(4a) Taraxacum

III. Cichorieae

(1) Cichorieae and Asteraceae in general

(2) Chondrillinae

(3) Cichoriinae

(4) Crepidinae

(4a) Taraxacum

(5) Hieraciinae

(6) Hyoseridinae

(7) Hypochaeridinae

(8) Lactucinae

(9) Microseridinae

(10) Scolyminae

(11) Scorzonerinae

(12) Warioninae

Abedin S. 2007: New species of Taraxacum Weber ex Wigg., from Pakistan. – Pakistan J.  Bot. 39: 1417–1433.

Aquaro, G., Caparelli, K. F. & Peruzzi, L. 2009: The genus Taraxacum (Asteraceae) in Italy. II. Five new species of Taraxacum sect. Erythrocarpa. – Proceedings of IV Balkan Botanical Congress, Sofia.

Arrigoni P. A. 2007: Contributo alla conoscenza della flora della Sardegna: nuove specie di Taraxacum e altri reperti. – Parlatorea 9: 87–94.

Baeza C., Bastias C., Stuessy T., Ruiz E., Greimler J., López-Sepulveda P., Peñailillo P, Novoa P. & Gatica A. 2013: Cytological investigations on populations of Taraxacum ( Asteraceae) from the Juan Fernandez Archipelago, Chile. – Gayana Bot. 70: 401–403 [on T. fernandezianum].

Beilen J. B. van & Poirier Y. 2007: Guayule and Russian Dandelion as alternative sources of natural rubber. – Critical Reviews in Biotechnology 27: 217–231. // ➪ //

Carlesi V. & Peruzzi L. 2012: The genus Taraxacum (Asteraceae, Cichorieae) in Italy IV. Two new species of T. sect. Palustria. – Willdenowia 42: 191–197. // ➪ //

Doll R. 1973: Revision der sect. Erythrosperma Dahlst. emend. Lindb. f. der Gattung Taraxacum Zinn. – Feddes Repert. 84: 1–180, plates I–XVI.

Dudáš M., Šuvada R., Mártonfiová L. & Mártonfi P. 2013: Differentiation of the taxa of the genus Taraxacum sect. Erythrosperma on the basis of morphological characters on achenes and outer bracts. – Thaiszia 23: 147-162. // ➪ //

Dudáš M., Eliáš P. jun. & Mártonfi P. 2016: Occurrence of Taraxacum serotinum (Waldst. et Kit.) Fisch. (sect. Dioszegia) in Slovakia. – Thaiszia 26: 1-10. // ➪ //

Dudáš M., Fabianová J., Eliáš P. jun., Dítě D. & Dítětová Z. 2016: Occurrence and coenology of halophilous species Taraxacum bessarabicum (Hornem.) Hand.-Mazz. (sect. Piesis) in Slovakia – Thaiszia 26: 41-56. // ➪ //

Galán de Mera A. 2012: Tipificación de Taraxacum canariense Soest (Asteraceae). — Candollea 67: 229–231.

Galán de Mera A. & Sáez L. 2016: Taraxacum majoricense (Asteraceae), a new species from the Balearic Islands, Spain. — Ann. Bot. Fenn. 53: 82–90. // ➪ //

Galán de Mera A. & Vicente Orellana J. A. 2008: A new species of Taraxacum sect. Celtica (Asteraceae) from the Portuguese mountains. – Nordic J. Bot. 26: 361–363. // ➪ //

Galán de Mera A. & Vicente Orellana J. A. 2009: Two new species of Taraxacum from high mountains of the Iberian Peninsula. – Ann. Bot. Fenn. 46: 133-137. // ➪ //

Galán de Mera A. & Vicente Orellana J. A. 2010: Taraxacum decastroi and T. lacianense (Asteraceae), two new species from the Iberian Peninsula. – Ann. Bot. Fenn. 47: 307–311. // ➪ //

Galán de Mera A., Linares-Perea E. & Vicente-Orellana J. A. V. 2017: Taraxacum (Asteraceae) in the Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands. — Ann. Bot. Fenn. 54: 273–285. // ➪ //

Gálan de Mera A., Linares Perea E., Montoya Quino J., Torres Marquina I. & Vincente Orellana J. A. 2018: Novedades corológicas de Taraxacum F. H. Wigg. (Asteraceae) para la flora de Argentina, Colombia y Perú. – Acta Bot. Malac. 43: 1-7. // ➪ //

Gürdal B.,  Štěpánek J., Zeisek V., Kirschner J. & Özhatay N. 2018: What is and what is not Taraxacum bithynicum (Compositae, Crepidinae). – Phytaxa 373: 197–210. // ➪ //

Gürdal B., Kirschner J., Štěpánek J. & Özhatay N. 2017: Contributions to the genus Taraxacum (Asteraceae) — five new species records for the flora of Turkey. – Pl. Biosystems http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11263504.2017.1359212 // ➪ //

Ivanova M. S. 2011: Novy’e danny’e po sistematike roda Taraxacum Wigg. Altajskoj gornoj strany’ [New data on systematic of the genus Taraxacum Wigg. of the Altai mountain country]. – Turczaninowia 14: 8–9.

Janas A., Musiał K., Kościńska-Pająk M. & Marciniuk P. 2016: Insights into developmental processes in anthers, ovaries, and ovules of Taraxacum belorussicum (Asteraceae-Cichorioideae) using DIC optics. – Pl. Syst. Evol. 302: 617–628 // ➪ //

Kirschner J. & Štěpánek J. 1983: On the homonyms in the genus Taraxacum (Studies in Taraxacum 2.). – Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18: 443–446.

Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. 1987: Again on the sections in Taraxacum (Cichoriaceae) (Studies in Taraxacum 6). – Taxon 36: 608–617. // ➪ //

Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. 1993: The genus Taraxacum in the Caucasus, 1. Introduction, 2. The section Porphyrantha . – Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 28: 295–320

Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. 1996: Interpretation of some older Taraxacum names from Asia. – Edinburgh J. Bot. 53: 215–221. // ➪ //

Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. 1996: Modes of speciation and evolution of sections in Taraxacum. – Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 31: 415–426.

Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. 1997: A nomenclatural checklist of supraspecific names in Taraxacum. – Taxon 46: 87–98. // ➪ //

Kirschner J. & Štepanek J. 1998: A monograph of Taraxacum sect. Palustria. – Pruhonice: Institute of Botany, Academy of Science of the Czech Republic.

Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. 1999: A revision of Taraxacum sect. Piesis (Compositae). – Folia Geobot. 33: 391–414. // ➪ //

Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. 2004: New sections in Taraxacum. – Folia Geobot. 39: 259–274.

Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. 2005: Dandelions in Central Asia: Taraxacum sect. Suavia. – Preslia 77: 263–276.

Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. 2008: The most common dandelions in Middle Asia: the problem of Taraxacum sect. Macrocornuta , T. sect. Ceratoidea sect. nova, and the identity of T. halophilum. – Phyton (Horn) 48: 61–78.

Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. 2011: Dandelions in Central Asia: a revision of Taraxacum section Stenoloba. – Preslia 83: 491–512.

Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. 2011: Typification of Leontodon taraxacum L. (= Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg.) and the generic name Taraxacum : A review and a new typification proposal. – Taxon 60: 216–220. // ➪ //

Kirschner J. & Štěpánek J. 2014: Nomenclatural analysis of validity of Taraxacum names published by J. L. van Soest after 1958. – Phytotaxa 158: 169–181. // ➪ //

Kirschner J. & Štěpánek J. 2017: A revision of Taraxacum sect. Atrata, a dandelion group centred in the Middle Asia, and the problem of Taraxacum brevirostre. – Phytotaxa 305: 225–261. // ➪ //

Kirschner J., Štěpánek J. & Dickoré W. B. 2014: A revision of Taraxacum sect. Borealia Hand.-Mazz. in Middle Asia and the Himalayas with a preliminary world checklist of the section. – Folia Geobot. 49: 579–602. // ➪ //

Kirschner J., Štepánek J. & Greuter W. 2008: Taraxacum F. H. Wigg. – Pp. 739–775 in: Greuter W., Med-Checklist 2, Dicotyledones (Compositae). – Palermo: OPTIMA.

Kirschner J., Štepánek J. & Klimeš L. 2006: Dandelions in Central Asia: a revision of Taraxacum section Leucantha. – Preslia 78: 27–65.

Kirschner J., Štěpánek J. & Zeisek V. 2017: Taraxacum sect. Orientalia (Compositae-Crepidinae) and the West Himalayan dandelions: A new interpretation. – Phytotaxa 312: 1–17. // ➪ //

Kirschner J., Štepánek J., Cerný T. De Heer P. & Dijk P. J. van 2012: Available ex situ germplasm of the potential rubber crop Taraxacum koksaghyz belongs to a poor rubber producer, T. brevicorniculatum (Compositae–Crepidinae). – Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60: 455–471. // ➪ //

Kirschner J.,Záveská Drábková L., Štěpánek J. & Uhlemann I. 2014: Towards a better understanding of the Taraxacum evolution (Compositae–Cichorieae) on the basis of nrDNA of sexually reproducing species. – Pl. Syst. Evol. 301: 1135-1156. // ➪ //

Kula A., Grabowska-Joachimiak A., Kasjaniuk M., Legutko J., Marciniuk P. & Musiał K. 2013: Chromosome numbers in 10 Taraxacum species from Poland. – Acta Biol. Cracov., Ser. Bot. 55: 153–157. // ➪ //

Lundevall C.-F. & Oellgaard H. 1999: The genus Taraxacum in the Nordic and Baltic countries: types of all specific, subspecific and varietal taxa, including type locations and sectional belonging. – Preslia 71: 43–171.

M. Salih R. H., Majeský Ľ., Schwarzacher T., Gornall R. & Heslop-Harrison P. 2017: Complete chloroplast genomes from apomictic Taraxacum (Asteraceae): Identity and variation between three microspecies. – PLoS ONE 12(2):e0168008 // ➪ //

Majeský L., Vašut R. J. & Kitner M. 2015: Genotypic diversity of apomictic microspecies of the Taraxacum scanicum group (Taraxacum sect. Erythrosperma). – Pl. Syst. Evol. 301: 2105–2124.  // ➪ //

Marciniuk J. & Rudzinska-Langwald A. 2008: Morphological diversity of pollen from selected species of the genus Taraxacum, according to their ploidal level. – Acta Agrobot. 61: 65-69.

Marciniuk J., Vašut R. J., Marciniuk P. & Czarna A. 2009: Taraxacum scanicum Dahlst. group (section Erythrosperma) in Poland: Chorology and seed and pollen morphology of the microspecies. – Acta Soc. Bot. Poloniae 78(2): 115-121.

Marciniuk P., Musiał K., Joachimiak A. J., Marciniuk J., Oklejewicz K. & Wolaninn M. 2012: Taraxacum zajacii (Asteraceae) , a new species from Poland. – Ann. Bot. Fenn. 49: 387–390. // ➪ //

Marciniuk P. & Marciniuk J. 2012: Taraxacum gentile (Asteraceae) – charakterystyka gatunku i rozmieszczenie w Polsce [Taraxacum gentile (Asteraceae) – characteristic of the species and its distribution in Poland]. – Fragm. Florist. Geobot. Polon. 19: 39–44. // ➪ //

Marciniuk P., Marciniuk J., Oklejewicz K. & Wolanin M. 2016: Taraxacum zajacii (section Palustria) – an endemic from Pogórze Dynowskie. Distribution and habitat requirements. – Wulfenia 23: 121–126.

Margetts L. J. 2007: A new species of Taraxacum Wigg. (Asteraceae) from south-west England and Ireland. – Watsonia 26: 481–484.

Mártonfiová L. 2012 [“2011”]: Comparison of breeding behaviour of Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia and Taraxacum sect. Erythrosperma (Asteraceae). – Thaiszia 21: 177–184.

Mártonfiová L., Mártonfi P. & Šuvada R. 2010: Breeding behavior and its possible consequences for gene flow in Taraxacum sect. Erythrosperma (H. Lindb.) Dahlst. – Pl. Spec. Biol. 25: 93–102. // ➪ //

Mercadali i Corominas G. & Galán de Mera A. 2017: Taraxacum sect. Palustria (Compositae) en la península ibérica. – Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 74(e064): 1–17. // ➪ //

Mitsuyuki C., Hoya A., Shibaike H., Watanabe M. & Yahara T. 2013: Formation of a hybrid triploid agamosperm on a sexual diploid plant: evidence from progeny tests in Taraxacum platycarpum Dahlst. – Pl. Syst. Evol. 300: 863-870. // ➪ //

Musiał K. & Kościńska-Pająk M. 2013: Egg apparatus in sexual and apomictic species of Taraxacum: strcutural and immunocytochemical aspects of synergid cells. – Acta Biol. Cracov., Ser. Bot. 55: 107–113. // ➪ //

Musiał K., Górka P., Kościńska-Pająk M. & Marciniuk P. 2013: Embryological studies in Taraxacum udum Jordan (sect. Palustria). – Botany 91: 614–620. // ➪ //

Nijs J. C. M., Kirschner J., Štepánek J. & Hulst A. van der 1990: Distribution of diploid sexual plants of Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia in east-central Europe. – Pl. Syst. Evol. 170: 71–84.

Øllgaard H. 2015: Twelve new native Taraxacum species from the Nordic countries. – Nordic J. Bot. 33: 1–33. // ➪ //

Øllgaard H. & Räsänen J. 2008: Six new Taraxacum species (Asteraceae) from Finland and adjacent countries. – Ann. Bot. Fenn. 45: 375–385. // ➪ //

Peruzzi L., Aquaro G., Caparelli K. F. & Raimondo F. M. 2009: The genus Taraxacum (Asteraceae) in Italy. III. A new species of T. sect. Erythrocarpa from Sicily. – Fl. Medit. 19: 73–79.

Richards A. J. 1973: The origin of Taraxacum agamospecies. – Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 66: 189–211. // ➪ //

Richards A. J. 1976: An account of some neotropical Taraxacum species. – Rhodora 78: 682–706.

Richards A. J. & Doogue D. 2017: Notes on some Taraxacum (Asteraceae) from Ireland including description of four new species in section Celtica. – New J. Bot. 7: 136-146. // ➪ //

Richards A. J. & Ferguson-Smyth C. C. 2012: Taraxacum pankhurstianum (Asteraceae), a new dandelion endemic to St Kilda, Outer Hebrides, Scotland. – New J. Bot. 2: 16–19. // ➪ //

Richards A. J. & Ferguson-Smyth C. C. 2017: Notes on the Taraxacum (Asteraceae) flora of the Orkney Islands, British Isles. – New J. Bot. 6: 71–78. // ➪ //

Richards A. J., Biel B., Štěpánek J. & Kirschner J. 2015: Taraxacum limnoticum (Asteraceae) from the Aegean, Greece. – Phytol. Balcan. 21: 149–154.

Rydberg H. 2008: Checklist of Swedish species of Taraxacum. – Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 102: 100–120. [in Swedish with an English abstract]

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Sennikov A. N. 2007: The genus Taraxacum (Asteraceae) in the Russian part of East Fennoscandia: distribution, new records and comparison of taxonomic concepts. – Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 83: 59–81

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Štepánek J. & Kirschner J. 2012: Taxonomic and nomenclatural revision of the Taraxacum subdolum group of T. sect. Palustria. – Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Österreich 148/149: 185–195. // ➪ //

Štepánek J. & Kirschner J. 2013: A revision of mountain species of the genus Taraxacum F. H. Wigg. (Asteraceae) in Corsica. – Candollea 68: 29–39.

Štepánek J. & Kirschner J. 2013: A taxonomic revision of Taraxacum sect. Erythrosperma (Compositae-Lactuceae) in Corsica. – Feddes Repert. 123: 139–176. // ➪ //

Štěpánek J. & Kirschner J. 2014: A revision of names in Taraxacum sect. Erythrocarpa and T. sect. Erythrosperma (Asteraceae: Cichorieae) published by C. E. Sonck from Greece, with nomenclatural comments. – Willdenowia 44: 137–144. // ➪ //

Štěpánek J. & Kirschner J. 2017: Taraxacum names published by J. Murr: Typification and taxonomic interpretation. – Phyton (Horn) 57: 11-18. // ➪ //

Štepánek, J., Kirschner, J. & Meierott, L. 2010: Taraxacum gratum, a new species of the section Erythrocarpa from the Transcaucasus. – Phyton (Horn) 50: 59–68.

Štepánek J., Kirschner J., Jarolímová V. & Kirschnerová L. 2011: Taraxacum nigricans, T. alpestre and allies in the Taraxacum sect. Alpestria: taxonomy, geography and conservation status. – Preslia 83: 537–564. // ➪ //

Štepánek J., Kirschner J., Kirchmeier P. & Meierott L. 2013: Taraxacum riparium ( Compositae-Cichorieae), a new species of the section Palustria from Austria. – Phyton (Horn) 53: 15–21.

Šuvada R., Mártonfi P. & Mártonfiová L. 2012: Differentiation of diploid and triploid taxa within Taraxacum sect. Erythrosperma (Asteraceae) from the Pannonian Region. – Folia Geobot. 47: 69–91. // ➪ //

Trávnícek B. & Štepánek J. 2008: New or less known species of Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia found in Central Europe. – Zprávy Ceské botanické spolecnosti 43: 67–110. [in Czech with an English abstract]

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Trávnícek B., Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. 2008: Five new species of Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia from Central Europe and Denmark. – Preslia 80: 27–59.

Trávníček B., Meierott L. & Žíla V. 2015: Beiträge zur Gattung Taraxacum in Bayern / Contribution to the genus Taraxacum in Bavaria. – Forum Geobot. 6: 20–49. // ➪ //

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Trávnícek P., Kirschner J., Chudácková H., Rooks F. & Štepánek J. 2013: Substantial genome size variation in Taraxacum stenocephalum (Asteraceae, Lactuceae). – Folia Geobot. 48: 271–284. // ➪ //

Uhlemann I. 2007: New species of the genus Taraxacum (Asteraceae, Cichorieae) from Croatia [Notulae ad floram euro-mediterraneam pertinentes 23]. – Willdenowia 37: 115–121. // ➪ //

Uhlemann I. 2010: New species of the genus Taraxacum (Asteraceae, Cichorieae) from Croatia II. – Willdenowia 40: 179–182. // ➪ //

Uhlemann I. 2011: Notizen zur Taraxacum-Flora Österreichs und Südtirols. – Neilreichia 6: 27–53.

Uhlemann I. 2012 [“2011”]: New species of the genus Taraxacum (Asteraceae) from Germany II. – Schlechtendalia 24: 13-20.

Uhlemann I. 2016: New species of the genus Taraxacum L. (Asteraceae, Cichorieae) from Croatia III. – Willdenowia 46: 225–232. // ➪ //

Uhlemann I., Kirschner J. & Štepánek J. 2004: The genus Taraxacum ( Asteraceae) in the southern hemisphere. I. The section Antarctica Handel-Mazzetti and notes on dandelions of Australasia. – Folia Geobotanica 39: 205–220.

Uhlemann I., Ritz C. M. & Peñailillo P. 2009: Relationships in Taraxacum section Arctica s.l. (Asteraceae, Cichorieae) and allies based on nrITS. – Feddes Repert. 120: 35–47. // ➪ //

Uhleman I., Kirschner J., Ollgaard H. & Štepánek J. 2007: Four new species of Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia ( Asteraceae - Cichorieae) from Central Europe and Scandinavia. – Phyton (Horn) 47: 103–121.

Uhlemann I., Meierott L., Trávníček B. & Žila V. 2015: Fortschritte in der Erforschung der Gattung Taraxacum in Deutschland. – Kochia 9: 1–35.

Vašut R. J. & Majeský L. 2015: Taraxacum pudicum, a new apomictic microspecies of T. section Erythrosperma ( Asteraceae) from Central Europe. – Phytotaxa 227: 243–252. // ➪ //

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Wolanin M. M. Musiał K. & Wolanin M. N. 2018: Taraxacum sandomiriense (sect. Erythrosperma, Asteraceae), a new species from Poland. – Phytotaxa 375: 158–164. // ➪ //

Záveský L., Jarolímová V. & Štepánek J. 2005: Nuclear DNA content variation within the genus Taraxacum ( Asteraceae). – Folia Geobot. 40: 91–104.

Zeisek V., Kirschner J., Štěpánek J. & Amini Rad M. 2015: Microsatellite variation, sexual reproduction and taxonomic revision of Taraxacum sect. Dioszegia: relationships at a large spatial scale. – Preslia 87: 55–85. // ➪ //