H., Flora balearica 2. 1922 (as Geropogon glaber)
BG. Jeanmonod D. & Schlüssel A., Compléments au Prodrome de la Flore Corse. Asteraceae III. 2012
BH. Coste, H., Flore descriptive et illustree de la France 2. 1902-1903 (as Geropogon glaber)
BI. Coste, H., Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France. Supplément 3. 1975 (as Tragopogon geropogon)
BJ. Fournier, P., Les quatre flores de la France, Corse comprise. 1934-1940 (as Tragopogon geropogon)
BK. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de, Flore de France 4. 1982 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BL. Halácsy, E. de, Conspectus florae graecae 2. 1902 (as Geropogon glaber)
BM. Hayek, A. von, Prodromus florae peninsulae balcanicae, 2 in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2). 1928-1931 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BN. Conti, F., Abbate, G., Alessandrini, A., Blasi, C. (eds.), An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora. 2005 (as Geropogon glaber)
BO. Fiori, A., Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2. 1925-1929 (as Geropogon glaber)
BP. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982 (as Geropogon glaber)
BQ. Zangheri, P., Flora italica 1. 1976 (as Tragopogon glaber)
BR. Jahn, R. & Schönfelder, P., Exkursionsflora für Kreta. 1995
BS. Fedorov, A. A., Flora evropejskoj časti SSSR 8 [Cvelev, N. N.]. 1989
BT. Vul’f, E. V., Flora Kryma/Flora Taurica 3(2). 1966
BU. Vul’f, E. V., Flora Kryma/Flora Taurica 3(2). 1966 (as Geropogon glaber)
BV. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M., in Biodivers. Poland 1. 2002 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BW. Rostański, K. & Sowa, R., Alfabetyczny wyzak efemerofitów Polski in Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 31-32. 1987 (as Tragopogon glaber)
BX. Coutinho, A. X. P., A flora de Portugal, ed. 2. 1939 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BY. Franco, J. Do Amaral, Nova flora de Portugal (continente e Açores). 2. 1984 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
BZ. Sampaio, G., Flora portuguesa, ed. 2. 1947 (as Tragopogon australis)
CA. Valdes, B., Talavera, S. & Fernandez-Galiano, E., Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental 3. 1987 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
CB. Willkomm, M. & Lange J., Prodromus florae hispanicae 2. 1865-1870 (as Geropogon glaber)
CC. Willkomm, M., Supplementum Prodromi florae hispanicae 2. 1893 (as Geropogon glaber)
CD. Webb, D. A., The Flora of European Turkey in Proc. Roy. Irish Acad., B 65/B/1. 1966 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
CE. Mosyakin, S. L. & Fedoronchuk, M. M. , Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. 1999
CF. Nikolić, T., Flora Croatica. Index florae Croaticae, 3 in Nat. Croat. 9, suppl. 1. 2000 (as Tragopogon hybridus)
CG. Hayek, A. von, Prodromus florae peninsulae balcanicae, 2 in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2). 1928-1931