Chondrillinae

Primary tabs

Chondrillinae

Systematics

The molecular analyses based on ITS by Kilian & al. (2009), Tremetsberger & al. (2012) and Wang & al. (2020) revealed a well-supported clade comprising the genera Chondrilla, Phitosia and Willemetia. This clade has been recognised as a separate subtribe Chondrillinae by Kilian & al. (2009). Hitherto, the three genera included have been treated usually as members of subtribe Crepidinae (Bremer 1994; Lack 2006).

In the ITS phylogeny by Kilian & al. (2009), the Chondrillinae and Crepidinae clades together formed a monophyletic group with full bootstrap and posterior probability support, but Tremetsberger & al. (2012) found a different relationship, although without statistical support. Currently, the relationships between the subtribes of the large Chondrillinae-Crepidinae-Hyoseridinae-Hypochaeridinae-Lactucinae clade (Kilian & al. 2009, Tremetsberger & al. 2013), have to be regarded as largely unclear.A,B,C,D,E

Distribution

Africa: Algerianative; Libyanative; Morocconative; Tunisianative Asia-Temperate: Afghanistannative; Altaynative; Cyprusnative; East Aegean Is.native; Irannative; Iraqnative; Kazakhstannative; Kirgizistannative; Lebanon-Syria (Lebanonnative, Syrianative); Mongolianative; North Caucasusnative (Dagestannative, Krasnodarnative, Stavropolnative); Palestine (Israelnative, Jordannative); Saudi Arabianative; Tadzhikistannative; Tibetnative; Transcaucasus (Abkhaziyanative, Adzhariyanative, Armenianative, Azerbaijannative, Georgianative, Nakhichevannative); Turkeynative; Turkmenistannative; Uzbekistannative; West Siberianative; Xinjiangnative Asia-Tropical: Pakistannative; West Himalaya (Jammu-Kashmirnative) Australasia: New South Wales (Australian Capital Territoryintroduced, New South Walesintroduced); New Zealand Northintroduced; Northern Territoryintroduced; Queensland (Queenslandintroduced); South Australiaintroduced; Tasmaniaintroduced; Victoriaintroduced; Western Australia (Western Australiaintroduced) Europe: Albanianative; Austrianative (Austrianative, Liechtensteinnative); Balearesnative; Baltic States (Kaliningradnative, Latviaintroduced, Lithuaniaintroduced: adventitious (casual)); Belarusnative; Belgium (Belgiumnative, Luxembourgnative); Bulgarianative; Central European Russianative; Corsenative; Czechoslovakia (Czech Republicnative, Slovakianative); East European Russianative; Francenative; Germanynative; Greecenative; Hungarynative; Italynative; Kritinative; Krymnative; Netherlandsnative: formerly native; Polandnative; Portugalnative; Romanianative; Sardegnanative; Sicilynative (Sicilynative); South European Russianative; Spainnative (Andorranative, Gibraltarnative, Spainnative); Switzerlandnative; Turkey-in-Europenative; Ukraine (Moldovanative, Ukrainenative); Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovinanative, Croatianative, Macedonianative, Montenegronative, Serbianative, Slovenianative) Northern America: British Columbiaintroduced; Californiaintroduced; Delawareintroduced; District of Columbiaintroduced; Georgia, U.S.A.introduced; Idahointroduced; Illinoisintroduced; Marylandintroduced; Michiganintroduced; Montanaintroduced; New Jerseyintroduced; Ontariointroduced; Oregonintroduced; Pennsylvaniaintroduced; Virginiaintroduced; Washingtonintroduced; West Virginiaintroduced Southern America: Argentina Northeast (Buenos Airesintroduced)

Bibliography

A. Bremer K., Asteraceae. Cladistics and classification. 1994
B. Kilian N., Gemeinholzer B. & Lack H. W. - Tribe Cichorieae in Funk V. A., Susanna A., Stuessy T. & al., Systematics, evolution and biogeography of Compositae. 2009
C. Lack H. W. - Cichorieae in Kadereit J. W. & Jeffrey C., The families and genera of vascular plants 8. 2006
D. Tremetsberger K., Gemeinholzer B., Zetzsche H. & al., Divergence time estimation in Cichorieae (Asteraceae) using a fossil-calibrated relaxed molecular clock in Organisms Diversity Evol. 13: 1-13. 2012
E. Wang Z. H., Kilian N., Chen Y.-P. & al., Sinoseris (Crepidinae, Cichorieae, Asteraceae), a new genus of three species endemic to China, one of them new to science in Willdenowia 50: 91–110. 2020