Chondrillinae

Primary tabs

Chondrillinae

Systematics

The molecular analyses based on ITS by Kilian & al. (2009), Tremetsberger & al. (2012) and Wang & al. (2020) revealed a well-supported clade comprising the genera Chondrilla, Phitosia and Willemetia. This clade has been recognised as a separate subtribe Chondrillinae by Kilian & al. (2009). Hitherto, the three genera included have been treated usually as members of subtribe Crepidinae (Bremer 1994; Lack 2006).

In the ITS phylogeny by Kilian & al. (2009), the Chondrillinae and Crepidinae clades together formed a monophyletic group with full bootstrap and posterior probability support, but Tremetsberger & al. (2012) found a different relationship, although without statistical support. Currently, the relationships between the subtribes of the large Chondrillinae-Crepidinae-Hyoseridinae-Hypochaeridinae-Lactucinae clade (Kilian & al. 2009, Tremetsberger & al. 2013), have to be regarded as largely unclear.A,B,C,D,E

Distribution

Africa: Algeria native; Libya native; Morocco native; Tunisia native Asia-Temperate: Afghanistan nativenative; Altay native; Cyprus native; East Aegean Is. native; Iran native; Iraq native; Kazakhstan nativenative; Kirgizistan nativenative; Lebanon-Syria (Lebanon native, Syria native); Mongolia native; North Caucasus native (Dagestan native, Krasnodar native, Stavropol native); Palestine (Israel native, Jordan native); Saudi Arabia native; Tadzhikistan nativenative; Tibet native; Transcaucasus (Abkhaziya native, Adzhariya native, Armenia native, Azerbaijan native, Georgia native, Nakhichevan native); Turkey native; Turkmenistan native; Uzbekistan nativenative; West Siberia native; Xinjiang nativenative Asia-Tropical: Pakistan nativenative; West Himalaya (Jammu-Kashmir native) Australasia: New South Wales (Australian Capital Territory introduced, New South Wales introduced); New Zealand North introduced; Northern Territory introduced; Queensland (Queensland introduced); South Australia introduced; Tasmania introduced; Victoria introduced; Western Australia (Western Australia introduced) Europe: Albania native; Austria native (Austria native, Liechtenstein native); Baleares native; Baltic States (Kaliningrad native, Latvia introduced, Lithuania introduced: adventitious (casual)); Belarus native; Belgium (Belgium native, Luxembourg native); Bulgaria native; Central European Russia native; Corse native; Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic native, Slovakia native); East European Russia native; France native; Germany native; Greece native; Hungary native; Italy native; Kriti native; Krym native; Netherlands native: formerly native; Poland native; Portugal native; Romania native; Sardegna native; Sicily native (Sicily native); South European Russia native; Spain native (Andorra native, Gibraltar native, Spain native); Switzerland native; Turkey-in-Europe native; Ukraine (Moldova native, Ukraine native); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovina native, Croatia native, Macedonia native, Montenegro native, Serbia native, Slovenia native) Northern America: British Columbia introduced; California introduced; Delaware introduced; District of Columbia introduced; Georgia, U.S.A. introduced; Idaho introduced; Illinois introduced; Maryland introduced; Michigan introduced; Montana introduced; New Jersey introduced; Ontario introduced; Oregon introduced; Pennsylvania introduced; Virginia introduced; Washington introduced; West Virginia introduced Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Buenos Aires introduced)

Bibliography

A. Bremer K., Asteraceae. Cladistics and classification. 1994
B. Kilian N., Gemeinholzer B. & Lack H. W. - Tribe Cichorieae in Funk V. A., Susanna A., Stuessy T. & al., Systematics, evolution and biogeography of Compositae. 2009
C. Lack H. W. - Cichorieae in Kadereit J. W. & Jeffrey C., The families and genera of vascular plants 8. 2006
D. Tremetsberger K., Gemeinholzer B., Zetzsche H. & al., Divergence time estimation in Cichorieae (Asteraceae) using a fossil-calibrated relaxed molecular clock in Organisms Diversity Evol. 13: 1-13. 2012
E. Wang Z. H., Kilian N., Chen Y.-P. & al., Sinoseris (Crepidinae, Cichorieae, Asteraceae), a new genus of three species endemic to China, one of them new to science in Willdenowia 50: 91–110. 2020