Urospermum picroides

Primary tabs

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Urospermum_picroides_A_01.JPG

Distribution

Africa: Algeria (AlgerianativeA); Azores (AçôresnativeB,C,D); Canary Is. (Canary Is.nativeC); Cape Provinces (Eastern Cape ProvinceintroducedE,F, Western Cape ProvinceintroducedE,F,G); Cape Verde (Cape VerdeintroducedH); Egypt (EgyptnativeI,J,K); KwaZulu-Natal (KwaZulu-NatalintroducedE,F); Libya (LibyanativeL,M,N); Madeira (MadeiranativeC); MorocconativeO,P,Q,R; Sudan (SudannativeS); Tunisia (TunisianativeT) Asia-Temperate: Cyprus (CyprusnativeU,V,W,X,Y); East Aegean Is. (East Aegean Is.nativeAA,AB,AC,Z); Gulf States (QatarintroducedAD, United Arab EmiratesnativeAE,AF); Iran (IrannativeAG,AH,AI); Iraq (IraqnativeAG,AH,AJ); Lebanon-Syria (LebanonnativeAK,AL,U, SyrianativeAK,AL,AM,U); Oman (OmannativeAG,AN); Palestine (IsraelnativeAL,AO,AP,AQ,AR,U, JordannativeAL,AP,AR,AS,AT); Saudi Arabia (Saudi ArabianativeAG,AU,AV); Sinai (SinainativeAL,AW,AX,J,K); Transcaucasus (Abkhaziyanative, AdzhariyanativeAY,AZ,BA, ArmenianativeBB,BC, AzerbaijannativeAZ,BB,BD,BE,U, GeorgianativeAY); Turkey (TurkeynativeBF,BG,U,Z); Yemen (North YemennativeAG,BH, South YemennativeBH) Asia-Tropical: Pakistan (PakistannativeAH,BI) Australasia: New South Wales (New South WalesintroducedBJ,BK,BL); Queensland (QueenslandintroducedBL); South Australia (South AustraliaintroducedBJ,BK,BL,BM); Victoria (VictoriaintroducedBJ,BK,BL,BM); Western Australia (Western AustraliaintroducedBJ,BK,BL,BM,BN,BO,BP) Europe: Albania (AlbanianativeBQ,BR,BS,D); Baleares (BalearesnativeBT,BU,BV,BW,BX,BY,BZ,D); Bulgaria (BulgarianativeCA,CB); Corse (CorsenativeCC,CD,CE,CF,CG,D); FrancenativeBU,CC,CD,CE,D; Greece (GreecenativeAA,AB,CH,CI,CJ,CK,D,U); ItalynativeCL,CM,CN,CO,CP,D; Kriti (KritinativeAA,AB,AC,CH,CJ,CQ,D); Portugal (PortugalnativeB,BZ,CR,CS,CT,CU,D); Sardegna (SardegnanativeCL,CM,CN,CO,CP,D); SicilynativeD (MaltanativeCV, SicilynativeCL,CM,CN,CO,CP); Spain (GibraltarnativeCW, SpainnativeBT,BU,BZ,CX,CY,CZ,D); Turkey-in-Europe (Turkey-in-EuropenativeD,DA,DB,Z); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-HerzegovinanativeDC, CroatianativeCJ,DD,DE, Macedonianative: presence questionableCJ, MontenegronativeCJ,DF, SlovenianativeDG,DH) Northern America: California (CaliforniaintroducedDI) Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Argentina Distrito FederalintroducedDJ, Buenos AiresintroducedDJ); Argentina South (Santa FéintroducedDJ); Chile Central (CoquimbointroducedDJ, SantiagointroducedDJ, ValparaísointroducedDJ); Uruguay (UruguayintroducedDJ)

Habitat and ecology

The species occurs on cultivated ground, in dry grassland and waste places.

Description

Herb, annual, (10)-20-50 cm high, hispidulous. Flowering stems erect, sulcate, spinulose and hispid, usually branched. Cauline leaves papery. Lower cauline leaves oblong-obovate, 4.0-30.0 cm long, 1.5-8.0 cm wide, lyrate-pinnatisect, dentate, subentire or lacerate, obtuse or acute, petiole-like attenuate, hispidulous below along the nerves. Middle and upper cauline leaves auriculate with acute or rounded projecting auricles and amplexicaul. Peduncle up to 15.0 cm long. Involucre 1.5-1.8 mm long, at flowering 1.0-1.8 mm in diameter, at fruiting reflexed, hispid; involucral bracts narrowly ovate, 13.0-22.0 mm long, (3.0)-5.0-8.0 mm wide, green, often with a dark violet margin, margin white scarious. Receptacle alveolate, without scales. Corolla ligulate, yellow; tube c. 7.0 mm long, pilose towards apex; ligule 10.0-11.0 mm long, 1.5 mm wide, tinged purple towards apex. Anthertube c. 2.5 mm long; apical appendages obtuse. Style 10.0-11.0 mm long; branches c. 1.0 mm long. Achenes cylindrical in outline, slightly compressed, 5.0-6.5 mm long, scabridulous or smooth, transversely wrinkled, brown, with a filiform beak, ending in a distinct apical disk, about 0.3 mm diameter; beak c. 8.0 mm long. Pappus white, c. 10.0 mm long, plumose.

Based on: Bobrov, E. G. and Tzvelev, N. N. (ed.) 2000: Flora of the USSR XXIX, Compositae, Tribe Cichorieae. – Enfield.; Meikle, R.D. 1985: Flora auf Cyprus 2. – Kew; Sell, P. D. 1976: 157. Urospermum Scop. – Pp. 308 in: Tutin, G. & al. (ed.), Flora Europaea 4. – Cambridge.D

Common names

Albanian (Albania): Rrëshiell i egërDK,1; Arabic (Lebanon): سَليسDL,1, مُذَنَّبَة مُرَّيْرِيَّةDL,1; Arabic (Saudi Arabia): UdhaidhAU; Arabic (Syria): سَليسDM,1, مُذَنَّبَة مُرَّيْرِيَّةDM,1; Arabic (United Arab Emirates): 'adheedAF, khioachAF, salisAF, uddaidhaAF; Armenian (Armenia): Պոչասերմիկ դառնիճանմանDN,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Пикровиден уроспермумCA,1; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): AmargallBZ, Barbes de vellBZ, Morro de porcBZ; English (Australia): False HawkbitBJ,BK,BN,BP, False hawkbitBM; French (Corse): Urosperme faux picrisDO,1; French (France): Urosperme fausse PicrideDP,1, Urosperme faux PicrisDP,1; Hebrew (Israel): אֶזְנָב מָצוּיDQ,1, אזנב מצויDQ,1; Italian (Italy): Boccione minoreCO,1; Portuguese (Portugal): Leituga-de-burroBZ; Russian (Armenia): Хвостосемянник горчаковидныйDN,1; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): Barbas de viejoBZ, CerrajónBZ, FárfaraBZ; Turkish (Turkey): AcıyemlikBF
1. recommended

Uses

In the Iberian Penisula the green parts have been used in folk medicine in infusions like diuretics, digestives and tonics. The extracts have been applied to cure urinary tract infections, vaginitis, cervicitis and gastrointestinal disorders.

The basal leaves are used in salads; the capitula in bud are used in the same way as capers.BZ

Credits

Christodoulou C. S. 2009: Images (2 added)
Gemeinholzer B. 2009: Images (2 added).
Willing E. 2012: Images (1 added)

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