Leontodon hispidus

Primary tabs

Leontodon hispidus

http://media.bgbm.org/erez/erez?src=EditWP6/photos/Leontodon_hispidus_A_01.jpg

Description

Perennial with vertical or oblique, usually branched, truncate stock. Stems 1-numerous, 5-70 cm, usually simple, glabrous or with simple eglandular or long-stalked 2- to 3-fid hairs. Leaves 30-350 x 3-40 mm, oblanceolate, obtuse to acute, sinuate-dentate to deeply pinnatifid with the terminal lobe usually large, attenuate into the winged petiole, glabrous or with simple eglandular or long-stalked 2- to 3-fid hairs. Capitula 1(-2). Involucre (9-)10-15 x 6-12(-15) mm; bracts linear-lanceolate, obtuse to acute, the outermost lax, glabrous, or with simple eglandular and long-stalked 2- to 3-fid hairs mainly in a median line. Ligules bright yellow, the outermost orange or reddish (rarely greyish-violet) on outer face. Stigmas yellow. Achenes 5-8 mm, brown, narrowed above or beaked, the inner with a beak t as long as the remainder of the achene, transversely muricate; pappus very pale brown, of 2 rows of hairs, the inner plumose, the outer denticulate. 2n= 14.

from: Finch, R. A. & Sell, P. D. 1976: 159. Leontodon L. – Pp. 310-315 in: Tutin, G. & al. (ed.), Flora Europaea 4. – Cambridge.

Distribution

Asia-Temperate: Irannative (IrannativeA,B,C,D); Iraqnative (IraqnativeA,B); North Caucasusnative (ChechnyanativeE, DagestannativeE, Kabardino-BalkariyanativeE, Karacheyevo-CherkessiyanativeE, KrasnodarnativeE, StavropolnativeE); Transcaucasusnative (AbkhaziyanativeE, AdzhariyanativeE,F,G,H,I,J, ArmenianativeE,H,K, AzerbaijannativeE,F,H,J,L, GeorgianativeE,G, NakhichevannativeH,L); Turkeynative (TurkeynativeF,H,M,N) Europe: Albanianative (AlbanianativeO,P,Q,R,S); Austrianative (AustrianativeT, LiechtensteinnativeU); Baleares (BalearesV,W); Baltic Statesnative (EstonianativeX, KaliningradnativeY, LatvianativeX, LithuanianativeX); Belarusnative (Belarus); Belgiumnative (BelgiumnativeZ, LuxembourgnativeAA); Bulgarianative (BulgariaAB,AC,AD,P,Q); Central European Russianative (Central European RussianativeAE); Corseintroduced (CorseintroducedAF); Czechoslovakianative (Czech RepublicnativeAE,AG,AH,AI,AJ, SlovakianativeAG,AH,AK); Denmarknative (DenmarknativeAL,Q); East European Russianative (East European RussianativeAE); Finlandnative (FinlandnativeAM,Q); FrancenativeAN,AO,AP,AQ,Q; Germanynative (GermanynativeAR,AS,AT,Q); Great Britain (Great Britainnative: reported in errorQ); Greecenative (GreecenativeAU,AV,F,P,Q); Hungarynative (HungarynativeAW,AX,Q); Irelandnative (IrelandnativeAY,AZ); ItalynativeBA,BB,BC,BD,Q; Krymnative (KrymnativeAE,BE,BF,F,J,Q); Netherlandsnative (NetherlandsnativeBG,Q); North European Russianative (North European RussianativeAE,BH); Northwest European Russianative (Northwest European RussianativeAE); Norwaynative (NorwaynativeBI,Q); Polandnative (PolandnativeBJ,BK,Q); Portugalnative (PortugalnativeBL,BM,BN,BO,Q); Romanianative (RomanianativeBP,BQ,Q); Sicilynative (SicilynativeBA,BC,BD); South European Russianative (South European RussianativeAE); Spainnative (AndorranativeBO,BR, SpainnativeAN,BO,BS,BT,BU,BV,BW,BX,Q); Swedennative (SwedennativeBY,BZ,Q); Switzerlandnative (SwitzerlandnativeCA,CB,Q); Ukrainenative (MoldovanativeAE,CC, UkrainenativeAE,BE,CD); Yugoslavianative (Bosnia-HerzegovinanativeCE,P, CroatianativeCF,P, MacedonianativeF,P, MontenegronativeCG,P, SerbianativeCH,P, SlovenianativeCI,CJ) Northern America: Connecticutintroduced (ConnecticutintroducedCK); Georgia, U.S.A.introduced (Georgia, U.S.A.introducedCK); Kansasintroduced (KansasintroducedCK); New Yorkintroduced (New YorkintroducedCK); Ohiointroduced (OhiointroducedCK); Ontariointroduced (OntariointroducedCK,CL); Pennsylvaniaintroduced (PennsylvaniaintroducedCK)

Common names

Albanian (Albania): Dhëmbëluan i grathëtCM,1; Armenian (Armenia): Արյուծատամ խոզանավորCN,1; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Еднокошничкова жълтицаCO,1; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): QueixaletsBO; Czech (Czech Republic): Máchelka srstnatáCP,1; Danish (Denmark): Stivhåret BorstCQ,1; English (Great Britain): Rough HawkbitCR,1; English (Northern America): Bristly hawkbitCL; Estonian (Estonia): Kare seanuppCS,1; Finnish (Finland): KesämaitiainenCQ,1; French (Belgium): Léontodon hispideCT,1; French (France): Liondent hispideCU,1, Léontodon hispideCU,2; French (Northern America): Liondent hispideCL; French (Switzerland): Liondent hispideCV,1; German (Germany): Steifhaariger LöwenzahnCW,1; German (Switzerland): Gemeiner LöwenzahnCV,1; Italian (Italy): Dente di leone comuneBC,1; Italian (Switzerland): Dente di leone comuneCV,1; Latvian (Latvia): Matainā vēlpieneCS,1; Lithuanian (Lithuania): Vienagraižė snaudalėCS,1; Norwegian (Norway): LodnefølblomCQ,1; Polish (Poland): Brodawnik zwyczajnyCX,1; Romanian (Moldova): Капул кэругэрулуй хиспидCC,1; Russian (Armenia): Кульбаба щетинистаяCN,1; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): Achicoria de peloBO; Swedish (Sweden): SommarfibblaCY,1; Turkish (Turkey): GulikazerN
1. recommended, 2. synonym

Credits

Lauterbach D. 2009: Images (1 added).

Bibliography

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CS. Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Jankjavičene, R., Flora baltijskih republik. Svodka sosudistyh rastenij 3. 2003
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