Urospermum picroides

Primary tabs

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Urospermum_picroides_A_01.JPG

Common names

Albanian (Albania): Rrëshiell i egërA,1; Arabic (Lebanon): سَليسB,1, مُذَنَّبَة مُرَّيْرِيَّةB,1; Arabic (Saudi Arabia): UdhaidhC; Arabic (Syria): سَليسD,1, مُذَنَّبَة مُرَّيْرِيَّةD,1; Arabic (United Arab Emirates): 'adheedE, khioachE, salisE, uddaidhaE; Armenian (Armenia): Պոչասերմիկ դառնիճանմանF,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Пикровиден уроспермумG,1; English (Australia): False HawkbitH,I,J,K, False hawkbitL; French (Corse): Urosperme faux picrisM,1; French (France): Urosperme fausse PicrideN,1, Urosperme faux PicrisN,1; Hebrew (Israel): אֶזְנָב מָצוּיO,1, אזנב מצויO,1; Italian (Italy): Boccione minoreP,1; Russian (Armenia): Хвостосемянник горчаковидныйF,1; Turkish (Turkey): AcıyemlikQ
1. recommended

Description

Herb, annual, (10)-20-50 cm high, hispidulous. Flowering stems erect, sulcate, spinulose and hispid, usually branched. Cauline leaves papery. Lower cauline leaves oblong-obovate, 4.0-30.0 cm long, 1.5-8.0 cm wide, lyrate-pinnatisect, dentate, subentire or lacerate, obtuse or acute, petiole-like attenuate, hispidulous below along the nerves. Middle and upper cauline leaves auriculate with acute or rounded projecting auricles and amplexicaul. Peduncle up to 15.0 cm long. Involucre 1.5-1.8 mm long, at flowering 1.0-1.8 mm in diameter, at fruiting reflexed, hispid; involucral bracts narrowly ovate, 13.0-22.0 mm long, (3.0)-5.0-8.0 mm wide, green, often with a dark violet margin, margin white scarious. Receptacle alveolate, without scales. Corolla ligulate, yellow; tube c. 7.0 mm long, pilose towards apex; ligule 10.0-11.0 mm long, 1.5 mm wide, tinged purple towards apex. Anthertube c. 2.5 mm long; apical appendages obtuse. Style 10.0-11.0 mm long; branches c. 1.0 mm long. Achenes cylindrical in outline, slightly compressed, 5.0-6.5 mm long, scabridulous or smooth, transversely wrinkled, brown, with a filiform beak, ending in a distinct apical disk, about 0.3 mm diameter; beak c. 8.0 mm long. Pappus white, c. 10.0 mm long, plumose.

Based on: Bobrov, E. G. and Tzvelev, N. N. (ed.) 2000: Flora of the USSR XXIX, Compositae, Tribe Cichorieae. – Enfield.; Meikle, R.D. 1985: Flora auf Cyprus 2. – Kew; Sell, P. D. 1976: 157. Urospermum Scop. – Pp. 308 in: Tutin, G. & al. (ed.), Flora Europaea 4. – Cambridge.R

Distribution

Africa: Algeria (AlgerianativeS); Azores (AçôresnativeR,T,U); Canary Is. (Canary Is.nativeU); Cape Provinces (Eastern Cape ProvinceintroducedV,W, Western Cape ProvinceintroducedV,W,X); Cape Verde (Cape VerdeintroducedY); Egypt (EgyptnativeAA,AB,Z); KwaZulu-Natal (KwaZulu-NatalintroducedV,W); Libya (LibyanativeAC,AD,AE); Madeira (MadeiranativeU); MorocconativeAF,AG,AH,AI; Sudan (SudannativeAJ); Tunisia (TunisianativeAK) Asia-Temperate: Cyprus (CyprusnativeAL,AM,AN,AO,AP); East Aegean Is. (East Aegean Is.nativeAQ,AR,AS,AT); Gulf States (QatarintroducedAU, United Arab EmiratesnativeAV,E); Iran (IrannativeAW,AX,AY); Iraq (IraqnativeAW,AX,AZ); Lebanon-Syria (LebanonnativeAL,BA,BB, SyrianativeAL,BA,BB,BC); Oman (OmannativeAW,BD); Palestine (IsraelnativeAL,BB,BE,BF,BG,BH, JordannativeBB,BF,BH,BI,BJ); Saudi Arabia (Saudi ArabianativeAW,BK,C); Sinai (SinainativeAA,AB,BB,BL,BM); Transcaucasus (Abkhaziyanative, AdzhariyanativeBN,BO,BP, ArmenianativeBQ,BR, AzerbaijannativeAL,BO,BQ,BS,BT, GeorgianativeBN); Turkey (TurkeynativeAL,AQ,BU,Q); Yemen (North YemennativeAW,BV, South YemennativeBV) Asia-Tropical: Pakistan (PakistannativeAX,BW) Australasia: New South Wales (New South WalesintroducedBX,I,J); Queensland (QueenslandintroducedBX); South Australia (South AustraliaintroducedBX,I,J,L); Victoria (VictoriaintroducedBX,I,J,L); Western Australia (Western AustraliaintroducedBX,BY,H,I,J,K,L) Europe: Albania (AlbanianativeBZ,CA,CB,R); Baleares (BalearesnativeCC,CD,CE,CF,CG,CH,R); Bulgaria (BulgarianativeCI,G); Corse (CorsenativeCJ,CK,CL,CM,CN,R); FrancenativeCD,CJ,CK,CL,R; Greece (GreecenativeAL,AR,AS,CO,CP,CQ,CR,R); ItalynativeCS,CT,CU,CV,P,R; Kriti (KritinativeAR,AS,AT,CO,CQ,CW,R); Portugal (PortugalnativeCX,CY,CZ,DA,R,T); Sardegna (SardegnanativeCS,CT,CU,CV,P,R); SicilynativeR (MaltanativeDB, SicilynativeCS,CT,CU,CV,P); SpainnativeR (GibraltarnativeDC, SpainnativeCC,CD,DD,DE,DF); Turkey-in-Europe (Turkey-in-EuropenativeAQ,DG,DH,R); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-HerzegovinanativeDI, CroatianativeCQ,DJ,DK, Macedonianative: presence questionableCQ, MontenegronativeCQ,DL, SlovenianativeDM,DN) Northern America: California (CaliforniaintroducedDO) Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Argentina Distrito FederalintroducedDP, Buenos AiresintroducedDP); Argentina South (Santa FéintroducedDP); Chile Central (CoquimbointroducedDP, SantiagointroducedDP, ValparaísointroducedDP); Uruguay (UruguayintroducedDP)

Habitat and ecology

The species occurs on cultivated ground, in dry grassland and waste places.

Credits

Christodoulou C. S. 2009: Images (2 added)
Gemeinholzer B. 2009: Images (2 added).
Willing E. 2012: Images (1 added)

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