Hieracium umbellatum

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Hieracium umbellatum

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Hieracium_umbellatum_A_01.jpg

Common names

Armenian (Armenia): Ճուռակախոտ հովանոցավորA,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Сенниковидна румянкаB,1; Chinese (China): 山柳菊 shan liu juC; Croatian (Croatia): Štitasta runjikaD,1; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): SchermhavikskruidE,1; English (Northern America): Umbellate hawkweedF; Estonian (Estonia): Sarik-hunditubakasG,1; French (Belgium): Épervière en ombelleH,1; French (France): Épervière en ombelleI,1; French (Northern America): Épervière en ombelleF; French (Switzerland): Epervière en ombelleJ,1; German (Germany): Dolden-HabichtskrautK,1; German (Switzerland): Doldiges HabichtskrautJ,1; Italian (Italy): Sparviere ad ombrellaL,1; Italian (Switzerland): Sparviere ad ombrellaJ,1; Latvian (Latvia): Čemuru mauragaG,1; Lithuanian (Lithuania): Skėtinė vanagėG,1; Polish (Poland): Jastrzębiec baldaszkowatyM,1; Romanian (Moldova): Ярба вултуруйN,1; Russian (Armenia): Ястребинка зонтичнаяA,1; Russian (The Russian Federation): Ястребинка зонтичнаяO,1, Ястребинка неопределеннейшаяP,1; Slovenian (Slovenia): Kobulasta škržolicaQ,1; Turkish (Turkey): Herdem şahinotuR; Ukrainian (Ukraine & Crimea): Нечуйвiтер зонтичнийS,1
1. recommended

Description

Herbs, perennial, 30–100 cm tall. Stem solitary to few fascicled, basally pale purple, branched apically, glabrous, scabrid, or very sparsely and minutely echinulate and with white minutely stellate hairs, rarely with long simple hairs, under capitula with minute stellate and somewhat rigid short simple hairs. Basal and lower stem leaves absent at anthesis. Middle and upper stem leaves sessile, lanceolate, 3–10 × 0.4–2 cm, glabrous or abaxially hispidulous on veins and adaxially with sparse arachnoid hairs, base narrowly cuneate, margin entire, subentire, or with sparse and sharp teeth, apex acute to shortly acuminate. Upper stem leaves similar to middle stem leaves but gradually smaller. Synflorescence corymbiform to corymbosely paniculiform, with few to numerous capitula or rarely with solitary capitulum. Involucre dark green, campanulate, ca. 1.5 cm in diam. Phyllaries in several [to many] rows, abaxially rarely with capitate stipitate glandular hairs on midvein, abaxially glabrous, base sometimes with minute stellate hairs, apex acute; outermost and outer phyllaries lanceolate, 3.5–4.5 × 0.8–1.2 mm; innermost phyllaries ± linear-lanceolate, 8–10 × ca. 1 mm. Florets yellow. Achene dark purple, cylindric, ca. 3 mm, with 10 ribs. Pappus pale yellow, ca. 6 mm. Fl. and fr. Jul–Sep. 2n = 18, 27.

from: Shih C. & Gottschlich G. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 351. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Afghanistannative (AfghanistannativeT,U); Altaynative (AltaynativeV,W); Buryatiyanative (BuryatiyanativeW); China North-Centralnative (HebeinativeC, ShaanxinativeC, ShandongnativeC, ShanxinativeC); China South-Centralnative (GuizhounativeC, HubeinativeC, SichuannativeC, YunnannativeC); China Southeastnative (GuangxinativeC, HenannativeC, HunannativeC, JiangxinativeC); Chitanative (ChitanativeW); Inner Mongolianative (Nei MongolnativeC); Irannative (IrannativeU,X,Y); Irkutsknative (IrkutsknativeW); Kazakhstannative (KazakhstannativeC); Kirgizistannative (KirgizistannativeZ); Koreanative; Krasnoyarsknative (KrasnoyarsknativeW); Manchurianative (HeilongjiangnativeC, LiaoningnativeC); MongolianativeAA,C; North CaucasusnativeAB,AC; Tibetnative (TibetnativeC); Transcaucasusnative (AbkhaziyanativeAC,AD, Adzhariyanative, ArmenianativeAC,AE, AzerbaijannativeAC,AF, GeorgianativeAG); Turkeynative (TurkeynativeAH,R); Tuvanative (TuvanativeW); Uzbekistannative (UzbekistannativeAI,C); West Siberianative (West SiberianativeW); Xinjiangnative (XinjiangnativeC); Yakutskiyanative (YakutskiyanativeW) Asia-Tropical: East Himalayanative (BhutannativeAJ); Indianative (Uttar PradeshnativeAK); Nepalnative (NepalnativeAL); PakistannativeC,U; West Himalayanative (Himachal PradeshnativeAK, Jammu-KashmirnativeAK,AM,AN,AO) Europe: Austrianative (AustrianativeAP,AQ); Baltic Statesnative (EstonianativeAR, KaliningradnativeAS,AT, LatvianativeAR, LithuanianativeAR); Belarusnative (BelarusnativeAU); Belgiumnative; Bulgarianative (BulgarianativeAQ,B); Central European Russianative (Central European RussianativeAU,AV); Corse (Corsenative: reported in errorAW,AX); Czechoslovakianative (Czech RepublicnativeAY,AZ,BA, SlovakianativeAY,AZ,BB); Denmarknative (DenmarknativeAQ,BC,BD); East European Russianative (East European RussianativeAU); Finlandnative (FinlandnativeAQ,BE); Francenative (FrancenativeAQ,BF,BG,BH,BI); Germanynative (GermanynativeAQ,BI,BJ,BK,BL); Great Britainnative (Great BritainnativeAQ,BM); Greecenative; Hungarynative (HungarynativeAQ,BN); Icelandnative; Irelandnative (IrelandnativeBM,BO, Northern IrelandnativeBM); ItalynativeAQ,BP,BQ,BR,BS,L; Krymnative (KrymnativeAQ,AU,BT,BU); Netherlandsnative (NetherlandsnativeAQ,E); North European Russianative (North European RussiaintroducedAU,BV,BW); Northwest European Russianative (Northwest European RussianativeAU,BV,BX,BY); Norwaynative (NorwaynativeAQ,BZ); Polandnative (PolandnativeAQ,CA); Portugalnative (PortugalnativeAQ,CB,CC,CD); Romanianative (RomanianativeAQ,CE); South European Russianative (South European RussianativeAU); Spainnative (AndorranativeCF, SpainnativeAQ,CD,CG,CH,CI,CJ); Swedennative (SwedennativeAQ,CK); Switzerlandnative (SwitzerlandnativeAQ,BQ,CL,CM,CN); Turkey-in-Europenative (Turkey-in-EuropenativeAH,AQ,CO); Ukrainenative (MoldovanativeAU,N, UkrainenativeAU,BT); Yugoslavianative (CroatianativeCP,CQ, SerbianativeCR, SlovenianativeBQ,CS,CT) Northern America: Alaskanative (AlaskanativeCU); Albertanative (AlbertanativeCU,F); British Columbianative (British ColumbianativeCU,F); Coloradonative (ColoradonativeCU); Connecticutnative (ConnecticutnativeCU); Greenlandnative (GreenlandnativeCU,F); Idahonative (IdahonativeCU); Illinoisnative (IllinoisnativeCU); Indiananative (IndiananativeCU); Iowanative (IowanativeCU); Labradornative (LabradornativeCU,F); Mainenative (MainenativeCU); Manitobanative (ManitobanativeCU,F); Massachusettsnative (MassachusettsnativeCU); Michigannative (MichigannativeCU); Minnesotanative (MinnesotanativeCU); Missourinative (MissourinativeCU); Montananative (MontananativeCU); Nebraskanative (NebraskanativeCU); New Brunswicknative (New BrunswicknativeCU,F); New Hampshirenative (New HampshirenativeCU); New Jerseynative (New JerseynativeCU); New Yorknative (New YorknativeCU); Newfoundlandnative (NewfoundlandnativeCU,F, St.Pierre-Miquelondoubtfully presentCU,F); North Dakotanative (North DakotanativeCU); Northwest Territoriesnative (Northwest TerritoriesnativeCU,F); Nova Scotianative (Nova ScotianativeCU,F); Ohionative (OhionativeCU); Ontarionative (OntarionativeCU,F); Oregonnative (OregonnativeCU); Pennsylvanianative (PennsylvanianativeCU); Prince Edward I.native (Prince Edward I.nativeCU,F); Québecnative (QuébecnativeCU,F); Rhode I.native (Rhode I.nativeCU); Saskatchewannative (SaskatchewannativeCU,F); South Dakotanative (South DakotanativeCU); Vermontnative (VermontnativeCU); Washingtonnative (WashingtonnativeCU); West Virginianative (West VirginianativeCU); Wisconsinnative (WisconsinnativeCU); Wyomingnative (WyomingnativeCU); Yukonnative (YukonnativeCU,F)

Credits

Thomas Dürbye 2009: Images (1 added).

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