Melanoseris macrorhiza

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Melanoseris macrorhiza!Melanoseris_macrorhiza_A_01.jpg/full/full/0/default.jpg

Common names

Chinese (China): 头嘴菊 tou zui juA


Herbs 20–50 cm tall, perennial. Taproot slenderly turniplike. Stems solitary or few, slender, ascending-erect to erect, branched from base or higher up, glabrous [or purplish brown pilose], leafy. Lower and middle stem leaves with petiole of lower ones not basally expanded and middle ones expanded and auriculate; leaf blade elliptic to spatulate, 6–14.5[–20] × 1–4.5 cm, lyrately pinnatifid to lyrately pinnatisect, rachis glabrous [or ± hispid with purplish brown hairs], margin entire; lateral lobes 2–4(–6) pairs, orbicular to elliptic, apex obtuse to rounded; terminal lobe largest, ovate-cordate, reniform, or elliptic, apex rounded to acute. Upper stem leaves similar to middle stem leaves but smaller; uppermost leaves lanceolate to broadly linear, undivided. Synflorescence loosely to paniculately corymbiform, with usually to 8–10 capitula and slender branches. Capitula with usually 10–15 florets; peduncle capillaceous. Involucre cylindric to narrowly campanulate, (1–)1.2–1.5 × 0.4–0.5 cm. Phyllaries dark purplish green, glabrous; outer phyllaries triangular-ovate to lanceolate, longest ca. 1/2 as long as inner ones; inner phyllaries 8. Florets purple, bluish purple, or rarely white. Achene 4–5 mm; body dark brown, narrowly ellipsoid, subcompressed, lateral ribs weakly broadened, apex attenuate into pale 1–3 mm stout beak. Pappus double, outer row of hairs 0.1–0.2 mm, bristles 6–7 mm. Fl. and fr. Jul–Oct. 2n = 16.

from: Shih C. & Kilian N. in Wu Z. Y. & al. (ed.), Flora of China 20–21: 224–225. 2011, Beijing & St Louis.

Perennial herbs, with tuberous roots. Stems slender, ascending or scrambling, 15-40 cm, glabrous or sparsely hispid. Leaves petiolate, oblong to oblanceolate, lyrate or pinnatisect, 5-20 X 0.5-2 cm, glabrous or sparsely hispid on petioles. Flowers July to September. Capitula several, in loose cyme; involucres narrowly campanulate, 4-8 mm wide; phyllaries 3- or 4-seriate; outer ones ovate to narrowly ovate, 3-6 X 1.5-2 mm, apex acute or obtuse, margins entire, glabrous on both surfaces or sparsely hispid outside; inner ones oblong-Ianceolate, 11-14 X 1.5-2 mm, apex obtuse, glabrous on both surfaces or sparsely hispid outside. Florets 10-15; corolla ligulate, mauve to purple, 17-20 X 2-2.5 mm, apex shallowly 5-incised; tubes 5-6 mm; ligule 12-14 mm, glabrous except hairy on upper portion of tubes. Ovaries ellipsoid, compressed, 2-2.5 mm, glabrous; pappus double, white; outer ones short, 0.1-0.2 mm; inner ones long, 5-7 mm.

from: Ikeda, H. 2008: Compositae. – Pp. 332-379 in: Ohba, H., Iokawa, Y. & Sharma, L. R. 2008 (Ed.): Flora of Mustang, Nepal. – Tokyo. (as Cicerbita macrorrhiza)


Asia-Temperate: AfghanistannativeA,B,C; China South-Central (YunnannativeA,D,E); IrannativeC; TibetnativeA,D,E,F,G,H,I Asia-Tropical: Assam (AssamnativeE, ManipurnativeC, MeghalayanativeE, MizoramnativeJ); East Himalaya (BhutannativeA,C,H,I,K, SikkimnativeE,H,L); India (PunjabnativeC, Uttar PradeshnativeC, West BengalnativeC); MyanmarnativeA,I; NepalnativeA,C,I,K,M; PakistannativeC,N,O; West Himalaya (Himachal PradeshnativeC,P, Jammu-KashmirnativeA,C,E,I,L)


Sukhorukov A. 2011: Images (1 added)
Hu Guo-Xiong 2017: Images (9 added)
Byers E. 2017: Images (8 added)


A. Wu & al., Flora of China 20-21. 2011
B. Breckle S.-W. & al., Vascular plants of Afghanistan, an augmented checklist. 2013 (as Cephalorrhynchus macrorhizus)
C. Hajra P. K., Rao R. R., Singh D. K. and Uniyal B. P., Flora of India 12. 1995 (as Cicerbita macrorhiza (Royle) Beauverd)
D. C. Shih, Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae 80(1). 1997 (as Cephalorrhynchus macrorhizus (Royle) Tuisl)
E. Kitamura S. - Flowering Plants and Ferns in Kihara H., Fauna and Flora of Nepal Himalaya. 1955 (as Cicerbita macrorhiza var. saxatilis (Edgew.) Beauverd)
F. C. Shih, Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae 80(1). 1997 (as Cephalorrhynchus albiflorus C. Shih)
G. C. Shih, Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae 80(1). 1997 (as Cephalorrhynchus saxatilis (Edgew.) C. Shih)
H. Grierson A. J. C. & Long D. G., Flora of Bhutan 2(3). 2001 (as Cephalorrhynchus macrorhizus (Royle) Tuisl)
I. Ikeda H. - Compositae in Ohba H., Iokawa Y. & Sharma L. R., Flora of Mustang, Nepal. 2008 (as Cicerbita macrorhiza (Royle) Beauverd)
J. Singh D. K. - Asteraceae in Singh N. P., Singh K. P. & Singh D. K., Flora of Mizoram 1. 2002 (as Cicerbita macrorhiza (Royle) Beauverd)
K. Hara H., Chater A. O. & Williams L. H. J., An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal 3. 1982 (as Cicerbita macrorhiza var. saxatilis (Edgew.) Beauverd)
L. Kitamura S. - Compositae in Hara H. (ed.), The Flora of eastern Himalaya. 1966 (as Cicerbita macrorhiza var. saxatilis (Edgew.) Beauverd)
M. Press J. R. & al., Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal; updated online version (as Cicerbita macrorhiza (Royle) Beauverd)
N. Ghafoor A. & al., Flora of Pakistan 222. Asteraceae (IV) Cichorieae. 2017 (as Melanoseris macrorhiza)
O. Rechinger K. H., 20. Prenanthes - 29. Lapsana in Fl. Iran. 122: 180-223. 1977 (as Cephalorrhynchus macrorhizus (Royle) Tuisl)
P. Aswal B. S. & Mehrotra B. N., Flora of Lahaul-Spiti. A cold desert in North West Himalaya. 1994