Urospermum picroides

Primary tabs

Urospermum picroides

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Urospermum_picroides_A_01.JPG

Common names

Albanian (Albania): Rrëshiell i egërA,1; Arabic (Lebanon): سَليسB,1, مُذَنَّبَة مُرَّيْرِيَّةB,1; Arabic (Saudi Arabia): UdhaidhC; Arabic (Syria): سَليسD,1, مُذَنَّبَة مُرَّيْرِيَّةD,1; Arabic (United Arab Emirates): 'adheedE, khioachE, salisE, uddaidhaE; Armenian (Armenia): Պոչասերմիկ դառնիճանմանF,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Пикровиден уроспермумG,1; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): AmargallH, Barbes de vellH, Morro de porcH; English (Australia): False HawkbitI,J,K,L, False hawkbitM; French (Corse): Urosperme faux picrisN,1; French (France): Urosperme fausse PicrideO,1, Urosperme faux PicrisO,1; Hebrew (Israel): אֶזְנָב מָצוּיP,1, אזנב מצויP,1; Italian (Italy): Boccione minoreQ,1; Portuguese (Portugal): Leituga-de-burroH; Russian (Armenia): Хвостосемянник горчаковидныйF,1; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): Barbas de viejoH, CerrajónH, FárfaraH; Turkish (Turkey): AcıyemlikR
1. recommended

Description

Herb, annual, (10)-20-50 cm high, hispidulous. Flowering stems erect, sulcate, spinulose and hispid, usually branched. Cauline leaves papery. Lower cauline leaves oblong-obovate, 4.0-30.0 cm long, 1.5-8.0 cm wide, lyrate-pinnatisect, dentate, subentire or lacerate, obtuse or acute, petiole-like attenuate, hispidulous below along the nerves. Middle and upper cauline leaves auriculate with acute or rounded projecting auricles and amplexicaul. Peduncle up to 15.0 cm long. Involucre 1.5-1.8 mm long, at flowering 1.0-1.8 mm in diameter, at fruiting reflexed, hispid; involucral bracts narrowly ovate, 13.0-22.0 mm long, (3.0)-5.0-8.0 mm wide, green, often with a dark violet margin, margin white scarious. Receptacle alveolate, without scales. Corolla ligulate, yellow; tube c. 7.0 mm long, pilose towards apex; ligule 10.0-11.0 mm long, 1.5 mm wide, tinged purple towards apex. Anthertube c. 2.5 mm long; apical appendages obtuse. Style 10.0-11.0 mm long; branches c. 1.0 mm long. Achenes cylindrical in outline, slightly compressed, 5.0-6.5 mm long, scabridulous or smooth, transversely wrinkled, brown, with a filiform beak, ending in a distinct apical disk, about 0.3 mm diameter; beak c. 8.0 mm long. Pappus white, c. 10.0 mm long, plumose.

Based on: Bobrov, E. G. and Tzvelev, N. N. (ed.) 2000: Flora of the USSR XXIX, Compositae, Tribe Cichorieae. – Enfield.; Meikle, R.D. 1985: Flora auf Cyprus 2. – Kew; Sell, P. D. 1976: 157. Urospermum Scop. – Pp. 308 in: Tutin, G. & al. (ed.), Flora Europaea 4. – Cambridge.S

Distribution

Africa: Algeria (AlgerianativeT); Azores (AçôresnativeS,U,V); Canary Is. (Canary Is.nativeV); Cape Provinces (Eastern Cape ProvinceintroducedW,X, Western Cape ProvinceintroducedW,X,Y); Cape Verde (Cape VerdeintroducedZ); Egypt (EgyptnativeAA,AB,AC); KwaZulu-Natal (KwaZulu-NatalintroducedW,X); Libya (LibyanativeAD,AE,AF); Madeira (MadeiranativeV); MorocconativeAG,AH,AI,AJ; Sudan (SudannativeAK); Tunisia (TunisianativeAL) Asia-Temperate: Cyprus (CyprusnativeAM,AN,AO,AP,AQ); East Aegean Is. (East Aegean Is.nativeAR,AS,AT,AU); Gulf States (QatarintroducedAV, United Arab EmiratesnativeAW,E); Iran (IrannativeAX,AY,AZ); Iraq (IraqnativeAX,AY,BA); Lebanon-Syria (LebanonnativeAM,BB,BC, SyrianativeAM,BB,BC,BD); Oman (OmannativeAX,BE); Palestine (IsraelnativeAM,BC,BF,BG,BH,BI, JordannativeBC,BG,BI,BJ,BK); Saudi Arabia (Saudi ArabianativeAX,BL,C); Sinai (SinainativeAB,AC,BC,BM,BN); Transcaucasus (Abkhaziyanative, AdzhariyanativeBO,BP,BQ, ArmenianativeBR,BS, AzerbaijannativeAM,BP,BR,BT,BU, GeorgianativeBO); Turkey (TurkeynativeAM,AR,BV,R); Yemen (North YemennativeAX,BW, South YemennativeBW) Asia-Tropical: Pakistan (PakistannativeAY,BX) Australasia: New South Wales (New South WalesintroducedBY,J,K); Queensland (QueenslandintroducedBY); South Australia (South AustraliaintroducedBY,J,K,M); Victoria (VictoriaintroducedBY,J,K,M); Western Australia (Western AustraliaintroducedBY,BZ,I,J,K,L,M) Europe: Albania (AlbanianativeCA,CB,CC,S); Baleares (BalearesnativeCD,CE,CF,CG,CH,CI,H,S); Bulgaria (BulgarianativeCJ,G); Corse (CorsenativeCK,CL,CM,CN,CO,S); FrancenativeCE,CK,CL,CM,S; Greece (GreecenativeAM,AS,AT,CP,CQ,CR,CS,S); ItalynativeCT,CU,CV,CW,Q,S; Kriti (KritinativeAS,AT,AU,CP,CR,CX,S); Portugal (PortugalnativeCY,CZ,DA,DB,H,S,U); Sardegna (SardegnanativeCT,CU,CV,CW,Q,S); SicilynativeS (MaltanativeDC, SicilynativeCT,CU,CV,CW,Q); Spain (GibraltarnativeDD, SpainnativeCD,CE,DE,DF,DG,H,S); Turkey-in-Europe (Turkey-in-EuropenativeAR,DH,DI,S); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-HerzegovinanativeDJ, CroatianativeCR,DK,DL, Macedonianative: presence questionableCR, MontenegronativeCR,DM, SlovenianativeDN,DO) Northern America: California (CaliforniaintroducedDP) Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Argentina Distrito FederalintroducedDQ, Buenos AiresintroducedDQ); Argentina South (Santa FéintroducedDQ); Chile Central (CoquimbointroducedDQ, SantiagointroducedDQ, ValparaísointroducedDQ); Uruguay (UruguayintroducedDQ)

Habitat and ecology

The species occurs on cultivated ground, in dry grassland and waste places.

Uses

In the Iberian Penisula the green parts have been used in folk medicine in infusions like diuretics, digestives and tonics. The extracts have been applied to cure urinary tract infections, vaginitis, cervicitis and gastrointestinal disorders.

The basal leaves are used in salads; the capitula in bud are used in the same way as capers.H

Credits

Christodoulou C. S. 2009: Images (2 added)
Gemeinholzer B. 2009: Images (2 added).
Willing E. 2012: Images (1 added)

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