Taraxacum multiscaposum

Primary tabs

Taraxacum multiscaposum

no image available

Common names

Chinese (China): 多莛蒲公英 duo ting pu gong yingA

Description

Herbs 12–25 cm tall. Petiole purple, unwinged; leaf blade mid-green with a pinkish midvein, narrowly oblanceolate, 4–17 × 1.5–3 cm, subglabrous to glabrous, shallowly pinnatilobed to pinnatisect but sometimes undivided and margin dentate; lateral lobes usually 2–4 pairs, deltoid to narrowly triangular, usually patent, proximal margin ± entire, distal margin ± entire or rarely remotely denticulate, apex subacute; interlobes broad, margin subentire; terminal lobe ± triangular, margin ± entire, apex subacute. Scapes purple, overtopping leaves, glabrescent. Capitulum 2.5–3.5 cm wide. Involucre ca. 1 cm wide, base rounded. Outer phyllaries 8–12, light green, slightly pruinose, and later suffused brownish pink, not imbricate, ovate to broadly lanceolate, outermost ones 4–7 × 2.5–4 mm and 1/3–1/2 as long as inner ones, reflexed with tips pointing toward scape, border indistinct, membranous, or pinkish and ca. 0.1 mm wide, margin ± glabrous, apex flat to corniculate; inner phyllaries 1.2–1.4 cm, apex dark corniculate. Ligules light yellow; outer ligules flat, outside striped faintly light grayish green; inner ligules with yellow or light grayish teeth at apex; ligule tube pubescent. Stigmas light grayish green. Anthers polliniferous; pollen grains regular in size. Achene light grayish straw-colored brown, 3.7– 4.2 × 0.7–0.9 mm; body ± densely spinulose above or often almost throughout, ± gradually narrowing into a subcylindric 1–1.5mm cone, spinules thin and usually suberect; beak 6–8 mm. Pappus bright white, 5–6 mm. Fl. spring and early summer. Sexual. 2n = 16.

from: Ge X., Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 313–314. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Afghanistan reported in errorB,C; Kazakhstan nativeA,D; Kirgizistan nativeE; Xinjiang nativeA

Bibliography

A. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
B. Breckle S.-W. & al., Vascular plants of Afghanistan, an augmented checklist. 2013 (as Taraxacum multiscaposum)
C. J. L. van Soest - 30. Taraxacum in Rechinger K. H., Flora Iranica 122. 1977 (as Taraxacum multiscaposum)
D. Schischkin - in Bobrov & Tzvelev, Fl. URSS 29. 1964
E. Lazkov G. A. & Sultanova B. A., Kadastr flory Kyrgyzstana: sosudistye rasteniya / Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan. – Norrlinia 24. 2011